Democracy More or Less

Author: Bruce Cain

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107039630

Category: Law

Page: 262

View: 2866

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This book studies how American political reform efforts often fail because of the unrealistic ideal of a fully informed and engaged citizenry.

What Then Must We Do?

Straight Talk about the Next American Revolution

Author: Gar Alperovitz

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603584919

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 205

View: 6537

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Looks at the problems with America's current economic system offers a revolutionary way forward that the author claims is not corporate capitalism or state socialism, but rather a system that is uniquely American.

The Logic and Limits of Political Reform in China

Author: Joseph Fewsmith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139620428

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4942

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In the 1990s China embarked on a series of political reforms intended to increase, however modestly, political participation to reduce the abuse of power by local officials. Although there was initial progress, these reforms have largely stalled and, in many cases, gone backward. If there were sufficient incentives to inaugurate reform, why wasn't there enough momentum to continue and deepen them? This book approaches this question by looking at a number of promising reforms, understanding the incentives of officials at different levels, and the way the Chinese Communist Party operates at the local level. The short answer is that the sort of reforms necessary to make local officials more responsible to the citizens they govern cut too deeply into the organizational structure of the party.

Thinking about Political Reform

How to Fix, Or Not Fix, American Government and Politics

Author: John Johannes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199937998

Category: Administrative agencies

Page: 328

View: 6296

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Thinking About Political Reform: How to Fix, or Not Fix, American Government and Politics offers the most comprehensive and highly accessible analysis of reform proposals available. It treats both the causes and consequences of structural, procedural, and behavioral problems, assessing a wide variety of reform proposals from the perspectives of political science, economics, law, journalism, and politics. Author John R. Johannes places reform proposals in the context of seven key standards for sound democratic government. He applies those standards and an up-to-date review of the scholarly literature and current events to the reform agenda, suggesting several approaches to evaluate, for example, the tensions between Congress and the presidency, election systems, or political parties. Johannes reminds students that reforms in one area are bound to have consequences in others, thereby advocating a system-wide approach to reform and a wariness of ad hoc reforms prompted by political events.

Party in the Street

Author: Michael T. Heaney,Fabio Rojas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107085403

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 9972

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Party in the Street explores the interaction between political parties and social movements in the United States. Examining the collapse of the post-9/11 antiwar movement against the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, this book focuses on activism and protest in the United States. It argues that the electoral success of the Democratic Party and President Barack Obama, as well as antipathy toward President George W. Bush, played a greater role in this collapse than did changes in foreign policy. It shows that how people identify with social movements and political parties matters a great deal, and it considers the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street as comparison cases.

Fragile Democracies

Contested Power in the Era of Constitutional Courts

Author: Samuel Issacharoff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107038707

Category: Law

Page: 307

View: 4024

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This book examines how constitutional courts can support weak democratic states in the wake of societal division and authoritarian regimes.

Democracy Protests

Author: Dawn Brancati

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110713773X

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 4249

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This book presents a rich analysis of modern democracy protests globally, using qualitative and quantitative evidence to describe trends in causes and consequences.

Competitive Authoritarianism

Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War

Author: Steven Levitsky,Lucan A. Way

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491482

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Based on a detailed study of 35 cases in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and post-communist Eurasia, this book explores the fate of competitive authoritarian regimes between 1990 and 2008. It finds that where social, economic, and technocratic ties to the West were extensive, as in Eastern Europe and the Americas, the external cost of abuse led incumbents to cede power rather than crack down, which led to democratization. Where ties to the West were limited, external democratizing pressure was weaker and countries rarely democratized. In these cases, regime outcomes hinged on the character of state and ruling party organizations. Where incumbents possessed developed and cohesive coercive party structures, they could thwart opposition challenges, and competitive authoritarian regimes survived; where incumbents lacked such organizational tools, regimes were unstable but rarely democratized.

Stealth Democracy

Americans' Beliefs About How Government Should Work

Author: John R. Hibbing,Elizabeth Theiss-Morse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521009867

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 9912

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Examining how people want their democratic government to work, this study finds that Americans don't like many of the practices associated with democracy: the conflicts, the debates, the compromises. It finds that Americans don't want to have to see democracy in practice, nor do they want to be involved in politics. If American citizens had their way, political decisions would be made by unselfish decision-makers, lessening the need for monitoring government.

Patterns of Democracy

Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries

Author: Arend Lijphart

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300172028

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 8868

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In this updated and expanded edition of his classic text, Arend Lijphart offers a broader and deeper analysis of worldwide democratic institutions than ever before. Examining thirty-six democracies during the period from 1945 to 2010, Lijphart arrives at important—and unexpected—conclusions about what type of democracy works best. Praise for the previous edition: "Magnificent. . . . The best-researched book on democracy in the world today."—Malcolm Mackerras, American Review of Politics "I can't think of another scholar as well qualified as Lijphart to write a book of this kind. He has an amazing grasp of the relevant literature, and he's compiled an unmatched collection of data."—Robert A. Dahl, Yale University "This sound comparative research . . . will continue to be a standard in graduate and undergraduate courses in comparative politics."—Choice

Race, Reform, and Regulation of the Electoral Process

Recurring Puzzles in American Democracy

Author: Guy-Uriel E. Charles,Heather K. Gerken,Michael S. Kang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497200

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6302

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This book offers a critical re-evaluation of three fundamental and interlocking themes in American democracy: the relationship between race and politics, the performance and reform of election systems and the role of courts in regulating the political process. This edited volume features contributions from some of the leading voices in election law and social science. The authors address the recurring questions for American democracy and identify new challenges for the twenty-first century. They not only consider where current policy and scholarship are headed, but also suggest where they ought to go over the next two decades. The book thus provides intellectual guideposts for future scholarship and policy making in American democracy.

The Measure of American Elections

Author: Barry C. Burden,Charles Stewart, III

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107066670

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 4096

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This book brings leading scholars together to examine the performance of elections across the United States, using a data-driven perspective.

Political Order in Changing Societies

Author: Samuel P. Huntington

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300116205

Category: Political Science

Page: 488

View: 3664

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This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.

The Voting Wars

From Florida 2000 to the Next Election Meltdown

Author: Richard L. Hasen

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300184212

Category: Contested elections

Page: 256

View: 1203

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In 2000, just a few hundred votes out of millions cast in the state of Florida separated Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush from his Democratic opponent, Al Gore. The outcome of the election rested on Florida's 25 electoral votes, and legal wrangling continued for 36 days. Then, abruptly, one of the most controversial Supreme Court decisions in U.S. history, Bush v. Gore, cut short the battle. Since the Florida debacle we have witnessed a partisan war over election rules. Election litigation has skyrocketed, and election time brings out inevitable accusations by political partisans of voter fraud and voter suppression. These allegations have shaken public confidence, as campaigns deploy "armies of lawyers" and the partisan press revs up when elections are expected to be close and the stakes are high.

Fragile Democracies

Contested Power in the Era of Constitutional Courts

Author: Samuel Issacharoff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107038707

Category: Law

Page: 307

View: 5858

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This book examines how constitutional courts can support weak democratic states in the wake of societal division and authoritarian regimes.

The Making and Unmaking of Democracy

Lessons from History and World Politics

Author: Theodore K. Rabb,Ezra N. Suleiman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136704612

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 9135

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First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ballot Battles

The History of Disputed Elections in the United States

Author: Edward Foley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190235284

Category: Law

Page: 336

View: 8807

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The 2000 presidential race resulted in the highest-profile ballot battle in over a century. But it is far from the only American election determined by a handful of votes and marred by claims of fraud. Since the founding of the nation, violence frequently erupted as the votes were being counted, and more than a few elections produced manifestly unfair results. Despite America's claim to be the world's greatest democracy, its adherence to the basic tenets of democratic elections-the ability to count ballots accurately and fairly even when the stakes are high-has always been shaky. A rigged gubernatorial election in New York in 1792 nearly ended in calls for another revolution, and an 1899 gubernatorial race even resulted in an assassination. Though acts of violence have decreased in frequency over the past century, fairness and accuracy in ballot counting nonetheless remains a basic problem in American political life. In Ballot Battles, Edward Foley presents a sweeping history of election controversies in the United States, tracing how their evolution generated legal precedents that ultimately transformed how we determine who wins and who loses. While weaving a narrative spanning over two centuries, Foley repeatedly returns to an originating event: because the Founding Fathers despised parties and never envisioned the emergence of a party system, they wrote a constitution that did not provide clear solutions for high-stakes and highly-contested elections in which two parties could pool resources against one another. Moreover, in the American political system that actually developed, politicians are beholden to the parties which they represent - and elected officials have typically had an outsized say in determining the outcomes of extremely close elections that involve recounts. This underlying structural problem, more than anything else, explains why intense ballot battles that leave one side feeling aggrieved will continue to occur for the foreseeable future. American democracy has improved dramatically over the last two centuries. But the same cannot be said for the ways in which we determine who wins the very close races. From the founding until today, there has been little progress toward fixing the problem. Indeed, supporters of John Jay in 1792 and opponents of Lyndon Johnson in the 1948 Texas Senate race would find it easy to commiserate with Al Gore after the 2000 election. Ballot Battles is not only the first full chronicle of contested elections in the US. It also provides a powerful explanation of why the American election system has been-and remains-so ineffective at deciding the tightest races in a way that all sides will agree is fair.

Political Realism

How Hacks, Machines, Big Money, and Back-Room Deals Can Strengthen American Democracy

Author: Jonathan Rauch

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815727399

Category: Political Science

Page: 36

View: 1130

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A free eBook that asks hard questions about why politics once worked, and how today’s politics do not. What if idealistic reform itself is a culprit? In Political Realism, Jonathan Rauch argues that well-meaning efforts to stem corruption and increase participation have stripped political leaders and organizations of the tools they need to forge compromises and make them stick. Fortunately, he argues, much of the damage can be undone by rediscovering political realism. Instead of trying to drive private money away out of politics, how about channeling it to strengthen parties and leaders? Instead of doubling down on direct democracy, how about giving political professionals more influence over candidate nominations? Rauch shows how a new generation of realist thinkers is using timetested truths about politics and government to build reforms for our time. Rich with contrarian insights and fresh thinking, Political Realism is an eye-opening challenge to today’s conventional wisdom about what ails American government and politics.

Electoral Protest and Democracy in the Developing World

Author: Emily Beaulieu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107039681

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 9739

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This book is investigates elections and protest in developing countries, and what those protests mean for democracy. Unlike much work on elections and democracy, this book focuses on circumstances related to economic development, rather than political regime type. It also looks at incremental changes toward democracy and focuses on reforms, instead of major regime transitions like revolutions.