Commemoration as Conflict

Space, Memory and Identity in Peace Processes

Author: S. McDowell,M. Braniff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137314850

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 9968

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McDowell and Braniff explore the relationship between commemoration and conflict in societies which have engaged in peace processes, attempting to unpack the ways in which the practices of memory and commemoration influence efforts to bring armed conflict to an end and whether it can even reactivate conflict as political circumstances change.

Topographies of Memories

A New Poetics of Commemoration

Author: Anita Bakshi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319634623

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 4193

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This book explores new approaches towards developing memorial and heritage sites, moving beyond the critique of existing practices that have been the traditional focus of studies of commemoration. Offering understandings of the effects of conflict on memories of place, as manifested in everyday lives and official histories, it explores the formation of urban identities and constructed images of the city. Topographies of Memories suggests interdisciplinary approaches for creating commemorative sites with shared stakes. The first part of the book focuses on memory dynamics, the second on Nicosia, the divided capital of Cyprus, and the third on physical and material world interventions. Design practices and modes of engagement with places of memory are explored, making connections between theoretical explorations of memory and forgetting and practical strategies for designers and practitioners.

Conciliation on Colonial Frontiers

Conflict, Performance, and Commemoration in Australia and the Pacific Rim

Author: Kate Darian-Smith,Penelope Edmonds

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317800060

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7615

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Spanning the late 18th century to the present, this volume explores new directions in imperial and postcolonial histories of conciliation, performance, and conflict between European colonizers and Indigenous peoples in Australia and the Pacific Rim, including Aotearoa New Zealand, Hawaii and the Northwest Pacific Coast. It examines cultural "rituals" and objects; the re-enactments of various events and encounters of exchange, conciliation and diplomacy that occurred on colonial frontiers between non-Indigenous and Indigenous peoples; commemorations of historic events; and how the histories of colonial conflict and conciliation are politicized in nation-building and national identities.

Shared Society Or Benign Apartheid?

Understanding Peace-Building in Divided Societies

Author: John Nagle,Mary-Alice C. Clancy

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230240046

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 6734

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Existing orthodoxies concerning peace-building in violently divided societies are challenged in this innovative book. Integrating a vast range of original research, the book gives a holistic analysis of power sharing, social movements, economic regeneration, urban space, memorialization and the symbols associated with the process of transforming divided societies into shared peaceful ones. Providing a comprehensive overview of the bitter debates designed to promote a shared society, the authors posit critical suggestions as to why some projects are counter–productive, while others assist with peace–building. A clear understanding of what seems to work and fails in terms of creating a 'shared society' can help formulate a consistent model of best practice, public policy and democratic accountability for so–called 'divided societies'. Focussing on the case of Northern Ireland, the book also has a strong international dimension for those wishing to engage more generally with the peace-building process.

Memory, Place and Identity

Commemoration and remembrance of war and conflict

Author: Danielle Drozdzewski,Sarah De Nardi,Emma Waterton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131741134X

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 6227

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This book bridges theoretical gaps that exist between the meta-concepts of memory, place and identity by positioning its lens on the emplaced practices of commemoration and the remembrance of war and conflict. This book examines how diverse publics relate to their wartime histories through engagements with everyday collective memories, in differing places. Specifically addressing questions of place-making, displacement and identity, contributions shed new light on the processes of commemoration of war in everyday urban façades and within generations of families and national communities. Contributions seek to clarify how we connect with memories and places of war and conflict. The spatial and narrative manifestations of attempts to contextualise wartime memories of loss, trauma, conflict, victory and suffering are refracted through the roles played by emotion and identity construction in the shaping of post-war remembrances. This book offers a multidisciplinary perspective, with insights from history, memory studies, social psychology, cultural and urban geography, to contextualise memories of war and their ‘use’ by national governments, perpetrators, victims and in family histories.

Commemorating Conflict

Models of Remembrance in Postwar Croatia

Author: Renata Schellenberg

Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften

ISBN: 9783034319010

Category:

Page: 180

View: 9216

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The most recent member-state of the European Union, Croatia, has been shaped by a culture of war commemoration since the Homeland War of the 1990s that secured independence. These commemorative practices, including museums, memoirs and satirical cartoons, are the subject of study in this book, offering insights into Croatia s place in Europe today. "

Post-Conflict Performance, Film and Visual Arts

Cities of Memory

Author: Des O'Rawe,Mark Phelan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137439556

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 314

View: 6612

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Drawing on a range of cities and conflicts from Europe, Africa and the Middle East, the collection explores the post-conflict condition as it is lived and expressed in modern cities such as Berlin, Belfast, Bilbao, Beirut, Derry, Skopje, Sarajevo, Tunis, Johannesburg and Harare. Post-Conflict Performance, Film and Visual Arts: Cities of Memory investigates how the memory of conflict can be inscribed in historical monuments, human bodies and hermeneutic acts of mapping, traversing, representing, and performing the city. Several essays explore the relations between memory, history and urban space; where memory is located and how it is narrated, as well as various aspects of embodied memory; testimonial memory; traumatic memory; counter-memory; false memory; post-memory. Other essays examine the representations of post-war cities and how cultural imaginations relate to the politics of reconstruction in places devastated by protracted urban warfare. Post-Conflict Performance, Film and Visual Arts: Cities of Memory offers a comparative survey of the complex and often controversial encounters between public art, political memory and commemoration in divided societies, as well as offering insights into the political and ethical difficulties of balancing the dynamics of forgetting and remembering.

Talking Stones

The Politics of Memorialization in Post-Conflict Northern Ireland

Author: Elisabetta Viggiani

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782384081

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5644

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If memory was simply about past events, public authorities would never put their ever-shrinking budgets at its service. Rather, memory is actually about the present moment, as Pierre Nora puts it: "Through the past, we venerate above all ourselves." This book examines how collective memory and material culture are used to support present political and ideological needs in contemporary society. Using the memorialization of the Troubles in contemporary Northern Ireland as a case study, this book investigates how non-state, often proscribed, organizations have filled a societal vacuum in the creation of public memorials. In particular, these groups have sifted through the past to propose "official" collective narratives of national identification, historical legitimation, and moral justifications for violence.

The Politics of War Commemoration in the UK and Russia

Author: Nataliya Danilova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137395710

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 3847

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This book analyses contemporary war commemoration in Britain and Russia. Focusing on the political aspects of remembrance, it explores the instrumentalisation of memory for managing civil-military relations and garnering public support for conflicts. It explains the nexus between remembrance, militarisation and nationalism in modern societies.

Communicating Awe

Media Memory and Holocaust Commemoration

Author: Oren Meyers,Motti Neiger,Eyal Zandberg

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137325235

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 9614

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How can a society communicate a collective trauma? This book offers a cross-media exploration of Israeli media on Holocaust Remembrance Day, one of Israel's most sacred national rituals, over the past six decades. It investigates the way in which variables such as medium, structure of ownership, genre and targeted audiences shape the collective recollection of traumatic memories. Following their previous conceptual work on media memory, the authors argue that a combination of the aforementioned factors, anchored in the political arena as well as in the realm of media practices and conventions, lead Israeli media to operate on Holocaust Remembrance Day in a manner that 'acts out' the collective trauma. Thus, the underlying narrative that is performed by the media on Holocaust Remembrance Day frames the Holocaust as a current, ongoing Israeli event, rather than an event that took place in Europe and ended decades ago.

Shakespeare in Cold War Europe

Conflict, Commemoration, Celebration

Author: Erica Sheen,Isabel Karremann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137519746

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 122

View: 3698

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This essay collection examines the Shakespearian culture of Cold War Europe - Germany, France, UK, USSR, Poland, Spain and Hungary - from 1947/8 to the end of the 1970s. Written by international Shakespearians who are also scholars of the Cold War, the essays assembled here consider representative events, productions and performances as cultural politics, international diplomacy and sites of memory, and show how they inform our understanding of the political, economic, even military, dynamics of the post-war global order. The volume explores the political and cultural function of Shakespearian celebration and commemoration, but it also acknowledges the conflicts they generated across the European Cold War ‘theatre’, examining the impact of Cold War politics on Shakespearian performance, criticism and scholarship. Drawing on archival material, and presenting its sources both in their original language and in translation, it offers historically and theoretically nuanced accounts of Shakespeare’s international significance in the divided world of Cold War Europe, and its legacy today.

Memory and Securitization in Contemporary Europe

Author: Vlad Strukov,Victor Apryshchenko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349952699

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 709

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The volume is the first study to explore the intersection of memory and securitisation in the European context. By analysing a variety of practices ranging from film to art and new media, the book expands the existing theoretical framework of securitisation. The authors consider memory as a precondition for contemporary integration projects such as the European Union, and also showcase how memory is used to stage international conflicts. Following this memory-securitisation nexus, the European Union, and Europe more generally, emerges as an on-going cultural, political and social project. The book also examines developments outside the EU such as the conflict in Ukraine and the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union, which, the authors argues, have a profound impact on Europe. From a consideration of historical contexts such as national referenda the discussion proceeds to media and film analysis, artistic practice and more transient phenomena such as climate change.

Conflict Resolution Beyond the Realist Paradigm

Transformative Strategies and Inclusive Practices in Nagorno-Karabakh and Syria

Author: Philip Gamaghelyan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 3838270576

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5096

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Conflict Resolution holds the promise of freeing approaches and policies with regard to politics of identity from the fatalistic grip of realism. While the conceptual literature on identity and conflicts has moved in this alternative direction, conflict resolution practice continues to rely on realist frames and acts as an unwanted auxiliary to traditional international relations. Perpetuation of conflict discourses, marginalization, and exclusion of affected populations are widespread. They are caused by the overreliance of conflict resolution practice on the binary frames of classic IR paradigms and also by the competitive and hierarchical relationships within the field. Philip Gamaghelyan relies on participatory action research and collective autoethnography to expose patterns of exclusion and marginalization as well as the paradoxical reproduction of conflict-promoting frames in current conflict-resolution practice applied to the Nagorno-Karabakh and Syrian crises. He builds on the work of postmodernist scholars, on reflective practice, and on discourse analysis to explore alternative and inclusive strategies with a transformative potential. The IR discipline that has dominated policymaking is only one possible lens, and often a deficient one, for defining, preventing, or resolving contemporary conflicts wrapped in identity politics. Other conceptual frameworks can help to rethink our understanding of identity and conflicts and reconstruct them as performative and not static phenomena. These transformative frameworks are increasingly influential in the conflict resolution field and can be applied to policymaking.

Memory, Identity, and Commemorations of World War II

Anniversary Politics in Asia Pacific

Author: Daqing Yang,Mike Mochizuki

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498567703

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 4853

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Why do some governments and societies attach great significance to a particular anniversary year whereas others seem less inclined to do so? What motivates the orchestration of elaborate commemorative activities in some countries? What are they supposed to accomplish, for both domestic and international audience? In what ways do commemorations in Asia Pacific fit into the global memory culture of war commemoration? In what ways are these commemorations intertwined with current international politics? This book presents the first large-scale analysis of how countries in the Asia Pacific and beyond commemorated the seventieth anniversaries of the end of World War II. Consisting of in-depth case studies of China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, Singapore, the Philippines, United States, Russia, and Germany, this unique collective effort demonstrates how memories of the past as reflected in public commemorations and contemporary politics—both internal and international—profoundly affect each other.

Commemorating Conflict

Greek Monuments of the Persian Wars

Author: Xavier Duffy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781784918392

Category: Greece

Page: 220

View: 4652

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A holistic study of how the Greek peoples (of primarily the classical period) collectively commemorated the Persian Wars. This work analyses commemorative objects, places, and groups for a complete representation of the commemorative tradition.

Commemorative Events

Memory, Identities, Conflict

Author: Warwick Frost,Jennifer Laing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415690609

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 6146

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Commemorative Events emphasise remembering. They are held on the anniversaries of significant past events, either annually or after significant time periods. Commemorative events provide fascinating insight into how societies see themselves, their heritage and their identity. These events however carry high propensity for controversy as memory and identity are highly subjective and other stakeholders hold different views of what should be commemorated and why. This is the first book to provide an in - depth critical examination of commemorative events, particularly what they mean to societies and how they are used by governments as well as impacts on other stakeholders. The book fully explores these issues by reviewing all the major types of commemorative events including, nationhood or independence, wars, battles, famous people and cultural milestones from varying geographical regions and stakeholder perspectives. By doing so the book furthers understanding of these types of events in society as well as furthering knowledge of social and political uses and impacts of events. This thought provoking volume will be valuable reading for students, researchers and academics interested in events.

Intractable Conflicts

Socio-Psychological Foundations and Dynamics

Author: Daniel Bar-Tal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107354633

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

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This book provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary and holistic analysis of the socio-psychological dynamics of intractable conflicts. Daniel Bar-Tal's original conceptual framework is supported by evidence drawn from different disciplines, including empirical data and illustrative case studies. His analysis rests on the premise that intractable conflicts share certain socio-psychological foundations, despite differences in context and other characteristics. He describes a full cycle of intractable conflicts - their outbreak, escalation and reconciliation through peace building. Bar-Tal's framework provides a broad theoretical view of the of the socio-psychological repertoire that develops in the course of long-term and violent conflicts, outlines the factors affecting its formation, demonstrates how it is maintained, points out its functions and describes its consequences. The book also elaborates on the contents, processes and other factors involved in the peace building process.

The Politics of War Commemoration in the UK and Russia

Author: Nataliya Danilova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137395710

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 857

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This book analyses contemporary war commemoration in Britain and Russia. Focusing on the political aspects of remembrance, it explores the instrumentalisation of memory for managing civil-military relations and garnering public support for conflicts. It explains the nexus between remembrance, militarisation and nationalism in modern societies.

Narrating Conflict in the Middle East

Discourse, Image and Communications Practices in Lebanon and Palestine

Author: Dina Matar,Zahera Harb

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1780761031

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 1010

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The term conflict has often been used broadly and uncritically to talk about diverse situations ranging from street protests to war, though the many factors that give rise to any conflict and its continuation over a period of time vary greatly. The starting point of this innovative book is that it is unsatisfactory either to consider conflict within a singular concept or alternatively to consider each conflict as entirely distinct and unique; Narrating Conflict in the Middle East explores another path to addressing long-term conflict. The contributors set out to examine the ways in which such conflicts in Palestine and Lebanon have been and are narrated, imagined and remembered in diverse spaces, including that of the media. They examine discourses and representations of the conflicts as well as practices of memory and performance in narratives of suffering and conflict, all of which suggest an embodied investment in narrating or communicating conflict. In so doing, they engage with local, global, and regional realities in Lebanon and in Palestine and they respond dynamically to these realities.

Remembering and Forgetting 1916

Commemoration and Conflict in Post-peace Process Ireland

Author: Rebecca Graff-McRae

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 7434

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This book asks how the commemorations of the Easter Rising, the Battle of the Somme, the 1978 Rebellion, and the H-Block Hunger Strike have become incorporated into present politics in the wake of the Good Friday Agreement. The book begins and ends with the Easter Rising. The construction of 1916 as the pivotal moment of Irish history, identity, and memory has had lasting consequences for the Irish definition of political conflict and how this is defined through commemoration. It argues that the ghosts of 1916 are in many ways the ghosts of 1998.