An Introduction to Invariants and Moduli

Author: Shigeru Mukai,W. M. Oxbury

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521809061

Category: Mathematics

Page: 503

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Incorporated in this volume are the first two books in Mukai's series on Moduli Theory. The notion of a moduli space is central to geometry. However, it's influence is not confined there; for example the theory of moduli spaces is a crucial ingredient in the proof of Fermat's last theorem. An accurate account of Mukai's influential Japanese texts, this tranlation will be a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students working in a range of areas.

An Introduction to Random Matrices

Author: Greg W. Anderson,Alice Guionnet,Ofer Zeitouni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521194520

Category: Mathematics

Page: 492

View: 7165

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A rigorous introduction to the basic theory of random matrices designed for graduate students with a background in probability theory.

The Geometry of Moduli Spaces of Sheaves

Author: Daniel Huybrechts,Manfred Lehn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485822

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Now back in print, this highly regarded book has been updated to reflect recent advances in the theory of semistable coherent sheaves and their moduli spaces, which include moduli spaces in positive characteristic, moduli spaces of principal bundles and of complexes, Hilbert schemes of points on surfaces, derived categories of coherent sheaves, and moduli spaces of sheaves on Calabi–Yau threefolds. The authors review changes in the field since the publication of the original edition in 1997 and point the reader towards further literature. References have been brought up to date and errors removed. Developed from the authors' lectures, this book is ideal as a text for graduate students as well as a valuable resource for any mathematician with a background in algebraic geometry who wants to learn more about Grothendieck's approach.

Lectures on Invariant Theory

Author: Igor Dolgachev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525480

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

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The primary goal of this 2003 book is to give a brief introduction to the main ideas of algebraic and geometric invariant theory. It assumes only a minimal background in algebraic geometry, algebra and representation theory. Topics covered include the symbolic method for computation of invariants on the space of homogeneous forms, the problem of finite-generatedness of the algebra of invariants, the theory of covariants and constructions of categorical and geometric quotients. Throughout, the emphasis is on concrete examples which originate in classical algebraic geometry. Based on lectures given at University of Michigan, Harvard University and Seoul National University, the book is written in an accessible style and contains many examples and exercises. A novel feature of the book is a discussion of possible linearizations of actions and the variation of quotients under the change of linearization. Also includes the construction of toric varieties as torus quotients of affine spaces.

Moduli of Curves

Author: Joe Harris,Ian Morrison

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387227377

Category: Mathematics

Page: 369

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A guide to a rich and fascinating subject: algebraic curves and how they vary in families. Providing a broad but compact overview of the field, this book is accessible to readers with a modest background in algebraic geometry. It develops many techniques, including Hilbert schemes, deformation theory, stable reduction, intersection theory, and geometric invariant theory, with the focus on examples and applications arising in the study of moduli of curves. From such foundations, the book goes on to show how moduli spaces of curves are constructed, illustrates typical applications with the proofs of the Brill-Noether and Gieseker-Petri theorems via limit linear series, and surveys the most important results about their geometry ranging from irreducibility and complete subvarieties to ample divisors and Kodaira dimension. With over 180 exercises and 70 figures, the book also provides a concise introduction to the main results and open problems about important topics which are not covered in detail.

Algebraic Number Theory

Author: A. Fröhlich,M. J. Taylor,Martin J. Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521438346

Category: Mathematics

Page: 355

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This book provides a brisk, thorough treatment of the foundations of algebraic number theory on which it builds to introduce more advanced topics. Throughout, the authors emphasize the systematic development of techniques for the explicit calculation of the basic invariants such as rings of integers, class groups, and units, combining at each stage theory with explicit computations.

Etale Cohomology and the Weil Conjecture

Author: Eberhard Freitag,Reinhardt Kiehl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662025418

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

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Some years ago a conference on l-adic cohomology in Oberwolfach was held with the aim of reaching an understanding of Deligne's proof of the Weil conjec tures. For the convenience of the speakers the present authors - who were also the organisers of that meeting - prepared short notes containing the central definitions and ideas of the proofs. The unexpected interest for these notes and the various suggestions to publish them encouraged us to work somewhat more on them and fill out the gaps. Our aim was to develop the theory in as self contained and as short a manner as possible. We intended especially to provide a complete introduction to etale and l-adic cohomology theory including the monodromy theory of Lefschetz pencils. Of course, all the central ideas are due to the people who created the theory, especially Grothendieck and Deligne. The main references are the SGA-notes [64-69]. With the kind permission of Professor J. A. Dieudonne we have included in the book that finally resulted his excellent notes on the history of the Weil conjectures, as a second introduction. Our original notes were written in German. However, we finally followed the recommendation made variously to publish the book in English. We had the good fortune that Professor W. Waterhouse and his wife Betty agreed to translate our manuscript. We want to thank them very warmly for their willing involvement in such a tedious task. We are very grateful to the staff of Springer-Verlag for their careful work.

Geometric Invariant Theory

Author: David Mumford,John Fogarty,Frances Kirwan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540569633

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 9102

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"Geometric Invariant Theory" by Mumford/Fogarty (the firstedition was published in 1965, a second, enlarged editonappeared in 1982) is the standard reference on applicationsof invariant theory to the construction of moduli spaces.This third, revised edition has been long awaited for by themathematical community. It is now appearing in a completelyupdated and enlarged version with an additional chapter onthe moment map by Prof. Frances Kirwan (Oxford) and a fullyupdated bibliography of work in this area.The book deals firstly with actions of algebraic groups onalgebraic varieties, separating orbits by invariants andconstructionquotient spaces; and secondly with applicationsof this theory to the construction of moduli spaces.It is a systematic exposition of the geometric aspects ofthe classical theory of polynomial invariants.

The Geometry of Schemes

Author: David Eisenbud,Joe Harris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387226397

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 8235

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Grothendieck’s beautiful theory of schemes permeates modern algebraic geometry and underlies its applications to number theory, physics, and applied mathematics. This simple account of that theory emphasizes and explains the universal geometric concepts behind the definitions. In the book, concepts are illustrated with fundamental examples, and explicit calculations show how the constructions of scheme theory are carried out in practice.

Groups as Galois Groups

An Introduction

Author: Helmut Volklein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521562805

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 6085

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This book describes various approaches to the Inverse Galois Problem, a classical unsolved problem of mathematics posed by Hilbert at the beginning of the century. It brings together ideas from group theory, algebraic geometry and number theory, topology, and analysis. Assuming only elementary algebra and complex analysis, the author develops the necessary background from topology, Riemann surface theory and number theory. The first part of the book is quite elementary, and leads up to the basic rigidity criteria for the realisation of groups as Galois groups. The second part presents more advanced topics, such as braid group action and moduli spaces for covers of the Riemann sphere, GAR- and GAL- realizations, and patching over complete valued fields. Graduate students and mathematicians from other areas (especially group theory) will find this an excellent introduction to a fascinating field.

Trends in Representation Theory of Algebras and Related Topics

Author: Andrzej Skowroński

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190623

Category: Mathematics

Page: 710

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This book is concerned with recent trends in the representation theory of algebras and its exciting interaction with geometry, topology, commutative algebra, Lie algebras, quantum groups, homological algebra, invariant theory, combinatories, model theory and theoretical physics. The collection of articles, written by leading researchers in the field, is conceived as a sort of handbook providing easy access to the present state of knowledge and stimulating further development.

Developments and Retrospectives in Lie Theory

Algebraic Methods

Author: Geoffrey Mason,Ivan Penkov,Joseph A. Wolf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319098047

Category: Mathematics

Page: 397

View: 6021

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The Lie Theory Workshop, founded by Joe Wolf (UC, Berkeley), has been running for over two decades. These workshops have been sponsored by the NSF, noting the talks have been seminal in describing new perspectives in the field covering broad areas of current research. At the beginning, the top universities in California and Utah hosted the meetings which continue to run on a quarterly basis. Experts in representation theory/Lie theory from various parts of the US, Europe, Asia (China, Japan, Singapore, Russia), Canada, and South and Central America were routinely invited to give talks at these meetings. Nowadays, the workshops are also hosted at universities in Louisiana, Virginia, and Oklahoma. The contributors to this volume have all participated in these Lie theory workshops and include in this volume expository articles which cover representation theory from the algebraic, geometric, analytic, and topological perspectives with also important connections to math physics. These survey articles, review and update the prominent seminal series of workshops in representation/Lie theory mentioned-above, and reflects the widespread influence of those workshops in such areas as harmonic analysis, representation theory, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, number theory, and mathematical physics. Many of the contributors have had prominent roles in both the classical and modern developments of Lie theory and its applications.

An Introduction to Lie Groups and Lie Algebras

Author: Alexander Kirillov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521889693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 222

View: 6661

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This book is an introduction to semisimple Lie algebras; concise and informal, with numerous exercises and examples.

Geometry of Moduli Spaces and Representation Theory

Author: Roman Bezrukavnikov,Alexander Braverman,Zhiwei Yun

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470435748

Category: Algebraic varieties

Page: 436

View: 4683

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This book is based on lectures given at the Graduate Summer School of the 2015 Park City Mathematics Institute program “Geometry of moduli spaces and representation theory”, and is devoted to several interrelated topics in algebraic geometry, topology of algebraic varieties, and representation theory. Geometric representation theory is a young but fast developing research area at the intersection of these subjects. An early profound achievement was the famous conjecture by Kazhdan–Lusztig about characters of highest weight modules over a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and its subsequent proof by Beilinson-Bernstein and Brylinski-Kashiwara. Two remarkable features of this proof have inspired much of subsequent development: intricate algebraic data turned out to be encoded in topological invariants of singular geometric spaces, while proving this fact required deep general theorems from algebraic geometry. Another focus of the program was enumerative algebraic geometry. Recent progress showed the role of Lie theoretic structures in problems such as calculation of quantum cohomology, K-theory, etc. Although the motivation and technical background of these constructions is quite different from that of geometric Langlands duality, both theories deal with topological invariants of moduli spaces of maps from a target of complex dimension one. Thus they are at least heuristically related, while several recent works indicate possible strong technical connections. The main goal of this collection of notes is to provide young researchers and experts alike with an introduction to these areas of active research and promote interaction between the two related directions.

Algebraic Geometry

Author: Robin Hartshorne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738498

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

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An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.

Cohomological and Geometric Approaches to Rationality Problems

New Perspectives

Author: Fedor Bogomolov,Yuri Tschinkel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817649340

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 4782

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Rationality problems link algebra to geometry, and the difficulties involved depend on the transcendence degree of $K$ over $k$, or geometrically, on the dimension of the variety. A major success in 19th century algebraic geometry was a complete solution of the rationality problem in dimensions one and two over algebraically closed ground fields of characteristic zero. Such advances has led to many interdisciplinary applications to algebraic geometry. This comprehensive book consists of surveys of research papers by leading specialists in the field and gives indications for future research in rationality problems. Topics discussed include the rationality of quotient spaces, cohomological invariants of quasi-simple Lie type groups, rationality of the moduli space of curves, and rational points on algebraic varieties. This volume is intended for researchers, mathematicians, and graduate students interested in algebraic geometry, and specifically in rationality problems. Contributors: F. Bogomolov; T. Petrov; Y. Tschinkel; Ch. Böhning; G. Catanese; I. Cheltsov; J. Park; N. Hoffmann; S. J. Hu; M. C. Kang; L. Katzarkov; Y. Prokhorov; A. Pukhlikov

Introduction to Superstrings

Author: Michio Kaku

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468403192

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 1701

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We are all agreed that your theory is crazy. The question which divides us is whether it is crazy enough. Niels Bohr Superstring theory has emerged as the most promising candidate for a quan tum theory of all known interactions. Superstrings apparently solve a problem that has defied solution for the past 50 years, namely the unification of the two great fundamental physical theories of the century, quantum field theory and general relativity. Superstring theory introduces an entirely new physical picture into theoretical physics and a new mathematics that has startled even the mathematicians. Ironically, although superstring theory is supposed to provide a unified field theory of the universe, the theory itself often seems like a confused jumble offolklore, random rules of thumb, and intuition. This is because the develop ment of superstring theory has been unlike that of any other theory, such as general relativity, which began with a geometry and an action and later evolved into a quantum theory. Superstring theory, by contrast, has been evolving backward for the past 20 years. It has a bizarre history, beginning with the purely accidental discovery of the quantum theory in 1968 by G. Veneziano and M. Suzuki. Thumbing through old math books, they stumbled by chance on the Beta function, written down in the last century by mathematician Leonhard Euler.

Intersection Theory

Author: W. Fulton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662024217

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

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From the ancient origins of algebraic geometry in the solution of polynomial equations, through the triumphs of algebraic geometry during the last two cen turies, intersection theory has played a central role. Since its role in founda tional crises has been no less prominent, the lack of a complete modern treatise on intersection theory has been something of an embarrassment. The aim of this book is to develop the foundations of intersection theory, and to indicate the range of classical and modern applications. Although a comprehensive his tory of this vast subject is not attempted, we have tried to point out some of the striking early appearances of the ideas of intersection theory. Recent improvements in our understanding not only yield a stronger and more useful theory than previously available, but also make it possible to devel op the subject from the beginning with fewer prerequisites from algebra and algebraic geometry. It is hoped that the basic text can be read by one equipped with a first course in algebraic geometry, with occasional use of the two appen dices. Some of the examples, and a few of the later sections, require more spe cialized knowledge. The text is designed so that one who understands the con structions and grants the main theorems of the first six chapters can read other chapters separately. Frequent parenthetical references to previous sections are included for such readers. The summaries which begin each chapter should fa cilitate use as a reference.

Geometry and Complexity Theory

Author: J. M. Landsberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110819141X

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

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Two central problems in computer science are P vs NP and the complexity of matrix multiplication. The first is also a leading candidate for the greatest unsolved problem in mathematics. The second is of enormous practical and theoretical importance. Algebraic geometry and representation theory provide fertile ground for advancing work on these problems and others in complexity. This introduction to algebraic complexity theory for graduate students and researchers in computer science and mathematics features concrete examples that demonstrate the application of geometric techniques to real world problems. Written by a noted expert in the field, it offers numerous open questions to motivate future research. Complexity theory has rejuvenated classical geometric questions and brought different areas of mathematics together in new ways. This book will show the beautiful, interesting, and important questions that have arisen as a result.