Environmental Crime

A Reader

Author: Robert Douglas White

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 743

View: 3422

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Environmental crime is a topic of growing international importance. It provides a general introduction and overview by presenting key articles and source material in the emerging area of green or environmental criminology. The focus for the collection is environmental crime, itself an ambiguous concept, and one that has been defined in the broadest terms to include environmental harms of many different kinds. The articles and extracts reprinted in this Reader span a wide range of concerns - from issues of pollution, illegal disposal of waste and logging, through to prosecution of specific environmental offences and crime prevention as this pertains to trade in endangered species – and draws on many different sources, and from many different disciplines and perspectives. It is divided into three main sections: conceptualising environmental crime; dynamics of environmental crime and environmental law enforcement. This is a most inclusive and up-to-date collection and an essential resource for policy-makers, environmental managers, magistrates and others with a general interest in environmental issues.

Environmental crime

law, policy, prosecution

Author: Kathleen F. Brickey

Publisher: Aspen Law & Business

ISBN: 9780735562493

Category: Law

Page: 386

View: 7311

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In this exciting addition to Aspen's Elective Series, Kathleen Brickey, a leading criminal law and white collar crime specialist and author of numerous scholarly publications, offers a unique perspective on the intersection of environmental law and criminal law. Using an interdisciplinary approach, The author covers major environmental and criminal law issues in a clear, concise style that is easily accessible to all students regardless of their backgrounds. An outstanding teaching tool, Environmental Crime is suitable for use in courses or seminars on environmental law, white collar crime, federal criminal law, public policy, and advanced criminal law. This unique book boasts a number of outstanding attributes: Distinguished authorship: As the author of a three-volume treatise and a leading casebook on corporate and white collar crime, Brickey brings exceptional insight and experience To The task. Skillful integration of environmental and white collar crime issues: The book blends topical coverage of key environmental statutes relating to air and water pollution, hazardous waste, and toxic substances with coverage of conventional white collar crime statutes that federal prosecutors often use in tandem with environmental crime charges. Carefully selected materials to enhance teaching and learning: The book skillfully integrates clear and succinct discussions of major environmental and criminal law issues with illustrations, discussion questions, judicial decisions, and case studies designed to stimulate lively classroom discussion. In-depth discussion of enforcement trends: Real world illustrations, combined with the author's practical knowledge of environmental crime prosecutions, give students an excellent grounding in current trends in criminal enforcement practices. Interdisciplinary approach that helps clarify difficult issues: The author adeptly blends legal, environmental, and policy considerations to illustrate environmental crime and criminal enforcement issues, including prosecutorial discretion. Text is appropriate level for all audiences: Environmental Crime is highly readable and accessible to students regardless of their technical or legal backgrounds. Take advantage of Kathleen Brickey's experience and expertise. Environmental Crime is lucid, concise, And The first book intended for law school study that deals exclusively with the subject. it will be an invaluable resource for any criminal law, white collar crime, or environmental law and policy course or seminar.

Environmental Crime

Author: Yingyi Situ,David Emmons

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761900373

Category: Law

Page: 218

View: 6345

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After defining environmental crime and discussing the extent of the environmental crisis, this book explores the causes, investigation, prosecution and prevention of all types of environmental crime.

Environmental Crime

Author: Mary Clifford,Terry D. Edwards

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763794287

Category: Law

Page: 426

View: 2317

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Environmental crime is an increasingly serious problem nationally and internationally, and is an expanding field of study in today’s environmentally conscious classroom. Fully revised and updated, Environmental Crime, Second Edition revisits the early construction of environmental crime as a subject of study and addresses new and emerging subjects of study, specifically focused on the United States but including research from Europe, Australia, and around the world. Comprehensive and interdisciplinary in its focus, this Second Edition is written by a collection of experts in the field and presents themes related to the social, cultural, political, economic, scientific and legal contexts of environmental crime. Each chapter includes key terms, review questions, discussion questions, and references. The accessible style and easy-to-read format make Environmental Crime, Second Edition ideal for anyone from any discipline, with little to no exposure to the subject matter. New material added to the Second Edition: • New chapter on the relationship between social and political activism and legislative change • New chapter on crime theories specifically focused on environmental issues • Updates on the history and legislation • Updates on definition and related terms • Updates on state and local issues • Updates on police, courts, sentencing and punishments • New online link with additional resources for students Key Features: * Includes contributions from nationally and internationally known experts on the topic of environmental crime * Provides a comprehensive focus on the United States laws and policies related to environmental law, violations, punishments and sanctions * Includes a historical review of law creation and activist protests focused on organizing and changing laws around environmental protections and environmental harms * Interdisciplinary in its focus, the text includes biological sciences, history and political debates, economics, media, crime theory and its application, in addition to sections on international constructions of environmental crime and future research directions Instructor Resources: * Test Bank * PowerPoint Lecture Outlines * Answers to end of chapter questions

Transnational Environmental Crime

Author: Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351538535

Category: Law

Page: 568

View: 9219

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The essays selected for this volume illustrate the growing interest in and importance of crime that is both environmental and transnational in nature. The topics covered range from pollution and waste to biodiversity and wildlife crimes, and from the violation of human rights associated with the exploitation of natural resources through to the criminogenic implications of climate change. The collection provides insight into the nature and dynamics of this type of crime and examines in detail who is harmed and what can be done about it. Differential victimisation and contemporary developments in environmental law enforcement are also considered. Collectively, these essays lay the foundations for a criminology that is forward looking, global in its purview, and that deals with the key environmental issues of the present age.

The Geography of Environmental Crime

Conservation, Wildlife Crime and Environmental Activism

Author: Gary R. Potter,Angus Nurse,Matthew Hall

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137538430

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 7177

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This book critically examines both theory and practice around conservation crimes. It engages with the full complexity of environmental crimes and different responses to them, including: poaching, conservation as a response to wildlife crime, forest degradation, environmental activism, and the application of scientific and situational crime prevention techniques as preventative tools to deal with green crime. Through the contributions of experts from both the social and ecological sciences, the book deals with theoretical and practical considerations that impact on the effectiveness of contemporary environmental criminal justice. It discusses the social construction of green crimes and the varied ways in which poaching and other conservation crimes are perceived, operate and are ideologically driven, as well as practical issues in environmental criminal justice. With contributions based in varied ideological perspectives and drawn from a range of academic disciplines, this volume provides a platform for scholars to debate new ideas about environmental law enforcement, policy, and crime prevention, detection and punishment.

Environmental Crime and its Victims

Perspectives within Green Criminology

Author: Toine Spapens,Rob White,Marieke Kluin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317142322

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7537

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Environmental crime is one of the most profitable and fastest growing areas of international criminal activity. These types of crime, however, do not always produce an immediate consequence, and the harm may be diffused. As such, the complexity of victimization - in terms of time, space, impact, and who or what is victimized - is one of the reasons why governments and the enforcement community have trouble in finding suitable and effective responses. This book provides a diverse and provocative array of arguments, critiques and recommendations from leading researchers and scholars in the field of green criminology. The chapters are divided into three main sections: the first part deals with specific characteristics of some of the major types of environmental crime and its perpetrators; the second focuses explicitly on the problem of victimization in cases of environmental crime; and the third addresses the question of how to tackle this problem. Discussing these topics from the point of view of green criminological theory, sociology, law enforcement, community wellbeing, environmental activism and victimology, this book will be of great interest to all those concerned about crime and the environment.

Environmental Crime

A Sourcebook

Author: Ronald G. Burns,Michael J. Lynch

Publisher: Lfb Scholarly Pub Llc

ISBN: 9781593320003

Category: Law

Page: 337

View: 6254

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Ronald G. Burns is an Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Texas Christian University.

Handbook of Transnational Environmental Crime

Author: Lorraine Elliott,William H. Schaedla

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783476230

Category: Law

Page: 608

View: 2659

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Crimes associated with the illegal trade in wildlife, timber and fish stocks, pollutants and waste have become increasingly transnational, organized and serious. They warrant attention because of their environmental consequences, their human toll, their impacts on the rule of law and good governance, and their links with violence, corruption and a range of crossover crimes. This ground-breaking, multi-disciplinary Handbook brings together leading scholars and practitioners to examine key sectors in transnational environmental crime and to explore its most significant conceptual, operational and enforcement challenges.

Environmental Crime and Social Conflict

Contemporary and Emerging Issues

Author: Avi Brisman,Nigel South,Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317142292

Category: Law

Page: 344

View: 1045

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This impressive collection of original essays explores the relationship between social conflict and the environment - a topic that has received little attention within criminology. The chapters provide a systematic and comprehensive introduction and overview of conflict situations stemming from human exploitation of environments, as well as the impact of social conflicts on the wellbeing and health of specific species and ecosystems. Largely informed by green criminology perspectives, the chapters in the book are intended to stimulate new understandings of the relationships between humans and nature through critical evaluation of environmental destruction and degradation associated with social conflicts occurring around the world. With a goal of creating a typology of environment-social conflict relationships useful for green criminological research, this study is essential reading for scholars and academics in criminology, as well as those interested in crime, law and justice.

ENVIRONMENTAL CRIME TRIALS

The Road to Reasonable Doubt

Author: Steven C. Drielak

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 0398091862

Category: Criminal investigation

Page: 204

View: 2950

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Obtaining an environmental crime conviction can be a daunting task for any prosecutor. There are many challenges to be met and overcome, all of which may impact upon the success or failure of the criminal environmental prosecution. This text’s focus is primarily on those issues associated with the collection and analysis of scientific evidence and other types of physical evidence that are normally associated with an environmental crime trial. Specifically, the book examines the environmental crime scene evidence collection issues normally associated with criminal prosecutions involving hazardous wastes and hazardous substances and their subsequent release to the environment. The myriad of evidence collection and analysis issues raised here focus on the equipment, procedures, protocols, training and documentation required in order to properly collect this unique type of criminal evidence. Additionally, the text provides a detailed description of the documentation that should be requested for examination by defense experts prior to the commencement of an environmental criminal trial and provides complete explanations as to their evidentiary and potentially exculpatory significance. The text will also provide the environmental defense attorney with viable alternatives to the all-too-common environmental scientific evidence stipulations and also provides a detailed analysis of the commonly self-induced vulnerabilities found in many criminal environmental prosecutions involving hazardous wastes and substances. The book also includes numerous and specific cross-examination questions and follow-up questions for the government’s technical witnesses -- questions, that in many instances, the prosecution would rather have left unasked. Armed with the knowledge provided here, the environmental crimes prosecutor will be able to provide initial guidance to the investigative team that may minimize or eliminate many errors often made during the early evidence collection stage of a criminal environmental investigation. For the defense attorney, the book provides a consequence analysis of the potential criminal evidence collection errors committed by regulatory- trained individuals and contractors who have little or no criminal evidence collection or crime scene investigation training.

Environmental Crime in Latin America

The Theft of Nature and the Poisoning of the Land

Author: David Rodríguez Goyes,Hanneke Mol,Avi Brisman,Nigel South

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137557052

Category: Social Science

Page: 313

View: 4060

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This book is the first green criminology text to focus specifically on Latin America. Green criminology has always adopted a broad horizon and explicitly emphasised that environmental crimes and harms affect countries and cultures around the world. The chapters collected here illuminate and describe the “theft of nature” and the “poisoning of the land” in Latin America through and from processes of agro-industry expansion, biopiracy, legal and illegal trafficking of free-born non-human animals, and mining. An interdisciplinary study, this collection draws on research from a wide range of international experts on not only green criminology, but also social justice, political ecology and sociology. An engaging and thought-provoking work, this book will be an essential text for anyone interested in current issues in environmental crime.

Environmental Crime and Collaborative State Intervention

Author: Rob White,Grant Pink

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137562579

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 4484

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This book examines the role and practical dynamics of governmental environmental law enforcement agencies and individuals who combat environmental crime. It will inform researchers about the 'real world' experiences of practitioners and provide an intellectual space for practitioners to examine critically what it is they do and why.

Environmental Crime in Europe

Author: Andrew Farmer,Michael Faure,Grazia Maria Vagliasindi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509913998

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 501

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"Environmental crime is a growing challenge for policy makers and law enforcers. This is an important and timely study which examines in depth how environmental crime is treated at national level within the European Union and the impact of the 2008 EU Directive on environmental crime on national systems. It will be required reading by anyone concerned with making environmental law more effective." Richard Macrory, Emeritus Professor, University College London The aim of this important new collection is to explore how environmental crime is controlled and environmental criminal law is shaped and implemented within the European Union and its Member States. It examines the legal framework, looking in particular at Directive 2008/99/EC, and the specific competences of the EU in this domain. In addition, it provides a detailed analysis of environmental criminal law in seven Member States, focusing inter alia on the basic legislation, the way in which environmental pollution is criminalised and the main actors in place to enforce environmental criminal law. In so doing, it provides a much needed explanation of the evolution of environmental criminal law in Europe at Union level and how this is implemented in selected Member States.

Environmental Crime

Evidence Gathering and Investigative Techniques

Author: Steven C. Drielak

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780398068899

Category: Law

Page: 230

View: 4279

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Fighting Environmental Crime in Europe and Beyond

The Role of the EU and Its Member States

Author: Ragnhild Sollund,Christoph H. Stefes,Anna Rita Germani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349950858

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 5507

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This book brings together the findings of a multi-disciplinary and international research project on environmental crime in Europe, funded by the European Union (EU). “European Union Action to Fight Environmental Crime" (EFFACE) was a 40-month research project that included eleven European research institutions and think tanks and was led by Ecologic Institute Berlin. EFFACE assessed the impacts of environmental crime as well as effective and feasible policy options for combating it from a multidisciplinary perspective, with a focus on the EU. As part of this project, numerous instances of environmental crime within and outside of the EU were studied and are now presented in this volume. This edited collection is highly innovative in showing not only the many facets of environmental crime, but also how it should be conceptualised and the consequences. An original and rigorous study, this book will be of particular interest to policy makers and scholars of green criminology and environmental studies.

Environmental Crime and Criminality

Theoretical and Practical Issues

Author: Sally M. Edwards,Terry D. Edwards,Charles B. Fields

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135813035

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 7620

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First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Local prosecution of environmental crime

Author: Theodore M. Hammett,Joel J. Epstein,National Institute of Justice (U.S.)

Publisher: Diane Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 111

View: 8585

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Describes the experiences of 5 local prosecutors' offices (Alameda Ct., CA; Cook Ct, IL; Jefferson & Gilpin Cts., CO; LA, CA & Monmouth Ct., NJ) that have made the prosecution of environmental crime a major priority. The approaches taken are described, as are some of the obstacles they faced, in order to provide info. that will help jurisdictions establish & conduct successful environmental prosecution programs. Cooperation & collaboration among prosecutors, law enforcement officials, regulators, labs., & legislators are deemed essential to the success of this prog.

Crimes Against Nature

Environmental Criminology and Ecological Justice

Author: Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134733488

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 9774

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Crimes Against Nature provides a systematic account and analysis of the key concerns of green criminology, written by one of the leading authorities in the field. The book draws upon the disciplines of environmental studies, environmental sociology and environmental management as well as criminology and socio-legal studies, and draws upon a wide range of examples of crimes against the environment – ranging from toxic waste, logging, wildlife smuggling, bio-piracy, the use and transport of ozone depleting substances through to illegal logging and fishing, water pollution and animal abuse. The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 sets out theoretical approaches and perspectives on the subject; Part 2 explores the (national and international) dimensions of environmental crime and the explanations for it; Part 3 deals with the range of responses to environmental crime - environmental law enforcement, regulation, environmental crime prevention and the role of global institutions and movements.

Green Crime in Mexico

A Collection of Case Studies

Author: Ines Arroyo-Quiroz,Tanya Wyatt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319752863

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 1326

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This collection is the first exploration into green crime in Mexico, offering a unique critique of the environmental problems facing Mexico today. Written by a diverse range of Mexican academics and practitioners from different career stages and various different disciplines, this edited volume exposes the corruption, power, and disregard for the environment through highly detailed and engaging case studies. The chapters are grouped into four categories: Environmental Degradation, Social and Environmental Justice, Wildlife Trafficking, and Non-compliance with Environmental Obligations, and are illuminated by rigorous original research. This book fills a substantial gap in knowledge about concerns that are important not only to the Mexican people and the wider region, but to anyone with an interest in the environmental issues facing the world today. To this end, the contributors hope to inspire other Mexicans to study and research green crimes as well as to influence scholars and practitioners across Central and South America who are facing similar environmental crises and challenges.