Challenging Obesity

The science behind the issues

Author: Heather McLannahan,Pete Clifton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199563371

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 8294

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Challenging Obesity provides a balanced, objective account of this often emotive but increasingly important field, weaving together contributions from the broad range of disciplines, which together are helping us to understand, live with, and respond to the issues that obesity presents.

The Challenge of Obesity in the WHO European Region and the Strategies for Response

Summary

Author: Francesco Branca,Haik Nikogosian,Tim Lobstein,World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289013885

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 60

View: 7880

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In a brief, clear and easily accessible way, this summary illustrates the dynamics of the obesity epidemic and its impact on public health throughout the WHO European Region, particularly in eastern countries. It describes how factors that increase the risk of obesity are shaped in different settings, such as the family, school, community and workplace. It makes both ethical and economic arguments for accelerating action against obesity, and analyses effective programs and policies in different government sectors, such as education, health, agriculture and trade, urban planning and transport. The summary also describes how to design policies and programs to prevent obesity and how to monitor progress, and calls for specific action by stakeholders: not only government sectors but also the private sector - including food manufacturers, advertisers and traders - and professional consumers' and international and intergovernmental organizations such as the European Union.

Obesity: The Biography

Author: Sander L. Gilman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191614084

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 3846

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According to the World Health Organization we are in the midst of a global obesity crisis. Is obesity a disease itself or a symptom of underlying physiological or psychological illnesses? Is it a sign of social excess and therefore not a disease in the medical sense at all? Is it really 'new'? Sander L. Gilman, a leading authority in the social and cultural history of the body, presents a fascinating account of the history of obesity, looking at the changing attitudes towards the body, from regarding it as 'God's temple' to more mechanical and practical concerns from the Enlightenment onwards. In the eighteenth century obesity was understood as a problem of the affluent; today the affluent are more likely to have a personal trainer and a healthier diet, and it is the poorer classes who are more likely to be overweight. Gilman considers obesity in many contexts - including a chapter on obesity in China and the impact of modernization and Westernization on this very different culture. Taking the issue up to the present day, Gilman examines the wider political and social implications obesity raises, considering whether obesity should be cured by diet or surgery, by psychotherapy or economic improvement, by healthier food choices or by social relocation.

The Obesity Epidemic

What caused it? How can we stop it?

Author: Zoe Harcombe

Publisher: Columbus Publishing Limited

ISBN: 1907797289

Category:

Page: 339

View: 1729

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We want to be slim more than anything else in the world, so why do we have an obesity epidemic? If the solution is as simple as ‘eat less and do more’, why are 90% of today’s children facing a fat future? What if the current diet advice is not right? What if trying to eat less is making us fatter? What if everything we thought we knew about dieting is wrong? This is, in fact, the case. This book will de-bunk every diet myth there is and change the course of The Obesity Epidemic. This is going to be a ground breaking journey, shattering every preconception about dieting and turning current advice upside down. Did you know that we did a U-Turn in our diet advice thirty years ago? Obesity has increased ten fold since – coincidence or cause? Discover why we changed our advice and what is stopping us changing it back; discover the involvement of the food industry in our weight loss advice; discover how long we have known that eating less and doing more can never work and discover what will work instead. There is a way to lose weight and keep it off, but the first thing you must do is to throw away everything you think you know about dieting. Because everything you think you know is actually wrong. The diet advice we are being given, far from being the cure of the obesity epidemic, is, in fact, the cause.

Rethinking Thin

The New Science of Weight Loss--and the Myths and Realities of Dieting

Author: Gina Kolata

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9781429923651

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 272

View: 934

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In this eye-opening book, New York Times science writer Gina Kolata shows that our society's obsession with dieting and weight loss is less about keeping trim and staying healthy than about money, power, trends, and impossible ideals. Rethinking Thin is at once an account of the place of diets in American society and a provocative critique of the weight-loss industry. Kolata's account of four determined dieters' progress through a study comparing the Atkins diet to a conventional low-calorie one becomes a broad tale of science and society, of social mores and social sanctions, and of politics and power. Rethinking Thin asks whether words like willpower are really applicable when it comes to eating and body weight. It dramatizes what it feels like to spend a lifetime struggling with one's weight and fantasizing about finally, at long last, getting thin. It tells the little-known story of the science of obesity and the history of diets and dieting—scientific and social phenomena that made some people rich and thin and left others fat and miserable. And it offers commonsense answers to questions about weight, eating habits, and obesity—giving us a better understanding of the weight that is right for our bodies.

A Big Fat Crisis

The Hidden Forces Behind the Obesity Epidemic — and How We Can End It

Author: Deborah Cohen

Publisher: Nation Books

ISBN: 1568589654

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8687

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Obesity is the public health crisis of the twenty-first century. Over 150 million Americans are overweight or obese, and across the globe an estimated 1.5 billion are affected. In A Big Fat Crisis, Dr. Deborah A. Cohen has created a major new work that will transform the conversation surrounding the modern weight crisis. Based on her own extensive research, as well as the latest insights from behavioral economics and cognitive science, Cohen reveals what drives the obesity epidemic and how we, as a nation, can overcome it. Cohen argues that the massive increase in obesity is the product of two forces. One is the immutable aspect of human nature, namely the fundamental limits of self-control and the unconscious ways we are hard-wired to eat. And second is the completely transformed modern food environment, including lower prices, larger portion sizes, and the outsized influence of food advertising. We live in a food swamp, where food is cheap, ubiquitous, and insidiously marketed. This, rather than the much-discussed “food deserts,” is the source of the epidemic. The conventional wisdom is that overeating is the expression of individual weakness and a lack of self-control. But that would mean that people in this country had more willpower thirty years ago, when the rate of obesity was half of what it is today! The truth is that our capacity for self-control has not shrunk; instead, the changing conditions of our modern world have pushed our limits to such an extent that more and more of us are simply no longer up to the challenge. Ending this public health crisis will require solutions that transcend the advice found in diet books. Simply urging people to eat less sugar, salt, and fat has not worked. A Big Fat Crisis offers concrete recommendations and sweeping policy changes—including implementing smart and effective regulations and constructing a more balanced food environment—that represent nothing less than a blueprint for defeating the obesity epidemic once and for all

Waistland: A (R)evolutionary View of Our Weight and Fitness Crisis

Author: Deirdre Barrett

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393066673

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 8780

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Harvard psychologist Deirdre Barrett tackles the obesity and fitness crisis from an evolutionary standpoint. In the modern jungle of burgers, couches, and remote controls, obesity is an enormous and growing epidemic. Weight-loss books and diet gurus urge us to "listen to our bodies," but our instincts are designed for the African savannah, not food courts. The sugary and fatty foods that we, as hunter-gatherers, are programmed to forage used to be hard to come by. Now they're as close as the vending machine down the hall. Radical changes are necessary and, fortunately, are biologically easier than small or gradual changes in diet. Barrett tells us how to reprogram our bodies, break food addictions, and ignore our attraction to "supernormal stimuli"—artificial creations that appeal to our instincts more than the natural objects they mimic. Barrett delves into scientific research—from animal ethology to evolution—to show the disastrous direction in which our instincts have led us, and how, using our intellect, we can get back on course.

Security and Global Health

Author: Stefan Elbe

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745643736

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 220

View: 3418

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Every era, it is said, has its defining malady. What will be ours? Will it be a new human pandemic caused by an animal-borne infectious disease, such as swine flu? Will it be a lethal microbe like anthrax deliberately released by terrorists bent on causing mass civilian casualties? Or will it be one of our new 'lifestyle' diseases - the epidemics of smoking, obesity and excessive alcohol consumption that threaten to engulf modern societies? Perhaps our era will even be remembered for its tragic neglect of certain health issues - endemic diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS that continue to ravage millions in developing countries. In this book Stefan Elbe shows that in the new millennium international politics is no longer characterized by its preoccupation with a single disease, but precisely by its need to urgently confront what is now an epidemic of epidemics. Over the past decade a whole host of diverse global health issues have raised the highest levels of political concern, provoking governments and international institutions to tackle such health threats through the prism of security - be it national security, biosecurity, or human security. This convergence between health issues and security concerns has also produced the new notion of health security, which has already begun to shape the way international health policy is formulated. The intersection of the worlds of health and security is beginning to change our very ideas of what security means and how it is achieved. At the outset of the twenty-first century, practising security increasingly demands that citizens become patients, that states resemble huge hospitals, and that security itself becomes a technology of medical control. It is this transformation of security, Elbe argues in an innovative and engaging re-conceptualization of the health-security nexus, that marks nothing short of the medicalization of security.

Obesity

Author: Margaret Haerens

Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC

ISBN: 0737756616

Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Page: 232

View: 3578

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This edition delivers contemporary perspectives on obesity, with the majority of the material reflecting stances of countries other than the United States. Primary sources and essays from international sources present a truly panoramic view. Across four chapters, readers will learn about the global obesity epidemic, obesity factors, obesity effects, and anti-obesity policies. Countries included are Australia, Mexico, Africa, the Czech Republic, Pakistan, India, Italy, Ireland, Germany, Canada, Indonesia, France, and Japan. Essay sources include the Kuwait Times, International Association for the Study of Obesity, I.R.I.N., and Medical News.

Weighing In

Obesity, Food Justice, and the Limits of Capitalism

Author: Julie Guthman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520266242

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 1117

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"A bold, compelling challenge to conventional thinking about obesity and its fixes, Weighing In is one of the most important books on food politics to hit the shelves in a long time." —Susanne Freidberg, author of Fresh: A Perishable History "Weighing In is filled with counterintuitive surprises that should make us skeptics of all kinds of food -- whether local, fast, slow, junk or health -- but also gives us the practical tools to effectively scrutinize the stale buffet of popularly-accepted health wisdom before we digest it." —Paul Robbins, professor of Geography and Development, University of Arizona "If you liked Michael Pollan, this should be your next read. Guthman gives us the research behind the questions we should be asking, but, falling all over ourselves in the rush to consensus, we have overlooked. A self-described Berkeley foodie, Guthman takes on the self-satisfaction of the alternative food movement and places it in rich context, drawing on research in health, economics, labor, agriculture, sociology, and politics. This marvelous, surprising book is a true game-changer in our national conversation about food and justice." —Anna Kirkland, author of Fat Rights: Dilemmas of Difference and Personhood “This groundbreaking book calls into question the ubiquitous claim that ‘good food’ will solve the social and health dilemmas of today. Combining political economic analysis, cultural critique, and clear explanation of scientific discoveries, the author challenges our deeply held convictions about society, food, bodies, and environments.” —Becky Mansfield, editor of Privatization: Property and the Remaking of Nature-Society Relations "Step back from that farmer's market -- Guthman shows us that good foods and good eating are not enough. By questioning the fuzzy facts on obesity, the impact of environment, and capitalism's relentless push to consume, Weighing In challenges us to think harder, and better, about what it really takes to be healthy in the modern age." —Carolyn de la Peña, author of Empty Pleasures: The Story of Artificial Sweetener from Saccharin to Splenda

Fat Chance

Beating the Odds Against Sugar, Processed Food, Obesity, and Disease

Author: Robert H. Lustig

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0142180432

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 3948

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Documents the science and politics behind the pandemic of chronic disease, chronicling how the food industry has replaced fat with sugar and triggered biochemical changes that can be overcome through strategic hormone-adjusting measures.

The Obesity Code

Unlocking the Secrets of Weight Loss

Author: Jason Fung

Publisher: Greystone Books

ISBN: 1771641274

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 296

View: 8608

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Everything you believe about how to lose weight is wrong. Weight gain and obesity are driven by hormones—in everyone—and only by understanding the effects of insulin and insulin resistance can we achieve lasting weight loss. In this highly readable and provocative book, Dr. Jason Fung sets out an original, robust theory of obesity that provides startling insights into proper nutrition. In addition to his five basic steps, a set of lifelong habits that will improve your health and control your insulin levels, Dr. Fung explains how to use intermittent fasting to break the cycle of insulin resistance and reach a healthy weight—for good.

The Obesity Paradox

When Thinner Means Sicker and Heavier Means Healthier

Author: Carl J. Lavie, M.D.

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698148517

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 288

View: 2584

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Robert Lustig changed the national conversation about fat. Now, a pioneer in “obesity paradox” research delivers a message that everyone who struggles to shed socalled excess weight will want to hear. After research uncovered that overweight and even moderately obese people with certain chronic diseases often live longer and fare better than their normal weight counterparts, Carl Lavie, MD, realized that being moderately fit is more important for good health than having a low body mass index. Sharing the science behind these recent findings, The Obesity Paradox shows readers how to achieve what’s really important: maximum health—not minimum weight.

Preventing Childhood Obesity

Health in the Balance

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Prevention of Obesity in Children and Youth

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309133408

Category: Medical

Page: 434

View: 4080

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Children's health has made tremendous strides over the past century. In general, life expectancy has increased by more than thirty years since 1900 and much of this improvement is due to the reduction of infant and early childhood mortality. Given this trajectory toward a healthier childhood, we begin the 21st-century with a shocking developmentâ€"an epidemic of obesity in children and youth. The increased number of obese children throughout the U.S. during the past 25 years has led policymakers to rank it as one of the most critical public health threats of the 21st-century. Preventing Childhood Obesity provides a broad-based examination of the nature, extent, and consequences of obesity in U.S. children and youth, including the social, environmental, medical, and dietary factors responsible for its increased prevalence. The book also offers a prevention-oriented action plan that identifies the most promising array of short-term and longer-term interventions, as well as recommendations for the roles and responsibilities of numerous stakeholders in various sectors of society to reduce its future occurrence. Preventing Childhood Obesity explores the underlying causes of this serious health problem and the actions needed to initiate, support, and sustain the societal and lifestyle changes that can reverse the trend among our children and youth.

The Challenge of Treating Obesity and Overweight

Proceedings of a Workshop

Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Roundtable on Obesity Solutions

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030946370X

Category: Medical

Page: 116

View: 453

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The Roundtable on Obesity Solutions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in Washington, DC, on April 6, 2017, titled The Challenge of Treating Obesity and Overweight: A Workshop. The discussions covered treatments for obesity, overweight, and severe obesity in adults and children; emerging treatment opportunities; the development of a workforce for obesity treatments; payment and policy considerations; and promising paths to move forward. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity

Author: Ronald Ross Watson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124079342

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 4175

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Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Abdominal Obesity focuses on the important roles that exercise, dietary changes, and foods play in promoting as well as reducing visceral fat. Nutritionists, dieticians, and healthcare providers seeking to address the abdominal obesity epidemic will use this comprehensive resource as a tool in their long-term goal of preventing chronic diseases, especially heart, vascular, and diabetic diseases. Experts from a broad range of disciplines are involved in dealing with the consequences of excessive abdominal fat: cardiology, diabetes research, studies of lipids, endocrinology and metabolism, nutrition, obesity, and exercise physiology. They have contributed chapters that define a range of dietary approaches to reducing risk and associated chronic diseases. They begin by defining visceral obesity and its major outcomes; they also discuss the importance and the challenges of dietary approaches to reduce abdominal obesity, as compared to clinical approaches, with major costs and risks. Offers detailed, well-documented reviews outlining the various dietary approaches to visceral obesity with their benefits and failures Includes chapters on types of foods, exercise, and supplements in reducing obesity and its chronic clinical companions, especially diabetes and cardiovascular disease Helps nutritionists, dieticians, and healthcare providers approach patients in making decision about nutritional therapies and clinical treatments for abdominal obesity, from an evidence-based perspective

The Health Gap

The Challenge of an Unequal World

Author: Michael Marmot

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408857987

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 400

View: 9710

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There are dramatic differences in health between countries and within countries. But this is not a simple matter of rich and poor. A poor man in Glasgow is rich compared to the average Indian, but the Glaswegian's life expectancy is 8 years shorter. The Indian is dying of infectious disease linked to his poverty; the Glaswegian of violent death, suicide, heart disease linked to a rich country's version of disadvantage. In all countries, people at relative social disadvantage suffer health disadvantage, dramatically so. Within countries, the higher the social status of individuals the better is their health. These health inequalities defy usual explanations. Conventional approaches to improving health have emphasised access to technical solutions – improved medical care, sanitation, and control of disease vectors; or behaviours – smoking, drinking – obesity, linked to diabetes, heart disease and cancer. These approaches only go so far. Creating the conditions for people to lead flourishing lives, and thus empowering individuals and communities, is key to reduction of health inequalities. In addition to the scale of material success, your position in the social hierarchy also directly affects your health, the higher you are on the social scale, the longer you will live and the better your health will be. As people change rank, so their health risk changes. What makes these health inequalities unjust is that evidence from round the world shows we know what to do to make them smaller. This new evidence is compelling. It has the potential to change radically the way we think about health, and indeed society.

Good Calories, Bad Calories

Fats, Carbs, and the Controversial Science of Diet and Health

Author: Gary Taubes

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 1400033462

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 609

View: 8470

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Argues that refined carbohydrates are the cause of obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and even cancer; that overeating and sedentary behavior are side effects of increased insulin; and that removing these carbohydrates from one's diet is the only way to lose weight.

The Case Against Sugar

Author: Gary Taubes

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0451493990

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 384

View: 2104

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From the best-selling author of Why We Get Fat, a groundbreaking, eye-opening exposé that makes the convincing case that sugar is the tobacco of the new millennium: backed by powerful lobbies, entrenched in our lives, and making us very sick. Among Americans, diabetes is more prevalent today than ever; obesity is at epidemic proportions; nearly 10% of children are thought to have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. And sugar is at the root of these, and other, critical society-wide, health-related problems. With his signature command of both science and straight talk, Gary Taubes delves into Americans' history with sugar: its uses as a preservative, as an additive in cigarettes, the contemporary overuse of high-fructose corn syrup. He explains what research has shown about our addiction to sweets. He clarifies the arguments against sugar, corrects misconceptions about the relationship between sugar and weight loss; and provides the perspective necessary to make informed decisions about sugar as individuals and as a society. From the Hardcover edition.