Compensation and Restitution in Investor-State Arbitration

Principles and Practice

Author: Borzu Sabahi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199601186

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1141

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This is a concise guide for lawyers, valuation experts, academics, and students of the remedies that foreign investors may seek in international investment disputes. It provides an overview of the legal rules applicable in such circumstances and numerous case studies to show how they are used.

Proportionality in Investor-State Arbitration

Author: Gebhard Bücheler

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198724330

Category: International commercial arbitration

Page: 368

View: 3992

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While international investment law is one of the most dynamic and thriving fields of international law, it is increasingly criticized for failing to strike a fair balance between private property rights and the public interest. Proportionality is a tool to resolve conflicts between competing rights and interests. This book assesses its current role, its potential, and its limits in investor-State arbitration. Proportionality is often lauded for reconciling colliding interests. This book identifies three factors arbitrators should consider before engaging in a proportionality analysis: the rule of law, the risk of judicial law-making, and the availability of a value system that guides the proportionality analysis. Apart from making suggestions when arbitrators should apply proportionality and when not to, the book outlines what States can do to recalibrate the balance between private property rights and the public interest if they wish to do so without dismantling the current system of investor-State arbitration. Proportionality in Investor-State Arbitration considers whether and to what extent the notion of general principles of law within the meaning of Article 38(1)(c) of the ICJ Statute and the concept of systemic integration enshrined in Article 31(3)(c) of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties provides a valid legal foundation for applying proportionality in investor-State arbitration.

Good Faith and International Economic Law

Author: Andrew D. Mitchell,M Sornarajah,Tania Voon

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191060364

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 9797

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The past two decades have seen a significant proliferation of trade and investment treaties around the world. States are increasingly negotiating agreements that regulate both trade and investment, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. The number of investor-state dispute settlement cases is rapidly accumulating each year, yet states' enthusiasm for investor-state arbitration has become more qualified as concern has intensified that the system can be abused by foreign investors. Good faith is therefore becoming increasingly important as a principle, particularly in the investment context, due to disputes about investor conduct such as corporate restructuring in order to gain the protection of a particular investment treaty regarding an existing or foreseeable dispute, and States' responses to public policy concerns through attempts to modify or terminate investment treaties in the face of ongoing or expected claims. Tribunals adjudicating investment disputes have used the principle of good faith in a haphazard and uncoordinated manner, causing serious problems of uncertainty and inconsistency. In response to these developments, this book contains the first comprehensive and integrated analysis of the treatment of good faith in international investment law, noting the broader implications of good faith in public international law and international trade law.

The Political Economy of the Investment Treaty Regime

Author: Jonathan Bonnitcha,Lauge N. Skovgaard Poulsen,Michael Waibel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019871954X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 7154

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Investment treaties are some of the most controversial but least understood instruments of global economic governance. Public interest in international investment arbitration is growing and some developed and developing countries are beginning to revisit their investment treaty policies. The Political Economy of the Investment Treaty Regime synthesises and advances the growing literature on this subject by integrating legal, economic, and political perspectives. Based on an analysis of the substantive and procedural rights conferred by investment treaties, it asks four basic questions. What are the costs and benefits of investment treaties for investors, states, and other stakeholders? Why did developed and developing countries sign the treaties? Why should private arbitrators be allowed to review public regulations passed by states? And what is the relationship between the investment treaty regime and the broader regime complex that governs international investment? Through a concise, but comprehensive, analysis, this book fills in some of the many "blind spots" of academics from different disciplines, and is the first port of call for lawyers, investors, policy-makers, and stakeholders trying to make sense of these critical instruments governing investor-state relations.

Human Rights in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Author: Pierre-Marie Dupuy,Francesco Francioni,Ernst-Ulrich Petersmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199578184

Category: Law

Page: 597

View: 367

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There is a growing interplay between international investment law, arbitration and human rights. This book offers a systematic analysis of this interaction, exploring the role of principles of justice in investment law, comparing investment arbitration with other courts, and examining case studies on human rights.

An Introduction to International Investment Law

Author: David Collins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131686748X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4734

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This insightful and accessible introduction provides students and practitioners with a comprehensive overview of the increasingly important discipline of international investment law. Focusing primarily on the legal principles contained in the growing body of international investment agreements, this book covers the core concepts of the discipline with attention given to their relation to each other and to the manner in which they have been developed through arbitration case law. The context of each legal principle is explored along with a consideration of some of the major debates and emerging criticisms. Avoiding extensive case extracts, this book adopts an engaging and succinct narrative style which allows readers to advance their understanding of the topic while examining the legal principles with academic rigour and discerning commentary.

Domestic Law in International Investment Arbitration

Author: Jarrod Hepburn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191088684

Category: Law

Page: 305

View: 9536

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Although domestic law plays an important role in investment treaty arbitration, this issue is little discussed or analysed. When should investment treaty tribunals engage with domestic law? How should investment treaty tribunals resolve matters of domestic law? These questions have significant ramifications for both the legitimacy of the investment treaty system and the arbitral mandate of the tribunal members. Drawing on case law, international law principles, and comparative analysis, this book addresses these important issues. Part I of the book examines three areas of investment law-the 'fair and equitable treatment' standard, expropriation, and remedies-in which the role of domestic law has so far been under-appreciated. It argues that tribunals are justified in drawing on domestic law as a relevant factor in their rulings on these three issues. Part II of the book examines how questions of domestic law should be resolved in investment arbitration. It proposes a normative framework for use by tribunals in ascertaining the contents of the domestic law to be applied. It then considers counter-arguments, exemptions, and exceptions to applying this framework, and it evaluates how tribunals have ruled on questions of domestic law to date. Investment treaty arbitration has endured much criticism in recent times, partly over fears of its encroachment on sovereignty. The book ultimately contends that closer attention by tribunals to one of the principal expressions of a state's sovereignty-the elaboration of its domestic law-will reduce criticism of the field.

Treaty Shopping in International Investment Law

Author: Jorun Baumgartner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198787111

Category:

Page: 352

View: 7945

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Treaty shopping, also known under the terms of nationality planning, corporate (re-)structuring or corporate maneuvering, implies a strategic change of nationality or strategic invocation of another nationality with the aim of accessing another (usually more favourable) investment treaty for purposes of investment arbitration. When deciding on whether an investment claim based on treaty shopping should be upheld or dismissed, investment arbitral tribunals have been increasingly faced with significant questions, such as: What is treaty shopping and how may legitimate nationality planning be distinguished from treaty abuse in international investment law? Should a claimant that is controlled by a host-State national be considered a protected investor, or should tribunals pierce its corporate veil? Does an investor have to make the investment in good faith, and does it have to make a contribution of its own to the investment it is claiming protection for? When does a corporate restructuring constitute an abuse of process, and which is the role of the notion of dispute in this respect? How efficient are denial of benefits clauses to counter treaty shopping? Treaty Shopping in International Investment Law examines in a systematic manner the practice of treaty shopping in international investment law and arbitral decisions that have undertaken to draw this line. While some legal approaches taken by arbitral tribunals have started to consolidate, others remain unsettled, painting a picture of an overall inconsistent jurisprudence. This is hardly surprising, given the thousands of international investment agreements that provide for the investor's right to sue the host State on grounds of alleged breaches of investment obligations. This book analyses and discusses the different ways by which arbitral tribunals have dealt with the value judgment at the core of the distinction between objectionable and unobjectionable treaty shopping, and makes proposals de lege ferenda on how States could reform their international investment agreements (in particular with respect to treaty drafting) in order to make them less susceptible to the practice of treaty shopping.

Contracting with Sovereignty

State Contracts and International Arbitration

Author: Ivar Alvik

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316220

Category: Law

Page: 346

View: 5742

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The application of international law to state contracts with foreign private companies was the cause of continuing controversy throughout much of the twentieth century. State contractual undertakings with foreign investors raise a number of legal issues that do not fit well into the traditional pattern of international law as a law between states, but which also cannot be satisfactorily resolved by the exclusive application of the municipal law of the contracting state. In recent years the controversy has gained new prominence as a result of the advent of a new form of international dispute settlement, namely the mechanism of investment treaty arbitration. The main feature of this model of dispute resolution is that foreign investors are entitled to bring claims against states directly before international arbitral tribunals. This model, which emerged strongly in the late 1990s, has generated a rapidly expanding body of arbitral case law and in the process become one of the most significant new developments in modern international law. Many of the disputes subject to investment treaty arbitration have their origin in contractual commitments made by states toward foreign investors. At the same time international commercial arbitration continues to be the preferred means of dispute resolution in contracts between foreign investors and states or state entities. This book explores how contract claims against states are dealt with in the two parallel processes of treaty-based and contract-based arbitration. The book charts the development of commercial arbitration into an international legal remedy in this field, discusses the theoretical problems which it creates for international law, and outlines the most significant substantive features of the international law applicable to contract claims as developed by arbitral tribunals on the basis of treaty standards and customary law.

The Future of International Economic Law

Author: William J. Davey,John Howard Jackson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199551138

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 2141

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This book comprises fifteen specially commissioned contributions from the Editorial Board of the Journal of International Economic Law in celebration of the Journal's tenth anniversary. They were originally published as the third issue of volume 10 of the journal in September 2007.

Shifting Paradigms in International Investment Law

More Balanced, Less Isolated, Increasingly Diversified

Author: Steffen Hindelang,Markus Krajewski

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191058289

Category: Law

Page: 430

View: 4514

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International investment law is in transition. Whereas the prevailing mindset has always been the protection of the economic interests of individual investors, new developments in international investment law have brought about a paradigm shift. There is now more than ever before an interest in a more inclusive, transparent, and public regime. Shifting Paradigms in International Investment Law addresses these changes against the background of the UNCTAD framework to reform investment treaties. The book analyses how the investment treaty regime has changed and how it ought to be changing to reconcile private property interests and the state's duty to regulate in the public interest. In doing so, the volume tracks attempts in international investment law to recalibrate itself towards a more balanced, less isolated, and increasingly diversified regime. The individual chapters of this edited volume address the contents of investment agreements, the system of dispute settlement, the interrelation of investment agreements with other areas of public international law, constitutional questions, and new regional perspectives from Europe, South Africa, the Pacific Rim Region, and Latin America. Together they provide an invaluable resource for scholars, practitioners, and policymakers. The individual chapters of this edited volume address the contents of investment agreements, the system of dispute settlement, the interrelation of investment agreements with other areas of public international law, constitutional questions, and new regional perspectives from Europe, South Africa, the Pacific Rim Region, and Latin America. Together they provide an invaluable resource for scholars, practitioners, and policymakers.

International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations

Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Author: Panagiotis Delimatsis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199533156

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 335

View: 310

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This book examines the regulation of services within the WTO. It examines the problem of reconciling a liberal system of trade in services with national governments' ability to protect social values through service regulation. The book analyses the existing legal framework and assesses the potential of ongoing trade negotiations.

Damages in International Investment Law

Author: Sergey Ripinsky,Kevin Williams

Publisher: BIICL

ISBN: 9781905221240

Category: Law

Page: 561

View: 6112

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The past two decades have seen a rising wave of investor-State arbitrations, which pose important questions in international law. This book addresses one of the least understood and most unpredictable areas in that field - the assessment of damages. The book is a result of a two-year research project carried out at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, and it is the first to examine the subject in a systematic, comprehensive, and detailed manner. Damages in International Investment Law offers a much-needed, balanced assessment of the complicated and controversial issues arising in relation to compensation awards, putting special emphasis on the interpretation and application of international rules on damages by arbitral tribunals. In addition to careful analyses of the most recent investment treaty case law, other relevant practice - both international and national - is reviewed. Thorough, well-organized, and supplemented by analytical annexes, the book will be a valuable reference tool for legal professionals and a practical aide for constructing and resolving damages claims in investment arbitrations.

Interim and Emergency Relief in International Arbitration - International Law Institute Series on International Law, Arbitration and Practice

Author: Diora Ziyaeva,Ian A. Laird,Borzu Sabahi,Anne Marie Whitesell

Publisher: Juris Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1937518701

Category:

Page: 388

View: 3498

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Interim and Emergency Relief In International Arbitration is a compilation of papers authored by some of the world’s leading international arbitration practitioners. It addresses issues relating to obtaining interim measure orders, including the relevant applicable standards such as irreparable harm that various international courts and tribunals, under the ICSID, UNCITRAL, ICC, SCC, and some domestic law jurisdictions often apply. It also touches upon theoretical and practical issues involving compliance with and enforcement of interim measures in international arbitration. These issues naturally are raised in the context of an ongoing discourse where tribunals have different, at times imperfect tactics for encouraging compliance with their interim measures including drawing adverse inferences, issuing diplomatic statements against a sovereign stopping just short of ordering interim measures, splitting the sum of security for costs and allowing for reimbursement, and levying heavier damages against the non-complying party without changing the substantive aspects of the award. This book explores these methods and identifies the latest trends in this exciting area of international law. Interim and Emergency Relief In International Arbitration is intended for arbitrators, practicing attorneys, representatives of international arbitral institutions and academics, all of whom will find this book very useful. The compilation of papers and presentations in the book cover a number of jurisdictions including East Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North America.

Calculation of Compensation and Damages in International Investment Law

Author: Irmgard Marboe

Publisher: Oxford International Arbitrati

ISBN: 9780198749936

Category: Law

Page: 544

View: 4138

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Fully revised and updated from the successful first edition, this title analyses the practice of international courts and tribunals with regard to the valuation of investment claims against states, paying specific attention to the question of interest. This new edition incorporates new jurisprudence, updates existing cases, and includes a new section on immaterial damage. The new edition also contains extensive annexes devoted to ICSID cases and non-ICSID investment cases, as well as a table on methods of valuation in international practice. This issue of valuation represents one of the most important aspects of international investment disputes. The parties involved have an obvious interest in an appropriate solution to the question of the quantum of damages. The sums involved are high and this is particularly true in the context of private foreign investment. With the increase in international investment both in the developing as well as the developed world, there is a growing need for a stable and predictable approach to quantum. This new edition meets the needs of foreign investors and host states by setting the issue of valuation on more solid ground. It provides an analysis of how international courts and tribunals have handled cases until now. The emphasis lies on the correct identification of the legal basis claim to inform the valuation method. The author concludes with suggestions and proposals as to how valuation should be handled by legal councils, experts, judges, and arbitrators in international judicial proceedings.

International Investment Law and Arbitration

Commentary, Awards and other Materials

Author: Chin Leng Lim,Jean Ho,Martins Paparinskis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316853039

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1389

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What was once a contested body of principles applied peripherally to the international settlement of expropriation disputes has been transformed and in its place now stands an important area of international disputes practice. International Investment Law and Arbitration offers a comprehensive introduction to the subject. Presenting the facts of daily legal practice and the largely unaltered aims of the subject alongside a broad selection of key awards and original materials, historical developments are discussed in the context of the changing directions in the arbitral jurisprudence and current treaty and arbitration reform debate. Key features: accessible and engaging commentary integrated throughout, end of chapter questions test reader understanding, further reading lists support and encourage exploration of the subject. Suitable for postgraduate law students studying modules on international investment arbitration, International Investment Law and Arbitration offers an indispensable introduction to the subject.

International Law in Financial Regulation and Monetary Affairs

Author: Thomas Cottier,John H. Jackson,Rosa M. Lastra

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199668191

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 455

View: 8273

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This is a must book to understand the field of international financial and monetary law. It presents a number of papers by a distinguished group of experts that analyse the emerging framework in international law that should govern financial institutions and markets on the one hand and monetary policies and monetary regulation on the other hand. The book deals with cross border issues and, given the importance of trade regulation and WTO law, they seek toestablish linkages and make comparisons wherever suitable.

Evidence in International Investment Arbitration

Author: Frederic G. Sourgens,Kabir Duggal,Ian A. Laird

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198753506

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 6405

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Evidence in International Investment Arbitration is a guide for practitioners representing a party in investment arbitration disputes, whilst also offering academics a perspective on the practical elements affecting the treatment of evidence in the area. The book is the first of its kind to systematically review the jurisprudence of investor-state tribunals on evidentiary matters and inductively establish the rules recognized in those decisions. It uses a comparative approach to demonstrate the points of commonality and uniformity in the transnational foundations of the law of evidence as it affects international investment arbitration, providing theoretical and practical guidance on the treatment of evidence at all stages of such disputes. The work establishes the rules of evidence as currently recognized by investor-state arbitral jurisprudence and examines these rules of evidence against those recognized in the traditional rules of international law, as well as against those codified by the IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration. It examines the theory and function of international investment law dispute resolution against which the role of evidence must be assessed; practical management of the evidence-gathering process in investment arbitration disputes; and what to anticipate as challenges in the gathering and pleading of evidence in these disputes. Chapters cover a broad range of evidence-based topics, including: burden and standard of proof, presumptions and inferences, witness and expert evidence, exclusionary rules including privileged and confidential documents, and annulment. Written by a small team of practitioners and academics who are expert in the field of international dispute resolution, this book is an essential comprehensive reference work for anyone working or studying in the field.

International Harmonization of Economic Regulation

Author: Junji Nakagawa

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199604665

Category: Law

Page: 391

View: 481

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With the advancing globalization of the world economy, domestic economic regulations are becoming more and more subject to efforts at international harmonization. This book presents an analysis of this worldwide phenomenon from both a legal and a politico-economic perspective by focusing on (1) the backgrounds and objectives of international harmonization, (2) the negotiating processes involved, and (3) the impact of harmonization on domestic laws and their administration. International harmonization is discussed in a wide range of cases including trade-related regulations, technical standards and food safety standards, intellectual property rights, labor standards, competition law and policy, financial regulations, and regulations concerning transnational economic crime. Drawing on a wide range of materials and applying a unified analytical framework based on theoretical as well as practical observations, the book surveys this much debated topic in a comprehensive and accessible way. It thus contributes to a better understanding of both the chances and the challenges of globalization and global governance today.