Bismarck's Institutions

A Historical Perspective on the Social Security Hypothesis

Author: Beatrice Scheubel

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783161522727

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 1818

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The decline in birth rates in advanced economies is not a new phenomenon. Between 1880 and 1900 birth rates dropped from 5.5 children per woman to 2.5 children per woman. A further decline from 2.5 to 1.5 or even 1.3 children took much longer - about 80 years. One of the most apparent causes apart from access to contraceptives or an increasing level of education is, however, widely ignored. In this book, Beatrice Scheubel analyses the effects of the first comprehensive system of social security, which was introduced between 1883 and 1891 in Germany. She shows the link between social security and the demographic transition and above all raises the awareness for the link between social security and fertility from a longer-term perspective, which is a prerequisite for dealing with the effects of demographic change.

Restitution of Overpaid Tax

Author: Steven Elliott,Birke Häcker,Charles Mitchell

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1782251227

Category: Law

Page: 366

View: 1732

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Since the decision of the House of Lords in Woolwich Equitable Building Society v Inland Revenue Commissioners [1993] AC 70, the law governing claims for restitution of overpaid tax has experienced rapid and profound evolution. This has been so not only in England, but also elsewhere in the common law world as well as on the European plane. The essays in this collection consider the new landscape, and explore from various doctrinal and national perspectives the issues that have confronted, and continue to confront, the courts.

The Theory of Public Choice--II

Author: James M. Buchanan,Robert D. Tollison

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472080410

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 452

View: 9674

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Discusses voting, tax policy, government regulation, redistribution of wealth, and international negotiation in a new approach to government

Carl Menger

(1840-1921)

Author: Mark Blaug

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 5120

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Origins of Law and Economics

The Economists' New Science of Law, 1830-1930

Author: Heath Pearson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521023863

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 7006

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This work analyzes the centrality of law in nineteenth century economics and serves as a prehistory to the new institutional economics of the late twentieth century.

Hitler's Shadow Empire

Author: Pierpaolo Barbieri

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674728858

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 349

View: 8446

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The Nazis provided Franco’s Nationalists with planes, armaments, and tanks in their civil war against the Communists but behind this largesse was a Faustian bargain. Pierpaolo Barbieri makes a convincing case that the Nazis hoped to establish an economic empire in Europe, and in Spain they tested the tactics intended for future subject territories.

Volkswirtschaftliche Schriften

Not by Theory Alone : the Economics of Gustav Von Schmoller and Its Legacy to America

Author: Nicholas W. Balabkins

Publisher: Duncker & Humblot

ISBN: 9783428464500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 116

View: 4933

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Not by Theory alone ... The Economics of Gustav von Schmoller and Its Legacy to America.

Tax and Corporate Governance

Author: Wolfgang Schön

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540772767

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 425

View: 434

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Academic research shows that well-known principal-agent and capital market problems are strongly influenced by tax considerations. Against this background, this volume is the first to present a fully-fledged overview of the interdependence of tax and corporate governance. Not only the basic political, legal and economic questions but also major topics like income measurement, shareholding structures, corporate social responsibility and tax shelter disclosure are covered.

The Dictionary of Health Economics, Third Edition

Author: Anthony J. Culyer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781001995

Category: Political Science

Page: 744

View: 9911

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This third edition of Anthony Culyer�s authoritative The Dictionary of Health Economics brings the material right up to date as well as adding plentiful amounts of new information, with a number of revised definitions. There are now nearly 3,000 entrie

Patterns of Discovery in the Social Sciences

Author: Paul Diesing

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351500473

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 9388

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Social scientists are often vexed because their work does not satisfy the criteria of "scientific" methodology developed by philosophers of science and logicians who use the natural sciences as their model. In this study, Paul Diesing defines science not by reference to these arbitrary norms delineated by those outside the field but in terms of norms implicit in what social scientists actually do in their everyday work.

Holocaust Landscapes

Author: Tim Cole

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472906896

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 1467

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The theme of Tim Cole's Holocaust Landscapes concerns the geography of the Holocaust; the Holocaust as a place-making event for both perpetrators and victims. Through concepts such as distance and proximity, Professor Cole tells the story of the Holocaust through a number of landscapes where genocide was implemented, experienced and evaded and which have subsequently been forgotten in the post-war world. Drawing on particular survivors' narratives, Holocaust Landscapes moves between a series of ordinary and extraordinary places and the people who inhabited them throughout the years of the Second World War. Starting in Germany in the late 1930s, the book shifts chronologically and geographically westwards but ends up in Germany in the final chaotic months of the war. These landscapes range from the most iconic (synagogue, ghetto, railroad, camp, attic) to less well known sites (forest, sea and mountain, river, road, displaced persons camp). Holocaust Landscapes provides a new perspective surrounding the shifting geographies and histories of this continent-wide event.

In Search of the True West

Culture, Economics, and Problems of Russian Development

Author: Esther Kingston-Mann

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400822560

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 1301

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This ground-breaking work documents Russian efforts to appropriate Western solutions to the problem of economic backwardness since the time of Catherine the Great. Entangled then as now with issues of cultural borrowing, educated Russians searched for Western nations, ideas, and social groups that embodied universal economic truths applicable to their own country. Esther Kingston-Mann describes Russian Westernization--which emphasized German as well as Anglo-U.S. economics--while she raises important questions about core values of Western culture and how cultural values and priorities are determined. This is the first historical account of the significant role played by Russian social scientists in nineteenth-century Western economic and social thought. In an era of rapid Western colonial expansion, the Russian quest for the "right" Western economic model became more urgent: Was Russia condemned to the fate of India if it did not become an England? In the 1900s, Russian liberal economists emphasized cultural difference and historical context, while Marxists and prerevolutionary government reformers declared that inexorable economic laws doomed peasants and their "medieval" communities. On the eve of 1917, both the tsarist regime and its leading critics agreed that Russia must choose between Western-style progress or "feudal" stagnation. And when peasants and communes survived until Stalin's time, he mercilessly destroyed them in the name of progress. Today Russia's painful modernizing traditions shape the policies of contemporary reformers, who seem as certain as their predecessors that economic progress requires wholesale obliteration of the past.

The Course of German History

A Survey of the Development of German History Since 1815

Author: Alan John Percivale Taylor

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415255589

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 3049

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One of the most famous and controversial works by possibly the highest profile historian of the twentieth century.

The Good Occupation

Author: Susan L. Carruthers

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674545702

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 2220

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Waged for a just cause, World War II was America’s good war. Yet for millions of GIs, the war did not end with the enemy’s surrender. From letters, diaries, and memoirs, Susan Carruthers chronicles the intimate thoughts and feelings of ordinary servicemen and women whose difficult mission was to rebuild nations they had recently worked to destroy.

Victorious Century

The United Kingdom, 1800-1906

Author: David Cannadine

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 052555789X

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 9278

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Originally published in Great Britain in 2017 by Allen Lane.

German Industry and German Industrialisation

Essays in German Economic and Business History in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Author: Robert Lee

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351840363

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 322

View: 8235

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Originally published in 1991 this book brings together 9 essays which address a number of central issues relating to the nature of German industrialisation, including the role of foreign competition in fostering technological change, the importance of market integration for economic development and the response of German banks to industrialisation. The book also provides an important corrective to the traditional interpretation of German industrialisation and reassesses the economic impact of the customs union (Zollverein). The reappraisal of some dominant themes in German economic and business history is distinctive in its explicit use of economic theory in historical analysis of long-term growth processes. It also emphasises the importance of sectoral analysis and illustrates the usefulness of a differential regional approach for understanding the process of German industrialisation.

Europe 1850-1914

Progress, Participation and Apprehension

Author: Jonathan Sperber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317866592

Category: History

Page: 422

View: 4563

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This innovative survey of European history from the middle of the nineteenth century to the outbreak of the First World War tells the story of an era of outward tranquillity that was also a period of economic growth, social transformation, political contention and scientific, and artistic innovation. During these years, the foundations of our present urban-industrial society were laid, the five Great Powers vied in peaceful and violent fashion for dominance in Europe and throughout the world, and the darker forces that were to dominate the twentieth century – violent nationalism, totalitarianism, racism, ethnic cleansing – began to make themselves felt. Jonathan Sperber sets out developments in this period across the entire European continent, from the Atlantic to the Urals, from the Baltic to the Mediterranean. To help students of European history grasp the main dynamics of the period, he divides the book into three overlapping sections covering the periods from 1850-75, 1871-95 and 1890-1914. In each period he identifies developments and tendencies that were common in varying degrees to the whole of Europe, while also pointing the unique qualities of specific regions and individual countries. Throughout, his argument is supported by illustrative material: tables, charts, case studies and other explanatory features, and there is a detailed bibliography to help students to explore further in those areas that interest them.