Dynamical Systems IV

Symplectic Geometry and its Applications

Author: S.P. Novikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662067935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

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This book takes a snapshot of the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum mechanics from a contemporary mathematical viewpoint. It covers a number of important recent developments in dynamical systems and mathematical physics and places them in the framework of the more classical approaches; the presentation is enhanced by many illustrative examples concerning topics which have been of especial interest to workers in the field, and by sketches of the proofs of the major results. The comprehensive bibliographies are designed to permit the interested reader to retrace the major stages in the development of the field if he wishes. Not so much a detailed textbook for plodding students, this volume, like the others in the series, is intended to lead researchers in other fields and advanced students quickly to an understanding of the 'state of the art' in this area of mathematics. As such it will serve both as a basic reference work on important areas of mathematical physics as they stand today, and as a good starting point for further, more detailed study for people new to this field.

Dynamical Systems IV

Symplectic Geometry and Its Applications

Author: V. I. Arnold (ed. lit),S.P. Novikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540626350

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 7401

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From the reviews of the first edition: "... In general the articles ... are well written in a style that enables one to grasp the ideas. The actual style is a readable mix of the important results, outlines of proofs and complete proofs when it does not take too long together with readable explanations of what is going on. Also very useful are the large lists of references which are important not only for their mathematical content but also because the references given also contain articles in the Soviet literature which may not be familiar or possibly accessible to readers." New Zealand Math. Soc. Newsletter 1991 "... Here ... a wealth of material is displayed for us, too much to even indicate in a review. ... Your reviewer was very impressed by the contents of both volumes (EMS 2 and 4), recommending them without any restriction. As far as he could judge, most presentations seem fairly complete..." Mededelingen van het Wiskundig genootshap 1992

Mathematical Physics: Classical Mechanics

Author: Andreas Knauf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662557746

Category: Science

Page: 683

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As a limit theory of quantum mechanics, classical dynamics comprises a large variety of phenomena, from computable (integrable) to chaotic (mixing) behavior. This book presents the KAM (Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser) theory and asymptotic completeness in classical scattering. Including a wealth of fascinating examples in physics, it offers not only an excellent selection of basic topics, but also an introduction to a number of current areas of research in the field of classical mechanics. Thanks to the didactic structure and concise appendices, the presentation is self-contained and requires only knowledge of the basic courses in mathematics. The book addresses the needs of graduate and senior undergraduate students in mathematics and physics, and of researchers interested in approaching classical mechanics from a modern point of view.

Differential Geometrical Theory of Statistics

Author: Frédéric Barbaresco,Frank Nielsen

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038424242

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 8876

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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Differential Geometrical Theory of Statistics" that was published in Entropy

Algebraic Geometry II

Cohomology of Algebraic Varieties. Algebraic Surfaces

Author: I.R. Shafarevich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540546801

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 8444

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This two-part volume contains numerous examples and insights on various topics. The authors have taken pains to present the material rigorously and coherently. This book will be immensely useful to mathematicians and graduate students working in algebraic geometry, arithmetic algebraic geometry, complex analysis and related fields.

Some Nonlinear Problems in Riemannian Geometry

Author: Thierry Aubin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662130068

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

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This book deals with such important subjects as variational methods, the continuity method, parabolic equations on fiber bundles, ideas concerning points of concentration, blowing-up technique, geometric and topological methods. It explores important geometric problems that are of interest to many mathematicians and scientists but have only recently been partially solved.

A Survey on Classical Minimal Surface Theory

Author: William Meeks,Joaquín Pérez

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821869124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 182

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Meeks and Perez present a survey of recent spectacular successes in classical minimal surface theory. The classification of minimal planar domains in three-dimensional Euclidean space provides the focus of the account. The proof of the classification depends on the work of many currently active leading mathematicians, thus making contact with much of the most important results in the field. Through the telling of the story of the classification of minimal planar domains, the general mathematician may catch a glimpse of the intrinsic beauty of this theory and the authors' perspective of what is happening at this historical moment in a very classical subject. This book includes an updated tour through some of the recent advances in the theory, such as Colding-Minicozzi theory, minimal laminations, the ordering theorem for the space of ends, conformal structure of minimal surfaces, minimal annular ends with infinite total curvature, the embedded Calabi-Yau problem, local pictures on the scale of curvature and topology, the local removable singularity theorem, embedded minimal surfaces of finite genus, topological classification of minimal surfaces, uniqueness of Scherk singly periodic minimal surfaces, and outstanding problems and conjectures.

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics

Author: V.I. Arnol'd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475720637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

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This book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.

Cluster Algebras and Poisson Geometry

Author: Michael Gekhtman,Michael Shapiro,Alek Vainshtein

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821849727

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

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Cluster algebras, introduced by Fomin and Zelevinsky in 2001, are commutative rings with unit and no zero divisors equipped with a distinguished family of generators (cluster variables) grouped in overlapping subsets (clusters) of the same cardinality (the rank of the cluster algebra) connected by exchange relations. Examples of cluster algebras include coordinate rings of many algebraic varieties that play a prominent role in representation theory, invariant theory, the study of total positivity, etc. The theory of cluster algebras has witnessed a spectacular growth, first and foremost due to the many links to a wide range of subjects including representation theory, discrete dynamical systems, Teichmuller theory, and commutative and non-commutative algebraic geometry. This book is the first devoted to cluster algebras. After presenting the necessary introductory material about Poisson geometry and Schubert varieties in the first two chapters, the authors introduce cluster algebras and prove their main properties in Chapter 3. This chapter can be viewed as a primer on the theory of cluster algebras. In the remaining chapters, the emphasis is made on geometric aspects of the cluster algebra theory, in particular on its relations to Poisson geometry and to the theory of integrable systems.

Singularity Theory I

Author: V.I. Arnold,V.V. Goryunov,O.V. Lyashko,V.A. Vasil'ev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642580092

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

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This is a compact guide to the principles and main applications of Singularity Theory by one of the world’s top research groups. It includes a number of new results as well as a carefully prepared and extensive bibliography that makes it easy to find the necessary details. It’s ideal for any mathematician or physicist interested in modern mathematical analysis.

Dynamical Systems VII

Integrable Systems Nonholonomic Dynamical Systems

Author: V.I. Arnol'd,S.P. Novikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366206796X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 7139

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A collection of five surveys on dynamical systems, indispensable for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics. Written in the modern language of differential geometry, the book covers all the new differential geometric and Lie-algebraic methods currently used in the theory of integrable systems.

Dynamical Systems IX

Dynamical Systems with Hyperbolic Behaviour

Author: D.V. Anosov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662031728

Category: Mathematics

Page: 236

View: 2822

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This volume is devoted to the "hyperbolic theory" of dynamical systems (DS), that is, the theory of smooth DS's with hyperbolic behaviour of the tra jectories (generally speaking, not the individual trajectories, but trajectories filling out more or less "significant" subsets in the phase space. Hyperbolicity the property that under a small displacement of any of a trajectory consists in point of it to one side of the trajectory, the change with time of the relative positions of the original and displaced points resulting from the action of the DS is reminiscent of the mot ion next to a saddle. If there are "sufficiently many" such trajectories and the phase space is compact, then although they "tend to diverge from one another" as it were, they "have nowhere to go" and their behaviour acquires a complicated intricate character. (In the physical literature one often talks about "chaos" in such situations. ) This type of be haviour would appear to be the opposite of the more customary and simple type of behaviour characterized by its own kind of stability and regularity of the motions (these words are for the moment not being used as a strict ter 1 minology but rather as descriptive informal terms). The ergodic properties of DS's with hyperbolic behaviour of trajectories (Bunimovich et al. 1985) have already been considered in Volume 2 of this series. In this volume we therefore consider mainly the properties of a topological character (see below 2 for further details).

Progress and Challenges in Dynamical Systems

Proceedings of the International Conference Dynamical Systems: 100 Years after Poincaré, September 2012, Gijón, Spain

Author: Santiago Ibáñez,Jesús S. Pérez del Río,Antonio Pumariño,J. Ángel Rodríguez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642388302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 411

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This book contains papers based on talks given at the International Conference Dynamical Systems: 100 years after Poincaré held at the University of Oviedo, Gijón in Spain, September 2012. It provides an overview of the state of the art in the study of dynamical systems. This book covers a broad range of topics, focusing on discrete and continuous dynamical systems, bifurcation theory, celestial mechanics, delay difference and differential equations, Hamiltonian systems and also the classic challenges in planar vector fields. It also details recent advances and new trends in the field, including applications to a wide range of disciplines such as biology, chemistry, physics and economics. The memory of Henri Poincaré, who laid the foundations of the subject, inspired this exploration of dynamical systems. In honor of this remarkable mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer and philosopher, the authors have made a special effort to place the reader at the frontiers of current knowledge in the discipline.

Dynamical Systems II

Ergodic Theory with Applications to Dynamical Systems and Statistical Mechanics

Author: Ya.G. Sinai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662067889

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

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Following the concept of the EMS series this volume sets out to familiarize the reader to the fundamental ideas and results of modern ergodic theory and to its applications to dynamical systems and statistical mechanics. The exposition starts from the basic of the subject, introducing ergodicity, mixing and entropy. Then the ergodic theory of smooth dynamical systems is presented - hyperbolic theory, billiards, one-dimensional systems and the elements of KAM theory. Numerous examples are presented carefully along with the ideas underlying the most important results. The last part of the book deals with the dynamical systems of statistical mechanics, and in particular with various kinetic equations. This book is compulsory reading for all mathematicians working in this field, or wanting to learn about it.

Recent Trends in Dynamical Systems

Proceedings of a Conference in Honor of Jürgen Scheurle

Author: Andreas Johann,Hans-Peter Kruse,Florian Rupp,Stephan Schmitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3034804512

Category: Mathematics

Page: 616

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This book presents the proceedings of a conference on dynamical systems held in honor of Jürgen Scheurle in January 2012. Through both original research papers and survey articles leading experts in the field offer overviews of the current state of the theory and its applications to mechanics and physics. In particular, the following aspects of the theory of dynamical systems are covered: - Stability and bifurcation - Geometric mechanics and control theory - Invariant manifolds, attractors and chaos - Fluid mechanics and elasticity - Perturbations and multiscale problems - Hamiltonian dynamics and KAM theory Researchers and graduate students in dynamical systems and related fields, including engineering, will benefit from the articles presented in this volume.

The Theory of Sprays and Finsler Spaces with Applications in Physics and Biology

Author: P.L. Antonelli,Roman S. Ingarden,M. Matsumoto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401581940

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 5597

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The present book has been written by two mathematicians and one physicist: a pure mathematician specializing in Finsler geometry (Makoto Matsumoto), one working in mathematical biology (Peter Antonelli), and a mathematical physicist specializing in information thermodynamics (Roman Ingarden). The main purpose of this book is to present the principles and methods of sprays (path spaces) and Finsler spaces together with examples of applications to physical and life sciences. It is our aim to write an introductory book on Finsler geometry and its applications at a fairly advanced level. It is intended especially for graduate students in pure mathemat ics, science and applied mathematics, but should be also of interest to those pure "Finslerists" who would like to see their subject applied. After more than 70 years of relatively slow development Finsler geometry is now a modern subject with a large body of theorems and techniques and has math ematical content comparable to any field of modern differential geometry. The time has come to say this in full voice, against those who have thought Finsler geometry, because of its computational complexity, is only of marginal interest and with prac tically no interesting applications. Contrary to these outdated fossilized opinions, we believe "the world is Finslerian" in a true sense and we will try to show this in our application in thermodynamics, optics, ecology, evolution and developmental biology. On the other hand, while the complexity of the subject has not disappeared, the modern bundle theoretic approach has increased greatly its understandability.

Dynamical Systems V

Bifurcation Theory and Catastrophe Theory

Author: V.I. Arnold,V.S. Afrajmovich,Yu.S. Il'yashenko,L.P. Shil'nikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642578845

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 923

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Bifurcation theory and catastrophe theory are two well-known areas within the field of dynamical systems. Both are studies of smooth systems, focusing on properties that seem to be manifestly non-smooth. Bifurcation theory is concerned with the sudden changes that occur in a system when one or more parameters are varied. Examples of such are familiar to students of differential equations, from phase portraits. Understanding the bifurcations of the differential equations that describe real physical systems provides important information about the behavior of the systems. Catastrophe theory became quite famous during the 1970's, mostly because of the sensation caused by the usually less than rigorous applications of its principal ideas to "hot topics", such as the characterization of personalities and the difference between a "genius" and a "maniac". Catastrophe theory is accurately described as singularity theory and its (genuine) applications. The authors of this book, previously published as Volume 5 of the Encyclopaedia, have given a masterly exposition of these two theories, with penetrating insight.

Strengthening the Linkages Between the Sciences and the Mathematical Sciences

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Strengthening the Linkages Between the Sciences and the Mathematical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309183628

Category: Mathematics

Page: 138

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Over three hundred years ago, Galileo is reported to have said, "The laws of nature are written in the language of mathematics." Often mathematics and science go hand in hand, with one helping develop and improve the other. Discoveries in science, for example, open up new advances in statistics, computer science, operations research, and pure and applied mathematics which in turn enabled new practical technologies and advanced entirely new frontiers of science. Despite the interdependency that exists between these two disciplines, cooperation and collaboration between mathematical scientists and scientists have only occurred by chance. To encourage new collaboration between the mathematical sciences and other fields and to sustain present collaboration, the National Research Council (NRC) formed a committee representing a broad cross-section of scientists from academia, federal government laboratories, and industry. The goal of the committee was to examine the mechanisms for strengthening interdisciplinary research between mathematical sciences and the sciences, with a strong focus on suggesting the most effective mechanisms of collaboration. Strengthening the Linkages Between the Sciences and the Mathematical Sciences provides the findings and recommendations of the committee as well as case studies of cross-discipline collaboration, the workshop agenda, and federal agencies that provide funding for such collaboration.