Affective Neuroscience

The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions

Author: Jaak Panksepp

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 019517805X

Category: Medical

Page: 466

View: 5726

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This comprehensive and exceptionally readable text summarizes up-to-date information about the fundamental brain sources of emotional tendencies in humans and other animals.

Affective Neuroscience

The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions

Author: Jaak Panksepp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198025672

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 327

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Some investigators have argued that emotions, especially animal emotions, are illusory concepts outside the realm of scientific inquiry. However, with advances in neurobiology and neuroscience, researchers are demonstrating that this position is wrong as they move closer to a lasting understanding of the biology and psychology of emotion. In Affective Neuroscience, Jaak Panksepp provides the most up-to-date information about the brain-operating systems that organize the fundamental emotional tendencies of all mammals. Presenting complex material in a readable manner, the book offers a comprehensive summary of the fundamental neural sources of human and animal feelings, as well as a conceptual framework for studying emotional systems of the brain. Panksepp approaches emotions from the perspective of basic emotion theory but does not fail to address the complex issues raised by constructionist approaches. These issues include relations to human consciousness and the psychiatric implications of this knowledge. The book includes chapters on sleep and arousal, pleasure and fear systems, the sources of rage and anger, and the neural control of sexuality, as well as the more subtle emotions related to maternal care, social loss, and playfulness. Representing a synthetic integration of vast amounts of neurobehavioral knowledge, including relevant neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and neurochemistry, this book will be one of the most important contributions to understanding the biology of emotions since Darwins The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

Affective Neuroscience

The Foundations of Human and Animal Emotions

Author: Jaak Panksepp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199884358

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 3113

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Some investigators have argued that emotions, especially animal emotions, are illusory concepts outside the realm of scientific inquiry. However, with advances in neurobiology and neuroscience, researchers are demonstrating that this position is wrong as they move closer to a lasting understanding of the biology and psychology of emotion. In Affective Neuroscience, Jaak Panksepp provides the most up-to-date information about the brain-operating systems that organize the fundamental emotional tendencies of all mammals. Presenting complex material in a readable manner, the book offers a comprehensive summary of the fundamental neural sources of human and animal feelings, as well as a conceptual framework for studying emotional systems of the brain. Panksepp approaches emotions from the perspective of basic emotion theory but does not fail to address the complex issues raised by constructionist approaches. These issues include relations to human consciousness and the psychiatric implications of this knowledge. The book includes chapters on sleep and arousal, pleasure and fear systems, the sources of rage and anger, and the neural control of sexuality, as well as the more subtle emotions related to maternal care, social loss, and playfulness. Representing a synthetic integration of vast amounts of neurobehavioral knowledge, including relevant neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and neurochemistry, this book will be one of the most important contributions to understanding the biology of emotions since Darwins The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion

Author: Richard D. Lane,Lynn Nadel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190288736

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 3856

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This book, a member of the Series in Affective Science, is a unique interdisciplinary sequence of articles on the cognitive neuroscience of emotion by some of the most well-known researchers in the area. It explores what is known about cognitive processes in emotion at the same time it reviews the processes and anatomical structures involved in emotion, determining whether there is something about emotion and its neural substrates that requires they be studied as a separate domain. Divided into four major focal points and presenting research that has been performed in the last decade, this book covers the process of emotion generation, the functions of amygdala, the conscious experience of emotion, and emotion regulation and dysregulation. Collectively, the chapters constitute a broad but selective survey of current knowledge about emotion and the brain, and they all address the close association between cognitive and emotional processes. By bringing together diverse strands of investigation with the aim of documenting current understanding of how emotion is instantiated in the brain, this book will be of use to scientists, researchers, and advanced students of psychology and neuroscience.

Emotion Explained

Author: Edmund T. Rolls

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198570035

Category: Medical

Page: 606

View: 3983

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"Emotion Explained will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience, psychology, and cognitive neuroscience from advanced undergraduate level upwards. It will also be of interest to those in biology, animal behaviour, zoology, evolutionary biology, physiology, nutrition, psychiatry, medicine, and philosophy. The book has been written with modular chapters and sections, making it possible to select particular chapters for course work."--Jacket.

Textbook of Biological Psychiatry

Author: Jaak Panksepp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471468981

Category: Psychology

Page: 736

View: 4306

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A Textbook of Biological Psychiatry integrates the basic science concerning brain mechanisms of psychiatric disorders alongside surveys of present standard clinical treatment. Organized in a coherent and easy to follow structure, chapters expand across different levels of analysis, from basic mechanisms to clinical practice. This comprehensive reference provides an integrative treatment of the biochemistry of neurotransmission, behavioral pharmacology, and clinical aspects of psychiatric problems including depression, manic-depression, and mood disorders. Other chapters address the biological mechanisms and treatment of depression, anxiety, panic, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and addictions. The editor concludes with a perspective on the future of the field and prospects for understanding and effectively treating mood and anxiety disorders.

The Emotional Foundations of Human Personality

A Neurobiological and Evolutionary Approach

Author: Kenneth L. Davis,Jaak Panksepp,Mark Solms

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393710571

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 8616

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A novel approach to understanding personality, based on evidence that we share more than we realize with other mammals.

The Cambridge Handbook of Human Affective Neuroscience

Author: Jorge Armony,Patrik Vuilleumier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107310709

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 6016

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Neuroscientific research on emotion has developed dramatically over the past decade. The cognitive neuroscience of human emotion, which has emerged as the new and thriving area of 'affective neuroscience', is rapidly rendering existing overviews of the field obsolete. This handbook provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and authoritative survey of knowledge and topics investigated in this cutting-edge field. It covers a range of topics, from face and voice perception to pain and music, as well as social behaviors and decision making. The book considers and interrogates multiple research methods, among them brain imaging and physiology measurements, as well as methods used to evaluate behavior and genetics. Editors Jorge Armony and Patrik Vuilleumier have enlisted well-known and active researchers from more than twenty institutions across three continents, bringing geographic as well as methodological breadth to the collection. This timely volume will become a key reference work for researchers and students in the growing field of neuroscience.

Genius

The Natural History of Creativity

Author: H. J. Eysenck

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521485081

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 344

View: 5798

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Genius: The Natural History of Creativity presents a novel theory of genius and creativity that is based on the personality characteristics of creative persons and geniuses. Starting with the fact that genius and creativity are frequently related to psychopathology, this book brings together many different lines of research into the subject. Professor Eysenck provides experimental evidence to support these theories in their application to creativity. He considers the role of intelligence, social status, gender, and many other factors that have been linked with genius and creativity. His theory traces creativity from DNA through personality to special cognitive processes to genius. The book will generate a great deal of interest in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, philosophy, and sociology.

The Psychological Construction of Emotion

Author: Lisa Feldman Barrett,James A. Russell

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462516971

Category: Psychology

Page: 479

View: 6314

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This volume presents cutting-edge theory and research on emotions as constructed events rather than fixed, essential entities. It provides a thorough introduction to the assumptions, hypotheses, and scientific methods that embody psychological constructionist approaches. Leading scholars examine the neurobiological, cognitive/perceptual, and social processes that give rise to the experiences Western cultures call sadness, anger, fear, and so on. The book explores such compelling questions as how the brain creates emotional experiences, whether the "ingredients" of emotions also give rise to other mental states, and how to define what is or is not an emotion. Introductory and concluding chapters by the editors identify key themes and controversies and compare psychological construction to other theories of emotion.

Handbook of Affective Sciences

Author: Richard J Davidson,Klaus R Sherer,H. Hill Goldsmith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195377001

Category: Psychology

Page: 1199

View: 9772

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One hundred stereotype maps glazed with the most exquisite human prejudice, especially collected for you by Yanko Tsvetkov, author of the viral Mapping Stereotypes project. Satire and cartography rarely come in a single package but in the Atlas of Prejudice they successfully blend in a work of art that is both funny and thought-provoking. The book is based on Mapping Stereotypes, Yanko Tsvetkov's critically acclaimed project that became a viral Internet sensation in 2009. A reliable weapon against bigots of all kinds, it serves as an inexhaustible source of much needed argumentation and-occasionally-as a nice slab of paper that can be used to smack them across the face whenever reasoning becomes utterly impossible. The Complete Collection version of the Atlas contains all maps from the previously published two volumes and adds twenty five new ones, wrapping the best-selling series in a single extended edition.

Psychology and Neurobiology of Empathy

Author: Douglas F. Watt,Jaak Panksepp

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers

ISBN: 9781634844468

Category: Empathy

Page: 467

View: 3428

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The scientific study of empathy has exploded in the past decade. Practically all of the relevant sciences -- from various neuroscientific, psychological and sociological perspectives -- are now vigorously participating in the emerging conversations about the nature of this essential, pro-social process. Empathy is also emerging as a critical topic in medical education and practice, in terms of its essential relevance for not only the patient - physician relationship and bed-side practice, but also for diverse psychiatric problems and syndromes that demonstrate a fundamental disordering of empathy, particularly conduct disorder/sociopathy and autistic spectrum disorders. Consistent with these multidisciplinary trends and interests, this volume reflects contributions from many disciplines and summarizes the impact of diverse empathy studies. It also discusses the perspectives of individuals participating in the scientific discussion and scholarship about this critical frontier topic. Contributions in the present volume range from detailed neuroscientific reviews of empathy concepts and processes, to a diversity of evolutionary and developmental perspectives looking at empathy in both phylogeny and ontogeny. Likewise, an examination of how helping and medical disciplines are impacted by such issues are included -- a wide ranging and comprehensive list of topics that are typically not covered elsewhere in a single volume. In summary, this book covers diverse but related approaches to understanding empathy from evolutionary, developmental, sociological and clinical viewpoints across the life cycle. Various contributors from around the world merge scientific and practical viewpoints in depth to provide readers a comprehensive picture of this emerging field, ranging from basic scientific knowledge to practical medical perspectives. This book should be a valuable resource to those interested in the diverse facets of empathy, from advanced students in psychology and related fields, to educators, to various medical and healthcare professionals. It may appeal to anyone interested not only in scientific studies of empathy, but also those curious about how a deeper understanding of empathy might inform and illuminate problems related to our daily human social interactions and their vicissitudes.

The Playful Brain

Venturing to the Limits of Neuroscience

Author: Sergio Pellis,Vivien Pellis

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780744625

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 2628

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For centuries the phenomenon of play has perplexed scientists across the board. Studies by biologists, psychologists, neuroscientists, anthropologists, and educators have excited keen debate and contention, producing diverse opinions that pose play as both a childish waste of time and a necessary tool in the development of a healthy fulfilled individual. But so far the lack of empirical research has meant that questions about functionality of play, its origins, and variety amongst different species remain unanswered. In this fully integrated study Sergio and Vivien Pellis address these questions synthesizing three decades of empirical research to create a truly seminal study into the whys and wherefores of play. With implications for so many disciplines, the Pellis’ original research and novel findings will not only expand our current knowledge of play behaviour, but will inspire change and progress from the laboratory to the playground. Professor Sergio Pellis and Associate Professor Vivien Pellis both work at the Canadian Centre for Behavioural Neuroscience at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.

Pleasures of the Brain

Author: Morten L. Kringelbach,Kent C. Berridge

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195331028

Category: Medical

Page: 343

View: 1990

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Pleasure is fundamental to well-being and the quality of life, but until recently, was barely explored by science. Current research on pleasure has brought about ground-breaking developments on several fronts, and new data on pleasure and the brain have begun to converge from many disparate fields. The time is ripe to present these important findings in a single volume, and so Morten Kringelbach and Kent Berridge have brought together the leading researchers to provides a comprehensive review of our current scientific understanding of pleasure. The authors present their latest neuroscientific research into pleasure, describing studies on the brain's role in pleasure and reward in animals and humans, including brain mechanisms, neuroimaging data, and psychological analyses, as well as how their findings have been applied to clinical problems, such as depression and other disorders of hedonic well-being. To clarify the differences between their views, the researchers also provide short answers to a set of fundamental questions about pleasure and its relation to the brain. This book is intended to serve as both a starting point for readers new to the field, and as a reference for more experienced graduate students and scientists from fields such as neuroscience, psychology, psychiatry, neurology, and neurosurgery.

The Archaeology of Mind: Neuroevolutionary Origins of Human Emotions

Author: Jaak Panksepp,Lucy Biven

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393707318

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 1620

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A look at the seven emotional systems of the brain by the researcher who discovered them. What makes us happy? What makes us sad? How do we come to feel a sense of enthusiasm? What fills us with lust, anger, fear, or tenderness? Traditional behavioral and cognitive neuroscience have yet to provide satisfactory answers. The Archaeology of Mind presents an affective neuroscience approach—which takes into consideration basic mental processes, brain functions, and emotional behaviors that all mammals share—to locate the neural mechanisms of emotional expression. It reveals—for the first time—the deep neural sources of our values and basic emotional feelings. This book elaborates on the seven emotional systems that explain how we live and behave. These systems originate in deep areas of the brain that are remarkably similar across all mammalian species. When they are disrupted, we find the origins of emotional disorders: - SEEKING: how the brain generates a euphoric and expectant response - FEAR: how the brain responds to the threat of physical danger and death - RAGE: sources of irritation and fury in the brain - LUST: how sexual desire and attachments are elaborated in the brain - CARE: sources of maternal nurturance - GRIEF: sources of non-sexual attachments - PLAY: how the brain generates joyous, rough-and-tumble interactions - SELF: a hypothesis explaining how affects might be elaborated in the brain The book offers an evidence-based evolutionary taxonomy of emotions and affects and, as such, a brand-new clinical paradigm for treating psychiatric disorders in clinical practice.

The Neuropsychology of Anxiety

An Enquiry Into the Function of the Septo-hippocampal System

Author: Jeffrey Alan Gray,Neil McNaughton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198522711

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 843

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The Neuropsychology of Anxiety first appeared in 1982 as the first volume in the Oxford Psychology Series, and quickly established itself as the definitive work on the subject. In the many years since the 1st edition, significant advances have been made in the study of anxiety, and much evidence obtained supporting the original theory. The new edition has been extensively revised, considering these recent advances, and laying down the foundations for future research.

Brain Architecture

Understanding the Basic Plan

Author: Larry W. Swanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019537858X

Category: Medical

Page: 331

View: 945

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Now in its second edition, Brain Architecture is the continued exploration of how the brain works. It summarizes traditional views about brain structure-function organization clearly and comprehensively and elaborates a new four system network model of nervous system organization. Thoroughly updated and refreshingly clear, this is a must-read for anyone interested in the science of how the brain works. Oxford Clinical Neuroscience is a comprehensive, cross-searchable collection of resources offering quick and easy access to eleven of Oxford University Press's prestigious neuroscience texts. Joining Oxford Medicine Online these resources offer students, specialists and clinical researchers the best quality content in an easy-to-access format.

Brainstorming

Views and Interviews on the Mind

Author: Shaun Gallagher

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 1845407245

Category: Philosophy

Page: 407

View: 7744

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Shaun Gallagher is a philosopher of mind who has made it his business to study and meet with leading neuroscientists, including Michael Gazzaniga, Marc Jeannerod and Chris Frith. The result is this unique introduction to the study of the mind, with topics ranging over consciousness, emotion, language, movement, free will and moral responsibility. The discussion throughout is illustrated by lengthy extracts from the author’s many interviews with his scientist colleagues on the relation between the mind and the brain.

Consciousness

Creeping Up on the Hard Problem

Author: Jeffrey Alan Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198520900

Category: Psychology

Page: 341

View: 3974

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How does conscious experience arise out of the functioning of the human brain? How is it related to the behaviour that it accompanies? How does the perceived world relate to the real world? Between them, these three questions constitute what is commonly known as the Hard Problem of consciousness. Despite vast knowledge of the relationship between brain and behaviour, and rapid advances in our knowledge of how brain activity correlates with conscious experience, the answers to all three questions remain controversial, even mysterious. This important new book analyses these core issues and reviews the evidence from both introspection and experiment. To many its conclusions will be surprising and even unsettling: · The entire perceived world is constructed by the brain. The relationship between the world we perceive and the underlying physical reality is not as close as we might think. · Much of our behaviour is accomplished with little or no participation from conscious experience. · Our conscious experience of our behaviour lags the behaviour itself by around a fifth of a second - we become aware of what we do only after we have done it. · The lag in conscious experience applies also to the decision to act - we only become aware of our decisions after they have been formed. · The self is as much a creation of the brain as is the rest of the perceived world. Written by a leading scientist, this analysis of how conscious experience relates to brain and behaviour is accessible and compelling. It will have major implications for our understanding of human nature.