Criminology

Connecting Theory, Research and Practice

Author: Aida Y. Hass,Chris Moloney,William J. Chambliss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317497473

Category: Social Science

Page: 728

View: 6168

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Connections among theory, research, and practice are the heart and soul of criminology. This book offers a comprehensive and balanced introduction to criminology, demonstrating the value of understanding the relationships between criminological theory, research, and practice in the study of crime and criminal behavior. Utilising a range of case studies and thought-provoking features, it encourages students to think critically and provides a foundation for understanding criminology as a systematic, theoretically grounded science. It includes: A comprehensive overview of crime in American society, including the nature and meaning of crime and American criminal law as well as the scientific study of crime, A concise, straightforward, and practical approach to the study of the American criminal justice system and its various components, including individual chapters on police, courts, and corrections, An overview of criminological theory, including classical, biological, psychological and sociological approaches, A survey of typologies of criminological behavior including interpersonal violent crimes, property crime, public order crime, organized and white collar crime, state crime, environmental harm and cybercrime, Concluding thoughts exploring challenges facing criminal justice policy and the future of criminological theory. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and includes brand new chapters on corrections, courts, criminal law, law enforcement, and technology and cybercrime. It is packed with useful and instructive features such as themed boxed case studies in every chapter, critical thinking questions, lists of further reading, and links to e-resources. A companion website includes PowerPoint slides for lecturers, links to useful resources, and lists of further reading.

Criminology Connecting theory, research and practive

Sociology, Criminology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478457058

Category: Education

Page: 65

View: 2624

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Criminology Connecting theory, research and practive. In this book, you will learn topics such as How Much Crime IsThere?, Doing Criminology: Research andTheory, Crime as Rational Behavior: Classical and Rational ChoiceTheories, and BiologicalTheories: Crime Is in the Brain plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Adventure Therapy

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Michael A. Gass,Lee Gillis,Keith C. Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415892902

Category: Psychology

Page: 399

View: 6416

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The evolution and history of adventure therapy, as chronicled in the second chapter of this book, well demonstrates how far this field has evolved from a “divergent therapy” into an efficacious form of therapy that engages clients on cognitive, affective, and behavioral levels. Adventure Therapy is written by three professionals who have been at the forefront of the field since its infancy. The theory, techniques, research, and case studies they present are the cutting edge of this field. The authors focus on: • the theory substantiating adventure therapy • illustrations that exemplify best practices • the research validating the immediate as well as long-term effects of adventure therapy, when properly conducted. This book is the leading academic text, professional reference, and training resource for adventure therapy practices in the field of mental health. It is appropriate for a wide range of audiences, including beginner and experienced therapists, as well as graduate students.

The Psychology of Criminal Conduct

Theory, Research and Practice

Author: Ronald Blackburn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 7849

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Surveys the psychology of antisocial behavior. The latest developments in clinical psychology applied to forensic work and the problems of offenders are reviewed. Stresses clinical issues including individual problem-oriented, practical and role questions.

Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy

Author: Glenn D. Walters

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449688462

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 4361

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Surveys administered to high school students, studies carried out on jail and prison inmates, and interviews conducted with substance abusers undergoing treatment all point to the same conclusion: drugs and crime are strongly connected. Why they are connected is less well understood, however. Written for middle to upper-level undergraduate courses on drugs and crime or substance abuse and crime, this book examines the drug-crime connection in a systematic and comprehensive way. Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships covers the entire drug-crime spectrum, starting with a review of drug and crime terminology, classification, theory, and ending with policy implications for prevention, harm reduction, and macro-level management of the drug-crime problem. The opening chapters discuss drugs and crime separately for the purpose of setting the stage for later discussions on drug-crime relationships. As the book proceeds, the boundaries between drugs and crime blur, thus revealing the complex and intimate relationship that links these two behaviors. Drugs, Crime, and Their Relationships is divided into four sections. The first section offers an introduction and overview of theories on drugs, crime, and their relationships. The second section explores the relevant research on the biological, psychological, sociological, and static/situational correlates of drug-crime relationships. The third section considers the practical implications of drug-crime connections for the criminal justice system, offender assessment, and treatment programming. The fourth and final section examines the policy implications of the drug-crime relationship in the form of prevention, harm reduction, and society’s response to drugs and drug-related crime. Students will enjoy the engaging writing style, instructors will welcome the logical manner in which the text is organized, and scholars will appreciate the comprehensiveness of coverage and the range of citations. Key Features: -Provides a step-by-step breakdown and synthesis of the drug-crime connection. -Organized logically so that a student first progresses through chapters that treat drugs and crime separately, gradually replaced by overlapping discussion of drugs and crime, up until the final section (policy) where the overlap is nearly complete. -Covers core topics, including the history of drugs and crime in America, theories of substance abuse, DSM-IV criteria for substance abuse, antisocial personality disorder, theories of crime, and neurotransmitters and drugs. Also includes discussions on important topics not commonly found in other texts including, meta-analysis, genetics of drug use and crime, drug diversion programs, Prison-based treatment programs for drug offenders, evidence-based intervention, harm reduction, Portuguese and Dutch experiments, and much more. -Pedagogical features: Chapter opening learning objectives and chapter ending summary and critical thinking questions. *List of key words in each chapter.

Introduction to Victimology

Contemporary Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Bonnie Fisher,John J. Sloan

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199322497

Category: Criminology

Page: 496

View: 5095

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With an author team led by Bonnie S. Fisher, one of the preeminent scholars in the field, Introduction to Victimology: Contemporary Theory, Research, and Practice is ideal for victimology survey courses at any level. This unique volume employs an integrated approach that focuses on theory, research, and practice. It covers a wide range of issues and also addresses unique topics such as victim decision making, fear of crime, and preventing victimization. FEATURES Incorporates relevant theory into the coverage of each key topic and connects the topics through theories that have developed over the past several decades Offers theoretical explanations for the causes and correlates of victimization, the reoccurrence of victimization, and domains of victimization Examines research across the main topics by discussing both classic and current studies Provides case studies and examples of victimology in practice, linking theory to practice and highlighting programs that have successfully addressed issues like prevention, mitigation of harm, and responses to victims and victimization Introduces students to current research in theory testing, discussing how accurate various theories have been shown to be "Spotlight on Theory," "Spotlight on Research," and "Spotlight on Policy" boxes offer in-depth looks at timely topics

American Corrections

Author: Delisi

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 1284167755

Category: Medical

Page: 478

View: 2177

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Beginning with sentencing and offender classification and proceeding to parole and reentry, American Corrections: Theory, Research, Policy, and Practice, Third Edition walks students through the entire correctional system and its processes and is the easy choice for undergraduate corrections courses. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Offender Supervision

New Directions in Theory, Research and Practice

Author: Fergus McNeill,Peter Raynor,Chris Trotter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136840079

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 5800

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This major new book brings together leading researchers in the field in order to describe and analyse internationally significant theoretical and empirical work on offender supervision, and to address the policy and practice implications of this work within and across jurisdictions. Arising out of the work of the international Collaboration of Researchers for the Effective Development of Offender Supervision (CREDOS), this book examines questions and issues that have arisen both within effectiveness research, and from research on desistance from offending. The book draws out the lessons that can be learned not just about ‘what works?’, but about how and why particular practices support desistance in specific jurisdictional, cultural and local contexts. Key themes addressed in this book include: New directions in theory and paradigms for practice Staff skills and effective offender supervision Different issues and challenges in improving offender supervision The role of families, ‘significant others’ and social networks Understanding and supporting compliance within supervision Exploring the social, political, organisational and historical contexts of offender supervision Offender Supervision will be essential reading for academics, undergraduate and postgraduate students, policy makers, managers and practitioners interested in offender supervision.

Sustaining Mobile Learning

Theory, research and practice

Author: Wan Ng,Therese M. Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131766079X

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 8885

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Mobile technologies are one of the fastest growing areas of technology in education. For learners, they offer an appealing opportunity to transcend teacher-defined knowledge and approaches by being able to access multiple, alternative sources of information anytime and anywhere. While the pace of engagement with and research into the educational applications of mobile technologies has picked up dramatically in the last decade, there is no consolidated view of how to sustain the practices or opportunities that are being explored. Sustainability is a complex but crucial issue in mobile learning as educational institutions are usually required to make substantial investments in mobile devices and associated technologies, time and training to initiate mobile learning programs. The complexity of sustainable mobile learning programs is further exacerbated by the fast pace of change of digital technologies, where with every change, new possibilities are opened up and investments required. In addition, educators are still attempting to reconcile institutions of formal education with informal mobile learning. The book addresses these issues, with a particular focus on: exploring the challenges surrounding the sustainability of mobile learning in K-12 and higher education investigating the importance of sustaining mobile learning for diverse populations of students globally discussing theoretical models for the sustainability of mobile learning providing the reader with strategies for sustaining mobile learning. Presenting new research alongside theoretical models and ideas for practice, the book will appeal to researchers, academics, and postgraduate students in the fields of education and mobile learning, as well as those working in teacher education.

Drama and Social Justice

Theory, research and practice in international contexts

Author: Kelly Freebody,Michael Finneran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317628772

Category: Drama

Page: 192

View: 6042

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"This text offers a cohesive framework for exploring social justice through drama and drama from a social justice perspective. Research based examples of practice from a range of international contexts link theory and practice. Connecting chapters raise key critical questions in an engaging dialogue format. An important addition to the literature on social justice education." - Lee Anne Bell, author Storytelling for Social Justice (2010) and co-editor of Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice (Routledge, 2007) Much has been written within the tradition of drama education and applied theatre around the premise that drama can be a force for change within both individual lives and society more broadly. However, little has been published in terms of charting the nature of this relationship. By combining theoretical, historical and practical perspectives, this book unpacks and explores drama’s intrinsically entwined relationship with society more comprehensively and critically. Chapters gather together and develop a range of theoretical understandings of social justice in applied drama in the first part of the book, which are then used to frame and inform more focused discussions of drama research and practice in the second. Contributors move beyond practical understandings of drama for empowerment or development in order to engage with the philosophy of praxis – the interconnected and symbiotic nature of theory derived from practice, and practice derived from theory. Including concrete examples from current research and practice in the field, the book opens up a conversation on and counter-narrative to perceptions of the nature and impact of applied theatre and drama education on social justice. Drama and Social Justice will be key reading for postgraduate students, academics, researchers and field-based practitioners in the areas of applied drama and theatre, education and youth work, and social justice and the social sciences.

Criminology

Author: Gennaro F. Vito,Jeffrey R. Maahs

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 1284108023

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 4035

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The fourth edition of best-selling Criminology: Theory, Research, and Policy discusses criminal behavior and explores the factors that contribute to crime as well as the social reactions to crime. The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

The Hidden Worldviews of Psychology’s Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Brent D. Slife,Kari A. O'Grady,Russell D. Kosits

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315283956

Category: Psychology

Page: 95

View: 6463

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By revealing underlying assumptions that influence the field of psychology, The Hidden Worldviews of Psychology’s Theory, Research, and Practice challenges psychologists to reconsider the origins of ideas they may take as psychological truths. Worldviews, or the systems of assumptions that provide a framework for psychological thinking, have great influence on psychological theory, research, and practice. This book attempts to correct assumptions by describing the worldviews that have shaped psychological theory, practice, and research and demonstrating how taking worldviews into account can greatly advance psychology as a whole.

Crime Linkage

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Jessica Woodhams,Craig Bennell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466506768

Category: Law

Page: 396

View: 2352

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The increasing portrayal of forensic investigative techniques in the popular media—CSI, for example, has resulted in criminals becoming "forensically aware" and more careful about leaving behind physical evidence at a crime scene. This presents law enforcement with a significant problem: how can they detect serial offenders if they cannot rely on physical forensic evidence? One solution comes from psychology. A growing body of research has amassed in the area of behavioral consistency and the detection of serial offenders. A number of innovations are taking place in the field that have important implications for the practice of crime linkage and its use by police and the courts. Crime Linkage: Theory, Research, and Practice assembles this research and discusses its practical use. Topics include: Theoretical explanations for how, when, and why we may (or may not) see similarities in a person’s crime scene behavior Consistency and distinctiveness in sexual offending An overview of crime linkage research conducted to date The use of crime linkage in the United Kingdom, South Africa, and the United States New directions for research and practice, including linking across crime types to expand the suspect pool The range of statistical methods used in research of crime linkage principles The book represents a collaboration of researchers and practitioners from across the globe who are recognized as experts in the area of behavioral consistency and detection of serial offenders. They provide a comprehensive and informative text on the psychological and criminological theories underpinning crime linkage, how it is used in practice, the challenges practitioners face, and current innovations that will shape the future of crime linkage research and practice. This book is in the Advances in Police Theory and Practice series.

The Psychology of Influence

Theory, research and practice

Author: Joop van der Pligt,Michael Vliek

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317212347

Category: Psychology

Page: 250

View: 7665

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Whether it’s our choice of a new car or what we think about our neighbours, our opinions and attitudes are a way of negotiating the world around us. The Psychology of Influence explores how these preferences and behaviours are influenced and affected by the messages we receive in daily life. From consumer choices to political, lifestyle and financial decisions, the book examines how and why we may be influenced by a range of sources, from written text and television to social media and interpersonal communication. In a field that has fascinated scholars since Plato, the book addresses the key questions across cognitive, social and emotional domains: When do arguments become persuasive? What influence do role models have? What role do simple rules of thumb, social norms or emotions play? Which behaviours are difficult to influence, and why? Covering topics from attraction, prejudice and discrimination to reward, punishment and unconscious bias, The Psychology of Influence will be invaluable reading for students and researchers across a range of areas within applied and social psychology, as well as those in political science, communications, marketing and business and management.

Promoting Spontaneous Use of Learning and Reasoning Strategies

Theory, Research, and Practice for Effective Transfer

Author: Emmanuel Manalo,Yuri Uesaka,Clark A. Chinn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317190289

Category: Education

Page: 342

View: 2240

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In this book, scholars from around the world develop viable answers to the question of how it may be possible to promote students’ spontaneity in the use of learning and reasoning strategies. They combine their expertise to put forward new theories and models for understanding the underlying mechanisms; provide details of new research to address pertinent questions and problems; and describe classroom practices that have proven successful in promoting spontaneous strategy use. This book is a must for educators and researchers who truly care that schooling should cultivate learning and reasoning strategies in students that would prepare and serve them for life. A seminal resource, this book will address the basic problem that many educators are well acquainted with: that students can learn how to effectively use learning and reasoning strategies but not use them of their own volition or in settings other than the one in which they learned the strategies.

Cultural Perspectives on Youth Justice

Connecting Theory, Policy and International Practice

Author: Elaine Arnull,Darrell Fox

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137433973

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 3558

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Young people, crime and delinquency are words that are commonly linked in public perception and young people are often blamed for social ills. Their deviancy and threat to social control has been held to be a social fact from Plato to today. This book subjects that ‘fact’ to critical examination through consideration of youth justice systems in six different countries, drawing on sociological and criminological analysis as well as expert practitioner opinion. This book's comparative, cultural approach allows for consideration of the impact of new and emergent systems of communication and discourse and considers how these may impact future constructions of delinquency at a local and global level. Understanding changing constructions of delinquency, the systems and responses we already have and their strengths and weaknesses enables critique about what we do and what we know, and allows us to imagine how it might be otherwise.

Epidemiological Criminology

Theory to Practice

Author: Eve Waltermaurer,Timothy A. Akers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136184910

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 9903

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Epidemiological criminology is an emerging paradigm which explores the public health outcomes associated with engagement in crime and criminal justice. This book engages with this new theory and practice-based discipline drawing on knowledge from criminology, criminal justice, public health, epidemiology, public policy, and law to illustrate how the merging of epidemiology into the field of criminology allows for the work of both disciplines to be more interdisciplinary, evidence-based, enriched and expansive. This book brings together an innovative group of exemplary researchers and practitioners to discuss applications and provide examples of epidemiological criminology. It is divided into three sections; the first explores the integration of epidemiology and criminology through theory and methods, the second section focuses on special populations in epidemiological criminology research and the role of race, ethnicity, age, gender and space as it plays out in health outcomes among offenders and victims of crime, and the final section explores the role policy and practice plays in worsening and improving the health outcomes among those engaged in the criminal justice system. Epidemiological Criminology is the first text to bring together, in one source, the existing interdisciplinary work of academics and professionals that merge the fields of criminology and criminal justice to public health and epidemiology. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of criminology, epidemiology, and public health, as well as clinical psychologists, law and government policy analysts and those working within the criminal justice system.

Applied Criminology

Author: Brian Stout,Joe Yates,Brian Williams

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206238

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 413

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This is the first book to cover comprehensively and accessibly the area of applied criminology. It draws together leading experts with experience of teaching, research and practice. Each chapter engages with the application of criminology in a particular area of the community and criminal justice system, and offers: An overview of the relationship between criminological theory and policy and practice developments. Critical reflection on whether criminology has been meaningfully engaged - paying particular attention to the contemporary issues and debates. Evaluation of the implications for diverse communities, paying particular attention to discrimination and oppression and criminal justice values. Summaries, case studies and further reading to support knowledge and understanding. The book is accompanied by a companion website to enhance the learning experience. This includes: Lecture notes Online readings Student exercises Case studies Useful links

Community Leadership Development

A Compendium of Theory, Research, and Application

Author: Mark A. Brennan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317980778

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5149

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The development of leadership capacities addresses a vital and continuing need in communities and organizations as they attempt to adapt to a wide range of social, economic, environmental, and political changes. Leadership development activities that focus on building new skills and fostering new ideas directly shape local and organizational capacity. At the organizational level, leadership is a valued resource as organizations are faced with challenges of limited resources, funding, and other capacities. Community leadership operates within a different domain; an environment with different dynamics, structures, and goals. Community leadership is distinctive in that leaders often do not have formal training or authority to dictate and facilitate change. Instead, community leaders must rely on informal networks of diverse citizens, each with a unique local capacity, as the basis for change. This book brings together classic and contemporary articles drawn from Community Development. Divided into two sections, the book begins with a range of seminal leadership theory and conceptualization pieces. These have been instrumental in shaping leadership development in a wide range of settings. Following the theory section, a variety of research and application chapters are presented. These chapters operationalize theory through applied research and programming, and provide replicable frameworks for future research and programs. This book is a compilation of articles published in the journal Community Development.

Crime and Criminal Justice in American Society

Second Edition

Author: Randall G. Shelden,William B. Brown,Karen S. Miller,Randal B. Fritzler

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478630140

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 2395

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Today’s headlines vividly illustrate the importance of understanding aspects of the criminal justice system too often ignored. While the second edition of Crime and Criminal Justice in American Society includes the most recent statistics on the police, courts, and corrections, its provocative, current examples also spur critical thinking about justice in the United States. The authors offer an alternative interpretation of criminal justice rarely presented in traditional textbooks or by the media. They encourage readers to examine their beliefs about crime, punishment, and the law. Discussions in the chapters about how African Americans, Hispanics, whites, women, juveniles, the rich, and the poor experience crime and the criminal justice system contribute context for understanding different viewpoints. The poor and minorities are the most likely to be caught in the net of criminal justice—but inequities have consequences for everyone. Reflection on various perspectives provides helpful input for assessing attitudes and for becoming actively involved with issues that have significant consequences. Eighteen thoroughly revised chapters present historical backgrounds, theories, and emerging issues. New to the second edition is a chapter on veterans involved in the criminal justice system. Affordable, succinct, and engaging, this textbook presents the key concepts of the criminal justice system at less than half the cost of many competing textbooks.