Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

Society in Transformation

Author: Michael Frassetto

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576072630

Category: History

Page: 419

View: 4412

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Alphabetically arranged articles explore the people, literary works, industries and occupations, dynasties, art forms, and other aspects of Europe from the fourth to the tenth centuries.

Ancient Europe 8000 B.C.--A.D. 1000

Encyclopedia of the Barbarian World

Author: Peter I. Bogucki,Pam J. Crabtree

Publisher: Scribner

ISBN: 9780684806709

Category: History

Page: 658

View: 9252

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Online version of the 2-volume work, published: New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004.

Barbarians

Author: Peter Bogucki

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780237650

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 3069

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We often think of the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome as discrete incubators of Western culture, places where ideas about everything from government to art to philosophy were free to develop and then be distributed outward into the wider Mediterranean world. But as Peter Bogucki reminds us in this book, Greece and Rome did not develop in isolation. All around them were rural communities who had remarkably different cultures, ones few of us know anything about. Telling the stories of these nearly forgotten people, he offers a long-overdue enrichment of how we think about classical antiquity. As Bogucki shows, the lands to the north of the Greek and Roman peninsulas were inhabited by non-literate communities that stretched across river valleys, mountains, plains, and shorelines from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east. What we know about them is almost exclusively through archeological finds of settlements, offerings, monuments, and burials—but these remnants paint a portrait that is just as compelling as that of the great literate, urban civilizations of this time. Bogucki sketches the development of these groups’ cultures from the Stone Age through the collapse of the Roman Empire in the west, highlighting the increasing complexity of their societal structures, their technological accomplishments, and their distinct cultural practices. He shows that we are still learning much about them, as he examines new historical and archeological discoveries as well as the ways our knowledge about these groups has led to a vibrant tourist industry and even influenced politics. The result is a fascinating account of several nearly vanished cultures and the modern methods that have allowed us to rescue them from historical oblivion.

The Roman Barbarian Wars

The Era of Roman Conquest

Author: Ludwig Heinrich Dyck

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 1473877881

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6579

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The history of the 'barbarian' peoples of Europe is filled with dramatic wars and migrations along with charismatic and often farsighted leaders. Inevitably, their greatest challenge was their struggle with the renowned military might of Rome. Even when outnumbered and faced by better equipped and trained Roman legions, the barbarians could inflict devastating defeats upon Rome. Though sometimes fickle in battle, the barbarian warrior was capable of reckless bravery. The Romans themselves admired the size and strength of the barbarians, which, combined with a life of hardship and intertribal warfare, made them dangerous opponents This book, however, is as much about Rome as it is about its tribal foes. Ludwig Dyck begins with the foundation of the city of Rome and follows her growth into a martial empire, complete with its pageantry and glory, its genius, its brutality and its arrogance. All this is told in a fast-paced, accessible narrative style.

Encyclopedia of European Peoples

Author: Carl Waldman,Catherine Mason

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438129181

Category: Europe

Page: 955

View: 9621

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Presents an alphabetical listing of information on the origins, prehistory, history, culture, languages, relationships to other cultures and more regarding European peoples.

Western Views of Islam in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Perception of Other

Author: M. Frassetto,D. Blanks

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0312299672

Category: History

Page: 235

View: 555

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Western Views of Islam in Medieval and Early Modern Europe considers the various attitudes of European religious and secular writers towards Islam during the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period. Examining works from England, France, Italy, the Holy Lands, and Spain, the essays in this volume explore the reactions of Westerners to the culture and religion of Islam. Many of the works studied reveal the hostility toward Islam of Europeans and the creation of negative stereotypes of Muslims by Western writers. These essays also reveal attempts at accommodation and understanding that stand in contrast to the prevailing hostility that existed then and, in some ways, exists still today.

Warfare in the Classical World

War and the Ancient Civilisations of Greece and Rome

Author: John Warry

Publisher: Pavilion Books

ISBN: 184994315X

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 4419

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This authoritative volume traces the evolution of the art of warfare in the Greek and Roman worlds between 1600BC and AD 800, from the rise of Mycenaean civilisation to the fall of Ravenna and the eventual decline of the Roman Empire. The book is also, of course, about the great military commanders, such as Alexander and Julius Caesar - men whose feats of generalship still provide material for discussion and admiration in the world's military academies.

Barbarians Within the Gates of Rome

A Study of Roman Military Policy and the Barbarians, Ca. 375-425 A.D.

Author: Thomas S. Burns

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253312884

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 5947

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At the death of the Emperor Valentinian I in 375, Rome had behind it centuries of dealing with barbarian peoples along its borders. Germanic recruits were serving in virtually all branches of the Roman army, including the officer corps. Soldiers of barbarian origin were entering into imperial service, sometimes after defeats but more often as a standard feature of life along Rome's frontiers. In 425, fifty years later, barbarians were still fighting for Rome but increasingly under their own kings, whom Rome recognized and supported within the Empire. The interim was one of the most exciting and challenging periods in Roman history.

Barbarian Rites

The Spiritual World of the Vikings and the Germanic Tribes

Author: Hans-Peter Hasenfratz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1620554488

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 1826

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Discover the untamed paganism of the Vikings and the Germanic tribes prior to the complete Christianization of Europe • Explores the different forms of magic practiced by these tribes, including runic magic, necromancy (death magic), soul-travel, and shape-shifting • Examines their rites of passage and initiation rituals and their most important gods, such as Odin, Loki, and Thor • Looks at barbarian magic in historical accounts, church and assembly records, and mythology as well as an eyewitness report from a 10th-century Muslim diplomat • Reveals the use and abuse of this tradition’s myths and magic by the Nazis Before the conversion of Europe to Christianity in the Middle Ages, Germanic tribes roamed the continent, plundering villages and waging battles to seek the favor of Odin, their god of war, ecstasy, and magic. Centuries later, predatory Viking raiders from Scandinavia carried on similar traditions. These wild “barbarians” had a system of social classes and familial clans with complex spiritual customs, from rites of passage for birth, death, and adulthood to black magic practices and shamanic ecstatic states, such as the infamous “berserker’s rage.” Chronicling the original pagan tradition of free and wild Europe--and the use and abuse of its myths and magic by the Nazis--Hans-Peter Hasenfratz offers a concise history of the Germanic tribes of Europe and their spiritual, magical, and occult beliefs. Looking at historical accounts, church and assembly records, mythology, and folktales from Germany, Russia, Scandinavia, and Iceland as well as an eyewitness report of Viking customs and rituals from a 10th-century Muslim diplomat, Hasenfratz explores the different forms of magic--including charms, runic magic, necromancy, love magic, soul-travel, and shamanic shape-shifting--practiced by the Teutonic tribes and examines their interactions with and eventual adaptation to Christianity. Providing in-depth information on their social class and clan structure, rites of passage, and their most important gods and goddesses, such as Odin, Loki, Thor, and Freyja, Hasenfratz reveals how it is only through understanding our magical barbarian roots that we can see the remnants of their language, culture, and dynamic spirit that have carried through to modern times.

The Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Author: Norman F. Cantor

Publisher: New York : Viking

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 1406

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Covers all aspects of the Middle Ages, from Europe to the Far East, exploring the lives of the great people of the age, including Dante and Chaucer

Encyclopedia of Christian Education

Author: George Thomas Kurian,Mark A. Lamport

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0810884933

Category: Religion

Page: 1678

View: 7394

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This reference work tells the unique history of Christian education and shows how Christian educators pioneered such institutions and reforms as universal literacy, home schooling, Sunday schools, women's education, graded schools, compulsory education of the deaf and blind, and kindergarten.

The Barbarian's Beverage

A History of Beer in Ancient Europe

Author: Max Nelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134386729

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 8807

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Comprehensive and detailed, this is the first ever study of ancient beer and its distilling, consumption and characteristics Examining evidence from Greek and Latin authors from 700 BC to AD 900, the book demonstrates the important technological as well as ideological contributions the Europeans made to beer throughout the ages. The study is supported by textual and archaeological evidence and gives a fresh and fascinating insight into an aspect of ancient life that has fed through to modern society and which stands today as one of the world’s most popular beverages. Students of ancient history, classical studies and the history of food and drink will find this an useful and enjoyable read.

Christian Attitudes Toward the Jews in the Middle Ages

A Casebook

Author: Michael Frassetto

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415978270

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 6860

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Conflicting accounts : negotiating a Jewish space in medieval Southern Italy, c. 800-1150 CE / Patricia Skinner -- The cross, the Jews, and the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in the writings of Ademar of Chabannes / Daniel F. Callahan -- A great Jewish conspiracy? : worsening Jewish-Christian relations and the destruction of the Holy Sepulcher / Phyllis G. Jestice -- Heretics and Jews in the early eleventh century : the writings of Rodulfus Glaber and Ademar of Chabannes / Michael Frassetto -- Against the enemies of Christ : the role of Count Emicho in the anti-Jewish violence of the First Crusade / Matthew Gabriele -- Abelard and Heloise on Jews and hebraica veritas / Constant J. Mews -- Reason and natural law in the disputational writings of Peter Alfonsi, Peter Abelard, and Yehuda Halevi / Alex Novikoff -- The Jews in the Golden legend / Thomas Renna -- Anti-Jewish attitudes in Anglo-Norman religious texts, twelfth and thirteenth centuries / Maureen Boulton -- Henry II, William of Newburgh, and the development of English anti-Judaism / John D. Hosler -- Jewish witness, forced conversion, and island living : John Duns Scotus on Jews and Judaism / Nancy L. Turner.

An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Uniforms of the Roman World

A Detailed Study of the Armies of Rome and Their Enemies, Including the Etruscans, Samnites, Carthaginians, Celts, Macedonians, Gauls, Huns, Sassanids, Persians and Turks

Author: Kevin F. Kiley

Publisher: Lorenz Books

ISBN: 9780754823872

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 8527

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Presents a visual reference of the fighting men of the period from 8th century BC to the fall of Constantinople in 1453, with images of military dress, weaponry, artillery, ships, siege engines, and fortifications.

The Global Prehistory of Human Migration

Author: Immanuel Ness

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118970586

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4439

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Previously published as the first volume of The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, this work is devoted exclusively to prehistoric migration, covering all periods and places from the first hominin migrations out of Africa through the end of prehistory. Presents interdisciplinary coverage of this topic, including scholarship from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, genetics, biology, linguistics, and more Includes contributions from a diverse international team of authors, representing 17 countries and a variety of disciplines Divided into two sections, covering the Pleistocene and Holocene; each section examines human migration through chapters that focus on different regional and disciplinary lenses

Encyclopedia of the Medieval World

Author: Edward D. English

Publisher: Facts on File

ISBN: 9781438110240

Category: History

Page: 881

View: 6070

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A two-volume alphabetical set introduces the important people, places, events, concepts, and customs of the Middle Ages.

Ethnic Groups of Europe: An Encyclopedia

An Encyclopedia

Author: Jeffrey E. Cole

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598843036

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 6826

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This comprehensive survey of ethnic groups of Europe reveals the dynamic process of ethnic identity and the relationship of ethnic groups to modern states. • Includes an introduction describing the concept and practice of ethnicity in Europe, past and present • Contains contributions from 80 distinguished international scholars, including some of the foremost experts on particular groups

Growing Old in the Middle Ages

Winter Clothes Us in Shadow and Pain

Author: Shulamith Shahar,Yael Lotan

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415333603

Category: History

Page: 243

View: 1772

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"Growing Old in the Middle Ages draws a comprehensive picture of medieval old age, describing how it was perceived by different groups in society; what help was given to the ageing; the desire to increase longevity; the consolation offered to the elderly; and the growing concern with physiology. With the increased interest in old age as a subject for historical study, this timely overview is an invaluable contribution to the social history of the whole of medieval Europe"--Publisher description.