Archaeologies of waste

encounters with the unwanted

Author: Daniel Sosna,Lenka Brunclíková

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785703307

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 3790

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Waste represents a category of ‘things’, which is familiar and ubiquitous but rarely reflected in archaeological and cultural studies. Perception of waste changes over time and practices associated with waste vary. The ambiguity of waste challenges traditional archaeological approaches that take advantage of refuse to infer past behaviour. Recent developments in research in the social sciences and humanities indicate that waste offers many more dimensions for exploration. This interdisciplinary book brings together scholars who demonstrate the potential of research into waste for understanding humans, non-humans and their inter-relations. In 12 chapters the authors cover topics ranging from the relationship between waste and identity in early agricultural settlements to the perception of contemporary nuclear waste. Although archaeological approaches dominate the contributions, there are also chapters that represent the results of anthropological and historical research. The book is structured into three main sections that explore the relationship between waste and three domains of interest: value, social differentiation, and space. Archaeologies of Waste will interest archaeologists, anthropologists, historians and other readers intrigued by the potential of things, which were left behind, to shed light on social life.

Gefjon 2

ArkAeologi og nyere tid

Author: Inge Christiansen,Ole Thirup Kastholm,Kristoffer Buck Pedersen,Laura Maria Schutze

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 877184516X

Category: Social Science

Page: 188

View: 5998

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Gefjon - arkAeologi og nyere tid er et tidsskrift for kulturhistoriske emner fra de Aeldste tider til vores tid. Pa et velfunderet teoretisk og metodisk grundlag prAesenterer Gefjon den mest opdaterede viden, og viser de seneste tilgange til det videnskabelige felt pa de kulturhistoriske museer.Artiklerne i dette andet nummer beskAeftiger sig primAert med arkAeologi til alle tider. Undtagelsen er et historisk studie af Falsterlisten.oSkraldets arkAeologi - perspektiver set fra en 1700-tals losseplads pa EsplanadenoDen ubekvemme kulturarv. Bygningen som kulturhistorisk informationskildeoArkivalier og fund - komplementAere kilderoFalsterlistens dateringoEt sAerligt hus fra Asgard - et kulthus fra vikingetidenoVinge - et monumentalt, senneolistisk hus pa SjAelland. Byggetradition, Un?tice-indflydelse og okonomi i det sydostlige Skandinavien i SNII

Experiencing the Past

On the Character of Archaeology

Author: Michael Shanks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134936079

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3770

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In Experiencing the Past Michael Shanks presents an animated exploration of the character of archaeology and reclaims the sentiment and feeling which are so often lost in purely academic approaches.

The Anarchy: War and Status in 12th-Century Landscapes of Conflict

Author: Oliver H. Creighton,Duncan W. Wright

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1781382425

Category:

Page: 288

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The turbulent reign of Stephen, King of England (1135-54), has been styled since the late 19th century as 'the Anarchy', although the extent of political breakdown during the period has since been vigorously debated. Rebellion and bitter civil war characterised Stephen's protracted struggle with rival claimant Empress Matilda and her Angevin supporters over 'nineteen long winters' when, according to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, 'Christ and his Saints slept'. Drawing on new research and fieldwork, this innovative volume offers the first ever overview and synthesis of the archaeological and material record for this controversial period. It presents and interrogates many different types of evidence at a variety of scales, ranging from nationwide mapping of historical events through to conflict landscapes of battlefields and sieges. The volume considers archaeological sites such as castles and other fortifications, churches, monasteries, bishops' palaces and urban and rural settlements, alongside material culture including coins, pottery, seals and arms and armour. This approach not only augments but also challenges historical narratives, questioning the 'real' impact of Stephen's troubled reign on society, settlement, church and the landscape, and opens up new perspectives on the conduct of Anglo-Norman warfare

The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Geography

Author: Dydia DeLyser

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412919916

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 910

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The process of learning qualitative research has altered dramatically and this Handbook explores the growth, change, and complexity within the topic and looks back over its history to assess the current state of the art, and indicate possible future directions. Moving beyond textbook rehearsals of standard issues, the book examines key methodological debates and conflicts, approaching them in a critical, discursive manner.

Archaeology of Identity

Author: Margarita Diaz-Andreu,Sam Lucy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134738110

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 2914

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Bringing together a wealth of scholarship which provides a unique integrated approach to identity, The Archaeology of Identity presents an overview of the five key areas which have recently emerged in archaeological social theory: * gender * age * ethnicity * religion * status. This excellent book reviews the research history of each areas, the different ways in which each has been investigated, and offers new avenues for research and exploring the connections between them. Emphasis is placed on exploring the ways in which material culture structures, and is structured by, these aspects of individual and communal identity, with a particular examination of social practice. Useful for social scientists in sociology, anthropology and history, under- and postgraduates will find this an excellent addition to their course studies.

The Slenderman Mysteries

An Internet Urban Legend Comes to Life

Author: Nicholas Redfern,Nick Redfern

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 1632651122

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 288

View: 8557

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It's the dead of night; you are fast asleep. Suddenly, you are wide awake but unable to move. Hunched over you in the shadows is an eight- or nine-foot-tall gaunt entity with spider-thin limbs, dressed in an old-style black suit, its pale face missing eyes, nose, ears, and mouth. You finally manage to cry out. The monstrous thing disappears as suddenly as it appeared. You just had a terrifying encounter with the Slenderman. Who'or what'is the Slenderman? His existence began on the Internet, but he didn't stay online. The Slenderman may be a tulpa, a thought-form that can stride out of our darkest imaginations and into reality if enough people believe in it. In May 2014, two young Milwaukee girls almost killed a friend in the name of the Slenderman. Perhaps, like the vast Skynet system in the Terminator movies, the Internet is turning against us'and attacking us with digital equivalents of our own online nightmares. The Slenderman has come to life. For the first time, this book reveals the full and fear-filled saga.

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology

Author: A. M. Pollard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521655729

Category: Science

Page: 404

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This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.

Garbology

Our Dirty Love Affair with Trash

Author: Edward Humes

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1583335234

Category: Nature

Page: 325

View: 9510

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The author identifies trash as America's largest export, discussing how the nation reached current garbage levels while explaining what families, communities, and countries are doing to reverse waste trends.

Archaeology

The Discipline of Things

Author: Bjørnar Olsen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274164

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 991

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“This book exhorts the reader to embrace the materiality of archaeology by recognizing how every step in the discipline’s scientific processes involves interaction with myriad physical artifacts, ranging from the camel-hair brush to profile drawings to virtual reality imaging. At the same time, the reader is taken on a phenomenological journey into various pasts, immersed in the lives of peoples from other times, compelled to engage their senses with the sights, smells, and noises of the publics and places whose remains they study. This is a refreshingly original and provocative look at the meaning of the material culture that lies at the foundation of the archaeological discipline.”—Michael Brian Schiffer, author of The Material Life of Human Beings “This volume is a radical call to fundamentally rethink the ontology, profession, and practice of archaeology. The authors present a closely reasoned, epistemologically sound argument for why archaeology should be considered the discipline of things, rather than its more commonplace definition as the study of the human past through material traces. All scholars and students of archaeology will need to read and contemplate this thought-provoking book.”—Wendy Ashmore, Professor of Anthropology, UC Riverside "A broad, illuminating, and well-researched overview of theoretical problems pertaining to archaeology. The authors make a calm defense of the role of objects against tedious claims of 'fetishism.'"—Graham Harman, author of The Quadruple Object

Waste Away

Working and Living with a North American Landfill

Author: Joshua O. Reno

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520288939

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 288

View: 2545

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Though we are the most wasteful people in the history of the world, very few of us know what becomes of our waste. In Waste Away, Joshua O. Reno reveals how North Americans have been shaped by their preferred means of disposal: sanitary landfill. Based on the author’s fieldwork as a common laborer at a large, transnational landfill on the outskirts of Detroit, the book argues that waste management helps our possessions and dwellings to last by removing the transient materials they shed and sending them elsewhere. Ethnography conducted with waste workers shows how they conceal and contain other people’s wastes, all while negotiating the filth of their occupation, holding on to middle-class aspirations, and occasionally scavenging worthwhile stuff from the trash. Waste Away also traces the circumstances that led one community to host two landfills and made Michigan a leading importer of foreign waste. Focusing on local activists opposed to the transnational waste trade with Canada, the book’s ethnography analyzes their attempts to politicize the removal of waste out of sight that many take for granted. Documenting these different ways of relating to the management of North American rubbish, Waste Away demonstrates how the landfills we create remake us in turn, often behind our backs and beneath our notice.

Classical Archaeology of Greece

Experiences of the Discipline

Author: Michael Shanks

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415085212

Category: History

Page: 199

View: 5627

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Archaeologists do not discover the past but take the fragmentary remains which they recover and make something of them. Archaeology is a process of detection and supposition; this is what makes it so fascinating. However, the interpretations of archaeologists differ and change over time. They depend upon the amount of evidence available, the ideas and preconceptions of the archaeologist and their interests and aims. Michael Shanks's enlivening work is a guide to the discipline of classical archaeology and its objects. It assesses archaeology as a means of reconstructing ancient Greek society using the latest approaches of social archaeology. In addition, The Classical Archaeology of Greece outlines the history of the discipline and discusses why Classical Greece continues to fascinate us and why it has had such an impact on European civilization and identity.

The Falling Woman

Author: Pat Murphy

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1480483141

Category: Fiction

Page: 292

View: 5751

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Winner of the Nebula Award: An archaeologist with a strange power risks death to unlock the secret of the Mayans When night falls over the Yucatan, the archaeologists lay down their tools. But while her colleagues relax, Elizabeth Butler searches for shadows. A famous scientist with a reputation for eccentricity, she carries a strange secret. Where others see nothing but dirt and bones and fragments of pottery, Elizabeth sees shades of the men and women who walked this ground thousands of years before. She can speak to the past—and the past is beginning to speak back. As Elizabeth communes with ghosts, the daughter she abandoned flies to Mexico hoping for a reunion. She finds a mother embroiled in the supernatural, on a quest for the true reason for the Mayans’ disappearance. To dig up the truth, the archaeologist who talks to the dead must learn a far more difficult skill: speaking to her daughter.

Greening the Academy

Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts

Author: Samuel Fassbinder,Anthony Nocella,Richard Kahn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462091013

Category: Education

Page: 226

View: 6498

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This is the academic Age of the Neoliberal Arts. Campuses—as places characterized by democratic debate and controversy, wide ranges of opinion typical of vibrant public spheres, and service to the larger society—are everywhere being creatively destroyed in order to accord with market and military models befitting the academic-industrial complex. While it has become increasingly clear that facilitating the sustainability movement is the great 21st century educational challenge at hand, this book asserts that it is both a dangerous and criminal development today that sustainability in higher education has come to be defined by the complex-friendly “green campus” initiatives of science, technology, engineering and management programs. By contrast, Greening the Academy: Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts takes the standpoints of those working for environmental and ecological justice in order to critique the unsustainable disciplinary limitations within the humanities and social sciences, as well as provide tactical reconstructive openings toward an empowered liberal arts for sustainability. Greening the Academy thus hopes to speak back with a collective demand that sustainability education be defined as a critical and moral vocation comprised of the diverse types of humanistic study that will benefit the well-being of our emerging planetary community and its numerous common locales.

Mongo

Adventures in Trash

Author: Ted Botha

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1596919647

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6992

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A New York Public Library Book for the Teen Age Journalist Ted Botha became obsessed with mongo (defined as any discarded object that is retrieved) when he moved to New York. Decorating his apartment with the furniture and objects he found on Manhattan's streets, he soon realized he wasn't the only person finding things of value in the garbage, and he began meeting all kinds of collectors. Mongo is Botha's remarkable record of his travels among these varied and eccentric people an appropriately addictive tribute to this longtime, universal phenomenon. Ted Botha was born in New York and grew up in Japan, South Africa, and Washington, D.C. He has written for the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, and the Wall Street Journal, among other publications. His first book, Apartheid in My Rucksack, was a personal account of discovering Africa as a white African. "We thought we knew something about this subject...but Botha's book offers a completely different perspective." Jane and Michael Stern, New York Times Book Review "[Botha] writes about his subject with such earnest reverence that it's difficult...not to share his enthusiasm. Megapolitans eager to learn about the seamy underbelly of Manhattan should certainly consult Mongo, a work of urban reportage packed with arcane trivia and entertaining revelations." New York Observer "If you thought eBay aficionados and savvy bargain hunters were unduly resourceful, Botha introduces us to a whole new class of scavengers on the streets of New York City." Washington Post Also available: HC 1-58234-452-3 $23.95

Re-constructing Archaeology

Theory and Practice

Author: Michael Shanks,Christopher Tilley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134886098

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 7398

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First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Oxford Handbook of Neolithic Europe

Author: Chris Fowler,Jan Harding,Daniela Hofmann

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191666890

Category: History

Page: 856

View: 9413

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The Neolithic - a period in which the first sedentary agrarian communities were established across much of Europe - has been a key topic of archaeological research for over a century. However, the variety of evidence across Europe and the way research traditions in different countries (and languages) have developed makes it very difficult for both students and specialists to gain an overview of continent-wide trends. The Oxford Handbook of Neolithic Europe provides the first comprehensive, geographically extensive, thematic overview of the European Neolithic - from Iberia to Russia and from Norway to Malta - offering both a general introduction and a clear exploration of key issues and current debates surrounding evidence and interpretation. Chapters written by leading experts in the field examine topics such as the movement of plants, animals, ideas, and people (including recent trends in the application of genetics and isotope analyses); cultural change (from the first farming to the first metal artefacts); domestic architecture; subsistence; material culture; monuments; and burial and other treatments of the dead. In doing so, the volume also considers the history of research and sets out agendas and themes for future work in the field.

The Spam Book

On Viruses, Porn, and Other Anomalies from the Dark Side of Digital Culture

Author: Jussi Parikka,Tony D. Sampson

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: 9781572739154

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 3571

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For those of us increasingly reliant on email networks in our everyday social interactions, spam can be a pain; it can annoy; it can deceive; it can overload. Yet spam can also entertain and perplex us. This book is an aberration into the dark side of network culture. Instead of regurgitating stories of technological progress or over celebrating creative social media on the Internet, it filters contemporary culture through its anomalies. The book features theorists writing on spam, porn, censorship, and viruses. The evil side of media theory is exposed to theoretical interventions and innovative case studies that touch base with new media and Internet studies and the sociology of new network culture, as well as post-representational cultural theory.

Sonic Wonderland

A Scientific Odyssey of Sound

Author: Trevor Cox

Publisher: Bodley Head Childrens

ISBN: 9781847922106

Category: Sound

Page: 320

View: 4433

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As an acoustic engineer, Trevor Cox has spent his career eradicating unwanted noises - echoes in concert halls, clamour in classrooms. Until the day he heard something so astonishing that he had an epiphany: rather than quashing rare or bizarre sounds, we should be celebrating these sonic treasures. This is the story of his investigation into the mysteries of these Sonic Wonders of the World. In the Mojave Desert he finds sand dunes that sing. In France he discovers an echo that tells jokes. In California he drives down a musical road that plays the William Tell Overture. In Cathedrals across the world he learns how acoustics changed the history of the Church. Touching on physics, music, archaeology, neuroscience, biology, and design, Cox explains how sound is made and altered by the environment and how our body reacts to peculiar noises - from the exotic sonic wonders he encounters on his journey, or the equally unique and surprising sounds of our everyday environment. In a world dominated by the visual, Sonic Wonderland encourages us to become better listeners and to open our ears to the glorious cacophony around us. Listen to a selection of astonishing sounds here: https://soundcloud.com/sonicwonderland

Men in the Middle

Local Priests in Early Medieval Europe

Author: Steffen Patzold,Carine van van Rhijn

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110444488

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 7894

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This volume studies local priests as central players in small communities of early medieval Europe. As clerics living among the laity, priests played a double role within their communities: that of local representatives of the Church and religious experts, and that of owners of land and other goods. By virtue of their membership of both the ecclesiastical and the secular world, they can be considered as ‘men in the middle’: people who brought politico-religious ideas and ideals to secular communities, and who linked the local to the supra-local via networks of landownerhsip. This book addresses both roles that local priests played by approaching them via their manuscripts, and via the charters that record transactions in which they were involved. Manuscripts once owned by local priests bear witness to their education and expertise, but also indicate how, for instance, ideals of the Carolingian reforms reached the lowest levels of early medieval society. The case-studies of collections of charters, on the other hand, show priests as active members of networks of the locally powerful in a variety of European regions. Notwithstanding many local variations, the contributions to this volume show that local priests as ‘men in the middle’ are a phenomenon shared by the early medieval world as a whole.