Access To Care and Factors That Impact Access, Patients as Partners In Care and Changing Roles of Health Providers

Author: Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857247158

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 331

View: 2927

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Part of the "Research in the Sociology of Health Care" series, this title deals with both macro-level system issues and micro-level issues involving access to care, factors that impact access, patients as partners in care and changing roles of health providers.

Chronic Care, Health Care Systems and Services Integration

Author: Jennie J. Kronenfeld

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762311479

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 6136

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The theme of this volume is chronic care, health care systems and services integration. The volume is divided into three sections. The first section focuses on issues that relate to health care providers. The second section contains papers that deal with home and community based services for the elderly and those who need chronic care. The third section provides lessons from countries outside the United States related to the overall themes of chronic care, systems integration and services integration. These are themes of growing importance in the US health care system as well as in health care systems in most other developed nations. The aging of populations, already underway, and expected to increase in the coming decades will bring changes and challenges to the health care system. Many of these challenges relate to chronic care needs, since chronic care needs are more important in the elderly than in other population groups, although chronic care problems are not limited to the elderly. Once people reach their 40s and 50s, they begin to develop chronic problems. Chronic problems often require both more health care services and more complicated health care services, and thus place an emphasis on services integration.

Population Health Management for Poly Chronic Conditions

Evidence-Based Research Approaches

Author: Thomas T.H. Wan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319680560

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 7799

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This book is dedicated to population health management and how it can be used to improve the health care and outcomes for patients with poly chronic conditions. The book uses an integrated approach guided by a transdisciplinary orientation that incorporates both a macro and a micro-theoretical framework for promoting population health management. Thus, policy decision makers can prioritize how limited resources can be used to optimize health service needs of the chronically ill and disabled in the nation as well as in the globe. The book also identifies appropriate applications of health information technology that can facilitate interoperability, data sharing and effective communication to ensure that applicable knowledge is derived from the available information. Multiple implications of population health management for poly chronic conditions suggest that concerted efforts in promoting preventive strategies can yield numerous benefits. Continuous improvement efforts through impact evaluation and a commitment to the adoption of the health information technology resources needed are also critical aspects of this process. Patients with poly chronic conditions have complex needs and are often high-utilizers of health services. Great potential exists to improve the health and health care of these individuals through improved coordination integrating multiple domains of the population health management approach. Population Health Management is needed now more than ever due to the current challenges facing the health care system that were not present in previous decades. This book points out strategic directions suggested by empirical evidence and experts’ opinions on innovative care management solutions observed in many advanced countries.

Engineering a Learning Healthcare System:

A Look at the Future: Workshop Summary

Author: Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309120640

Category: Medical

Page: 340

View: 2699

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Improving our nation's healthcare system is a challenge which, because of its scale and complexity, requires a creative approach and input from many different fields of expertise. Lessons from engineering have the potential to improve both the efficiency and quality of healthcare delivery. The fundamental notion of a high-performing healthcare system--one that increasingly is more effective, more efficient, safer, and higher quality--is rooted in continuous improvement principles that medicine shares with engineering. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care and the National Academy of Engineering, hosted a workshop on lessons from systems and operations engineering that could be applied to health care. Building on previous work done in this area the workshop convened leading engineering practitioners, health professionals, and scholars to explore how the field might learn from and apply systems engineering principles in the design of a learning healthcare system. Engineering a Learning Healthcare System: A Look at the Future: Workshop Summary focuses on current major healthcare system challenges and what the field of engineering has to offer in the redesign of the system toward a learning healthcare system.

Advances in Health Care Organization Theory

Author: Stephen S. Mick,Patrick D. Shay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118862775

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 4062

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Explore the evolution of organization theory in the health care sector Advances in Health Care Organization Theory, 2nd Edition, introduces students in health administration to the fields of organization theory and organizational behavior and their application to the management of health care organizations. The book explores the major health care developments over the past decade and demonstrates the contribution of organization theory to a deeper understanding of the changes in the delivery system, including the historic passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Taking both a micro and macro view, editors Stephen S. Mick and Patrick D. Shay, collaborate with a roster of contributing experts to compile a comprehensive volume that covers the latest in organization theory. Topics include: Institutional and neo-institutional theory Patient-centered practices and organizational culture change Design and implementation of patient-centered care management teams Hospital-based clusters as new organizational structures Application of social network theory to health care

Innovative Care for Chronic Conditions

Building Blocks for Action : Global Report

Author: Sheri Pruitt

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241590173

Category: Law

Page: 112

View: 5693

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The dramatic increase in chronic conditions, including noncommunicable diseases, mental disorders, and certain communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS demands creative action. The WHO created this document to alert decision-makers throughout the world about these important changes in global health, and to present health care solutions for managing this rising burden.

Assuring the Quality of Health Care in the European Union

A Case for Action

Author: Helena Legido-Quigley

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289071931

Category: Medical

Page: 210

View: 9861

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People have always travelled within Europe for work and leisure, although never before with the current intensity. Now, however, they are travelling for many other reasons, including the quest for key services such as health care. Whatever the reason for travelling, one question they ask is "If I fall ill, will the health care I receive be of a high standard?". This book examines, for the first time, the systems that have been put in place in all of the European Union's 27 Member States. The picture it paints is mixed. Some have well developed systems, setting standards based on the best available evidence, monitoring the care provided, and taking action where it falls short. Others need to overcome significant obstacles.

The World Health Report 2008

Primary Health Care : Now More Than Ever

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9241563737

Category: Medical

Page: 119

View: 4709

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Provides information on medical care and health care policy from around the world.

Crossing the Quality Chasm:

A New Health System for the 21st Century

Author: Committee on Quality of Health Care in America,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309072808

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 5633

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Second in a series of publications from the Institute of Medicine's Quality of Health Care in America project Today's health care providers have more research findings and more technology available to them than ever before. Yet recent reports have raised serious doubts about the quality of health care in America. Crossing the Quality Chasm makes an urgent call for fundamental change to close the quality gap. This book recommends a sweeping redesign of the American health care system and provides overarching principles for specific direction for policymakers, health care leaders, clinicians, regulators, purchasers, and others. In this comprehensive volume the committee offers: A set of performance expectations for the 21st century health care system. A set of 10 new rules to guide patient-clinician relationships. A suggested organizing framework to better align the incentives inherent in payment and accountability with improvements in quality. Key steps to promote evidence-based practice and strengthen clinical information systems. Analyzing health care organizations as complex systems, Crossing the Quality Chasm also documents the causes of the quality gap, identifies current practices that impede quality care, and explores how systems approaches can be used to implement change.

Primary Care In The Driver'S Seat?

Author: Saltman, Richard,Bankauskaite, Vaida,Vrangbaek, Karsten

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335227724

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 1042

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Decentralization has become a popular management strategy in many European health care systems. The term describes a wide variety of power transfer arrangements and accountability systems. The logic of decentralization is grounded in an intrinsically powerful idea; that smaller organizations, properly structured and steered, are inherently more agile and accountable than larger organizations. In a world where large organizations control wide swathes of both public and private sector activity, the possibility of establishing more locally operated, locally responsible institutions holds out great attraction. This text explores the capacity and impact of decentralization within European health care systems. It examines both the theoretical underpinnings as well as recent practical experiences, drawing upon both published literature and evidence collected directly from the field. The book also assesses the appropriateness of management processes within health systems for implementing a successful decentralization strategy. Decentralization in Health Care will appeal to health policy makers, postgraduates taking courses in health services management, HR, health policy and health economics, and human resource professionals.

Complex Interventions in Health

An overview of research methods

Author: David A. Richards,Ingalill Rahm Hallberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134470568

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 314

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Health and human services currently face a series of challenges – such as aging populations, chronic diseases and new endemics – that require highly complex responses, and take place in multiple care environments including acute medicine, chronic care facilities and the community. Accordingly, most modern health care interventions are now seen as ‘complex interventions’ – activities that contain a number of component parts with the potential for interactions between them which, when applied to the intended target population, produce a range of possible and variable outcomes. This in turn requires methodological developments that also take into account changing values and attitudes related to the situation of patients’ receiving health care. The first book to place complex interventions within a coherent system of research enquiry, this work is designed to help researchers understand the research processes involved at each stage of developing, testing, evaluating and implementing complex interventions, and assist them to integrate methodological activities to produce secure, evidence-based health care interventions. It begins with conceptual chapters which set out the complex interventions framework, discuss the interrelation between knowledge development and evidence, and explore how mixed methods research contributes to improved health. Structured around the influential UK Medical Research Council guidance for use of complex interventions, four sections, each comprised of bite-sized chapters written by multidisciplinary experts in the area, focus on: - Developing complex interventions - Assessing the feasibility of complex interventions and piloting them - Evaluating complex interventions - Implementing complex interventions. Accessible to students and researchers grappling with complex interventions, each substantive chapter includes an introduction, bulleted learning objectives, clinical examples, a summary and further reading. The perspectives of various stakeholders, including patients, families and professionals, are discussed throughout as are the economic and ethical implications of methods. A vital companion for health research, this book is suitable for readers from multidisciplinary disciplines such as medical, nursing, public health, health services research, human services and allied healthcare backgrounds.

Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule:

Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research

Author: Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information: The HIPAA Privacy Rule,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309124999

Category: Computers

Page: 334

View: 1397

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In the realm of health care, privacy protections are needed to preserve patients' dignity and prevent possible harms. Ten years ago, to address these concerns as well as set guidelines for ethical health research, Congress called for a set of federal standards now known as the HIPAA Privacy Rule. In its 2009 report, Beyond the HIPAA Privacy Rule: Enhancing Privacy, Improving Health Through Research, the Institute of Medicine's Committee on Health Research and the Privacy of Health Information concludes that the HIPAA Privacy Rule does not protect privacy as well as it should, and that it impedes important health research.

Illness Behavior

A Multidisciplinary Model

Author: Sean McHugh,T. Michael Vallis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468452576

Category: Psychology

Page: 442

View: 1539

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In August, 1985, the 2nd International Conference on Illness Behaviour was held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The first International Conference took place one year previous in Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. This book is based on the proceedings of the second conference. The purpose behind this conference was to facilitate the development of a single integrated model to account for illness experience and presentation. A major focus of the conference was to outline methodological issues related to current behaviour research. A multidiscipl~nary approach was emphasized because of the bias that collaborative efforts are likely to be the most successful in achieving greater understanding of illness behaviour. Significant advances in our knowledge are occurring in all areas of the biological and social sciences, albeit more slowly in the latter areas. Marked specialization in each of these areas has lead to greater difficulty in integrating new knowledge with that of other areas and the development of a meaningful cohesive model to which all can relate. Thus there is a major need for forums such as that provided by this conference.

Sociology of Ageing

A Reader

Author: Ajaya Kumar Sahoo,Gavin J. Andrews,S. Irudaya Rajan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788131601907

Category: Social Science

Page: 459

View: 5099

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Over the past thirty years, the sociological study of ageing has progressed from being a narrowly focused, modestly sized, problem-orientated sub-field of disciplinary inquiry to its current status as a distinct, extremely wide-ranging endeavor that deals with many aspects of older peoples' economic, social, and cultural lives. This volume brings together a broad range of theoretical essays and specific case studies by eminent scholars in the field. Sociology of Ageing: A Reader will be a useful resource for not only sociology students and professional sociologists, but also for those based in social anthropology, psychology, geography, population studies, politics, and cultural studies.

The Future of Nursing

Leading Change, Advancing Health

Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309208955

Category: Medical

Page: 700

View: 614

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The Future of Nursing explores how nurses' roles, responsibilities, and education should change significantly to meet the increased demand for care that will be created by health care reform and to advance improvements in America's increasingly complex health system. At more than 3 million in number, nurses make up the single largest segment of the health care work force. They also spend the greatest amount of time in delivering patient care as a profession. Nurses therefore have valuable insights and unique abilities to contribute as partners with other health care professionals in improving the quality and safety of care as envisioned in the Affordable Care Act (ACA) enacted this year. Nurses should be fully engaged with other health professionals and assume leadership roles in redesigning care in the United States. To ensure its members are well-prepared, the profession should institute residency training for nurses, increase the percentage of nurses who attain a bachelor's degree to 80 percent by 2020, and double the number who pursue doctorates. Furthermore, regulatory and institutional obstacles -- including limits on nurses' scope of practice -- should be removed so that the health system can reap the full benefit of nurses' training, skills, and knowledge in patient care. In this book, the Institute of Medicine makes recommendations for an action-oriented blueprint for the future of nursing.

BMJ

British Medical Journal

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medicine

Page: N.A

View: 4487

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Rising infant mortality in the U.S.S.R. in the 1970's

Author: Christopher Davis,United States. Bureau of the Census,United States. Bureau of the Census. Foreign Demographic Analysis Division,University of Birmingham. Centre for Russian and East European Studies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 33

View: 3139

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