Unfree Labor

Author: Peter KOLCHIN

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674039718

Category: History

Page: 553

View: 1068

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Institutional Framework of Russian Serfdom

Author: Tracy Dennison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496077

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 9481

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Russian rural history has long been based on a 'Peasant Myth', originating with nineteenth-century Romantics and still accepted by many historians today. In this book, Tracy Dennison shows how Russian society looked from below, and finds nothing like the collective, redistributive and market-averse behaviour often attributed to Russian peasants. On the contrary, the Russian rural population was as integrated into regional and even national markets as many of its west European counterparts. Serfdom was a loose garment that enabled different landlords to shape economic institutions, especially property rights, in widely diverse ways. Highly coercive and backward regimes on some landlords' estates existed side-by-side with surprisingly liberal approximations to a rule of law. This book paints a vivid and colourful picture of the everyday reality of rural Russia before the 1861 abolition of serfdom.

The Emancipation of the Serfs in Russia

Peace Arbitrators and the Development of Civil Society

Author: Roxanne Easley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134001932

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7317

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In the wake of the disastrous Crimean War, the Russian autocracy completely renovated its most basic social, political and economic systems by emancipating some 23 million privately-owned serfs. This had enormous consequences for all aspects of Russian life, and profound effects on the course of Russian history. This book examines the emancipation of the serfs, focusing on the mechanisms used to enact the reforms and the implications for Russian politics and society in the long term. Because the autocracy lacked the necessary resources for the reform, it created new institutions with real powers and autonomy, particularly the mirovoi posrednik, or 'peace arbitrator'. The results of this strategy differed in practice from the authorities’ original intentions. The new institutions invigorated Russian political life, introduced norms that challenged centuries-old customs and traditions, and fostered a nascent civil society, allowing Russia to follow the basic trajectory of Western European socio-political development.

Abolition of Serfdom in Russia

1762-1907

Author: David Moon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317886151

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 6709

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In February 1861 Tsar Alexander II issued the statutes abolishing the institution of serfdom in Russia. The procedures set in motion by Alexander II undid the ties that bound together 22 million serfs and 100,000 noble estate owners, and changed the face of Russia. Rather than presenting abolition as an 'event' that happened in February 1861, The Abolition of Serfdom in Russia presents the reform as a process. It traces the origins of the abolition of serfdom back to reforms in related areas in 1762 and forward to the culmination of the process in 1907. Written in an engaging and accessible manner, the book shows how the reform process linked the old social, economic and political order of eighteenth-century Russia with the radical transformations of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that culminated in revolution in 1917.

Lord and Peasant in Russia

From the Ninth to the Nineteenth Century

Author: Jerome Blum

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691007649

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 4832

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Study of the relationship between lord and peasant from the 9th to the 19th centuries, told against a background of Russian political and economic evolution.

Serfdom, Society, and the Arts in Imperial Russia

The Pleasure and the Power

Author: Richard Stites

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300128185

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 6259

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Serf-era and provincial Russia heralded the spectacular turn in cultural history that began in the 1860s. Examining the role of arts and artists in society’s value system, Richard Stites explores this shift in a groundbreaking history of visual and performing arts in the last decades of serfdom. Provincial town and manor house engaged the culture of Moscow and St. Petersburg while thousands of serfs and ex-serfs created or performed. Mikhail Glinka raised Russian music to new levels and Anton Rubinstein struggled to found a conservatory. Long before the itinerants, painters explored town and country in genre scenes of everyday life. Serf actors on loan from their masters brought naturalistic acting from provincial theaters to the imperial stages. Stites’s richly detailed book offers new perspectives on the origins of Russia’s nineteenth-century artistic prowess.

Alexander II

The Last Great Tsar

Author: Edvard Radzinsky,Antonina Bouis

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743284267

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 480

View: 8927

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Profiles the Romanov Dynasty tsar as one of Russia's most forward-thinking rulers, documenting his efforts to redefine history by bringing freedom to his country, the use of terrorist bombings by the radicals that lived during his regime, and the series of assassination attempts that eventually ended his life. By the author of The Last Tsar. Reprint. 35,000 first printing.

Dead Souls

Author: Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol

Publisher: D.J. Hogarth

ISBN: 1632090651

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 9936

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Trajectory presents classics of world literature with 21st century features! Our original-text editions include the following visual enhancements to foster a deeper understanding of the work: Word Clouds at the start of each chapter highlight important words. Word, sentence, paragraph counts, and reading time help readers and teachers determine chapter complexity. Co-occurrence graphs depict character-to-character interactions as well character to place interactions. Sentiment indexes identify positive and negative trends in mood within each chapter. Frequency graphs help display the impact this book has had on popular culture since its original date of publication. Use Trajectory analytics to deepen comprehension, to provide a focus for discussions and writing assignments, and to engage new readers with some of the greatest stories ever told. Dead Souls is a novel by Nikolai Gogol, first published in 1842, and widely regarded as an exemplar of 19th-century Russian literature. The purpose of the novel was to demonstrate the flaws and faults of the Russian mentality and character. Gogol masterfully portrayed those defects through Chichikov and the people who he encounters in his endeavours. These people are typical of the Russian middle-class of the time. Gogol himself saw it as an "epic poem in prose", and within the book as a "novel in verse". Despite supposedly completing the trilogy's second part, Gogol destroyed it shortly before his death. Although the novel ends in mid-sentence, it is usually regarded as complete in the extant form.

Alexander II and the Modernization of Russia

Author: Werner Eugen Mosse

Publisher: Tauris Academic Studies

ISBN: 9781850435129

Category: Russia

Page: 191

View: 7382

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This work tells the story of the reforming Tsar who modernized Russia after her defeat in the Crimean War. Few spheres of Russian life were untouched by his reforms. In the face of bitter opposition, he liberated millions of serfs and secured their endowment with land. He reformed the Russian courts, created institutions of local self-government, and promoted railway construction and economic development. Both as a westernizer and as the father of its Industrial Revolution, Alexander II ranks high among the makers of modern Russia.

Village Life in Late Tsarist Russia

Author: Olga Semyonova Tian-Shanskaia,Olʹga Petrovna Semenova Tjan-Šanskaja,Michael K. Levine

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253347978

Category: History

Page: 175

View: 5548

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ò . . . a marvelous source for the social history of Russian peasant society in the years before the revolution. . . . The translation is superb.Ó ÑSteven Hoch Ò . . . one of the best ethnographic portraits that we have of the Russian village. . . . a highly readable text that is an excellent introduction to the world of the Russian peasantry.Ó ÑSamuel C. Ramer Village Life in Late Tsarist Russia provides a unique firsthand portrait of peasant family life as recorded by Olga Semyonova Tian-Shanskaia, an ethnographer and painter who spent four years at the turn of the twentieth century observing the life and customs of villagers in a central Russian province. Unusual in its awareness of the rapid changes in the Russian village in the late nineteenth century and in its concentration on the treatment of women and children, SemyonovaÕs ethnography vividly describes courting rituals, marriage and sexual practices, childbirth, infanticide, child-rearing practices, the lives of women, food and drink, work habits, and the household economy. In contrast to a tradition of rosy, romanticized descriptions of peasant communities by Russian upper-class observers, Semyonova gives an unvarnished account of the harsh living conditions and often brutal relationships within peasant families.

A Life Under Russian Serfdom

The Memoirs of Savva Dmitrievich Purlevskii, 1800-1868

Author: Savva Dmitrievich Purlevskii

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789637326158

Category: History

Page: 119

View: 9703

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"Gorshkov's introduction provides some basic knowledge about Russian serfdom and draws upon the most recent scholarship. Notes provide references and general information about events, places and people mentioned in the memoirs."--Jacket.

Europe

The Struggle for Supremacy, 1453 to the Present

Author: Brendan Simms

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 1846147255

Category: History

Page: 800

View: 5358

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Half a millennium of European warfare brilliantly retold by masterly historian Brendan Simms At the heart of Europe's history lies a puzzle. In most of the world humankind has created enormous political frameworks, whether ancient (such as China) or modern (such as the United States). Sprawling empires, kingdoms or republics appear to be the norm. By contrast Europe has remained stubbornly chaotic and fractured into often amazingly tiny pieces, with each serious attempt to unify the continent (by Charles V, Napoleon and Hitler) thwarted. In this marvelously ambitious and exciting new book, Brendan Simms tells the story of Europe's constantly shifting geopolitics and the peculiar circumstances that have made it both so impossible to dominate, but also so dynamic and ferocious. It is the story of a group of highly competitive and mutually suspicious dynasties, but also of a continent uniquely prone to interference from 'semi-detached' elements, such as Russia, the Ottoman Empire, Britain and (just as centrally to Simms' argument) the United States. Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy will become the standard work on this crucial subject - and an extremely enjoyable one. Reviews: 'This is a brilliant and beautifully written history. From the Holy Roman Empire to the Euro, Brendan Simms shows that one of the constant preoccupations of Europeans has always been the geography, the power and the needs of Germany. Europe is a work of extraordinary scholarship delivered with the lightest of touches. It will be essential, absorbing reading for anyone trying to understand both the past and the present of one of the most productive and most dangerous continents on earth' William Shawcross 'World history is German history, and German history is world history.This is the powerful case made by this gifted historian of Europe, whose expansive erudition revives the proud tradition of the history of geopolitics, and whose immanent moral sensibility reminds us that human choices made in Berlin (and London) today about the future of Europe might be decisive for the future of the world' Timothy Snyder (author of Bloodlands) About the author: Brendan Simms is Professor of the History of International Relations at the University of Cambridge. His major books include Unfinest Hour: Britain and the Destruction of Bosnia (shortlisted for the Samuel Johnson Prize) and Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire.

The Fragile Empire

A History of Imperial Russia

Author: Alexander Chubarov

Publisher: Continuum International Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780826413086

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 1960

DOWNLOAD NOW »
"It gloried in being a "people's autocracy" at a time when the regime was increasingly detached from its people. The empire of the tsars was becoming ever more vulnerable until it was shattered to pieces in the turmoil of war and revolution. Using the most recent Russian and Western research, the book provides the reader with a good historical basis on which to judge Russia's Soviet experience and her current transition to democracy."--BOOK JACKET.

The Great Reforms

Autocracy, Bureaucracy, and the Politics of Change in Imperial Russia

Author: W. Bruce Lincoln

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780875805498

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 1551

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Great Reforms of the 1860s marked the broadest attempt at social and economic renovation to occur in Russia between the death of Peter the Great in 1725 and the Revolution of 1905. In just more than a decade, imperial reform acts freed Russia's serfs, restructured her courts, established institutions of local self-government in parts of the empire, altered the constraints that censorship imposed on the press, and transformed Russia's vast serf armed forces into a citizen army in which men from all classes bore equal responsibility for military service. This invaluable study explains why the legislation assumed the shape that it did and estimates what the Great Reforms ultimately accomplished. The Great Reforms offered readers a vital starting point from which to evaluate the prospects for glasnost', perestroika, and reform in the Gorbachev era.

Life on the Russian Country Estate

A Social and Cultural History

Author: Priscilla R. Roosevelt

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300072627

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 3278

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This lavishly illustrated book is the first in any language to explore fully the vanished world of the Russian country estate. Russian studies scholar Priscilla Roosevelt brings to life these magnificent aristocratic dwellings, discussing their origins, design, and decoration; the social, family, and cultural life within their walls; and their demise after the 1917 revolution. 72 color & 158 b&w illustrations.

States and Social Revolutions

A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China

Author: Theda Skocpol

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316453944

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2158

DOWNLOAD NOW »
State structures, international forces, and class relations: Theda Skocpol shows how all three combine to explain the origins and accomplishments of social-revolutionary transformations. Social revolutions have been rare but undeniably of enormous importance in modern world history. States and Social Revolutions provides a new frame of reference for analyzing the causes, the conflicts, and the outcomes of such revolutions. It develops a rigorous, comparative historical analysis of three major cases: the French Revolution of 1787 through the early 1800s, the Russian Revolution of 1917 through the 1930s, and the Chinese Revolution of 1911 through the 1960s. Believing that existing theories of revolution, both Marxist and non-Marxist, are inadequate to explain the actual historical patterns of revolutions, Skocpol urges us to adopt fresh perspectives. Above all, she maintains that states conceived as administrative and coercive organizations potentially autonomous from class controls and interests must be made central to explanations of revolutions.

Russia and the Russians

A History

Author: Geoffrey A. Hosking

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674004733

Category: History

Page: 718

View: 2378

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Chronicles the history of the Russian Empire from the Mongol Invasion, through the Bolshevik Revolution, to the aftereffects of the Cold War.

Empires Apart: A History of American and Russian Imperialism

Author: Brian Landers

Publisher: Pegasus Books

ISBN: 1681770202

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 4188

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A fresh, commanding, and thought-provoking narrative history of the competing Russian and American empires. The American road to empire started when the first English settlers landed in Virginia. Simultaneously, the first Russians crossed the Urals and the two empires that would dominate the twentieth century were born. Empires Apart covers the history of the Americans and Russians from the Vikings to the present day. It shows the two empires developed in parallel as they expanded to the Pacific and launched wars against the nations around them. They both developed an imperial 'ideology' that was central to the way they perceived themselves. Soon after, the ideology of the Russian Empire also changed with the advent of Communism. The key argument of this book is that these changes did not alter the core imperial values of either nation; both Russians and Americans continued to believe in their manifest destiny. Corporatist and Communist imperialism changed only the mechanics of empire. Both nations have shown that they are still willing to use military force and clandestine intrigue to enforce imperial control. Uniquely, Landers shows how the broad sweep of American history follows a consistent path from the first settlers to the present day and, by comparing this with Russia's imperial path, demonstrates the true nature of American global ambitions.