Advanced General Relativity

Author: John Stewart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521449465

Category: Science

Page: 228

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A self-contained introduction to advanced general relativity.

Relativity on Curved Manifolds

Author: F. de Felice,C. J. S. Clarke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429085

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 8070

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This is a self-contained exposition of general relativity with emphasis given to tetrad and spinor structures and physical measurement on curved manifolds.

Exact Space-Times in Einstein's General Relativity

Author: Jerry B. Griffiths,Jiří Podolský

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139481169

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3616

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Einstein's theory of general relativity is a theory of gravity and, as in the earlier Newtonian theory, much can be learnt about the character of gravitation and its effects by investigating particular idealised examples. This book describes the basic solutions of Einstein's equations with a particular emphasis on what they mean, both geometrically and physically. Concepts such as big bang and big crunch-types of singularities, different kinds of horizons and gravitational waves, are described in the context of the particular space-times in which they naturally arise. These notions are initially introduced using the most simple and symmetric cases. Various important coordinate forms of each solution are presented, thus enabling the global structure of the corresponding space-time and its other properties to be analysed. The book is an invaluable resource both for graduate students and academic researchers working in gravitational physics.

Modern Canonical Quantum General Relativity

Author: Thomas Thiemann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946759X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Modern physics rests on two fundamental building blocks: general relativity and quantum theory. General relativity is a geometric interpretation of gravity while quantum theory governs the microscopic behaviour of matter. Since matter is described by quantum theory which in turn couples to geometry, we need a quantum theory of gravity. In order to construct quantum gravity one must reformulate quantum theory on a background independent way. Modern Canonical Quantum General Relativity provides a complete treatise of the canonical quantisation of general relativity. The focus is on detailing the conceptual and mathematical framework, on describing physical applications and on summarising the status of this programme in its most popular incarnation, called loop quantum gravity. Mathematical concepts and their relevance to physics are provided within this book, which therefore can be read by graduate students with basic knowledge of quantum field theory or general relativity.

Exact Solutions of Einstein's Field Equations

Author: Hans Stephani,Dietrich Kramer,Malcolm MacCallum,Cornelius Hoenselaers,Eduard Herlt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139435024

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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A paperback edition of a classic text, this book gives a unique survey of the known solutions of Einstein's field equations for vacuum, Einstein-Maxwell, pure radiation and perfect fluid sources. It introduces the foundations of differential geometry and Riemannian geometry and the methods used to characterize, find or construct solutions. The solutions are then considered, ordered by their symmetry group, their algebraic structure (Petrov type) or other invariant properties such as special subspaces or tensor fields and embedding properties. Includes all the developments in the field since the first edition and contains six completely new chapters, covering topics including generation methods and their application, colliding waves, classification of metrics by invariants and treatments of homothetic motions. This book is an important resource for graduates and researchers in relativity, theoretical physics, astrophysics and mathematics. It can also be used as an introductory text on some mathematical aspects of general relativity.

Quantum Gravity in 2+1 Dimensions

Author: Steven Carlip,Steven Jonathan Carlip

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521545884

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 8689

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The first comprehensive survey of (2+1)-dimensional quantum gravity - for graduate students and researchers.

Gravity and Strings

Author: Tomás Ortín

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316239578

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9503

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Self-contained and comprehensive, this definitive new edition of Gravity and Strings is a unique resource for graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics. From basic differential geometry through to the construction and study of black-hole and black-brane solutions in quantum gravity - via all the intermediate stages - this book provides a complete overview of the intersection of gravity, supergravity, and superstrings. Now fully revised, this second edition covers an extensive array of topics, including new material on non-linear electric-magnetic duality, the electric-tensor formalism, matter-coupled supergravity, supersymmetric solutions, the geometries of scalar manifolds appearing in 4- and 5-dimensional supergravities, and much more. Covering reviews of important solutions and numerous solution-generating techniques, and accompanied by an exhaustive index and bibliography, this is an exceptional reference work.

Differential Geometry, Gauge Theories, and Gravity

Author: M. Göckeler,T. Schücker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521378215

Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

View: 6859

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Cambridge University Press is committed to keeping scholarly work in print for as long as possible. A short print-run of this academic paperback has been produced using digital technology. This technology has enabled Cambridge to keep the book in print for specialists and students when traditional methods of reprinting would not have been feasible. While the new digital cover differs from the original, the text content is identical to that of previous printings.

The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time

Author: S. W. Hawking,G. F. R. Ellis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139810952

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Einstein's General Theory of Relativity leads to two remarkable predictions: first, that the ultimate destiny of many massive stars is to undergo gravitational collapse and to disappear from view, leaving behind a 'black hole' in space; and secondly, that there will exist singularities in space-time itself. These singularities are places where space-time begins or ends, and the presently known laws of physics break down. They will occur inside black holes, and in the past are what might be construed as the beginning of the universe. To show how these predictions arise, the authors discuss the General Theory of Relativity in the large. Starting with a precise formulation of the theory and an account of the necessary background of differential geometry, the significance of space-time curvature is discussed and the global properties of a number of exact solutions of Einstein's field equations are examined. The theory of the causal structure of a general space-time is developed, and is used to study black holes and to prove a number of theorems establishing the inevitability of singualarities under certain conditions. A discussion of the Cauchy problem for General Relativity is also included in this 1973 book.

Conformal Methods in General Relativity

Author: Juan Valiente Kroon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107033896

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 3431

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A systematic and self-contained account, which adopts a geometric approach to study the solutions of Einstein's theory of gravity.

Special Relativity in General Frames

From Particles to Astrophysics

Author: Eric Gourgoulhon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642372767

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 1491

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Special relativity is the basis of many fields in modern physics: particle physics, quantum field theory, high-energy astrophysics, etc. This theory is presented here by adopting a four-dimensional point of view from the start. An outstanding feature of the book is that it doesn’t restrict itself to inertial frames but considers accelerated and rotating observers. It is thus possible to treat physical effects such as the Thomas precession or the Sagnac effect in a simple yet precise manner. In the final chapters, more advanced topics like tensorial fields in spacetime, exterior calculus and relativistic hydrodynamics are addressed. In the last, brief chapter the author gives a preview of gravity and shows where it becomes incompatible with Minkowsky spacetime. Well illustrated and enriched by many historical notes, this book also presents many applications of special relativity, ranging from particle physics (accelerators, particle collisions, quark-gluon plasma) to astrophysics (relativistic jets, active galactic nuclei), and including practical applications (Sagnac gyrometers, synchrotron radiation, GPS). In addition, the book provides some mathematical developments, such as the detailed analysis of the Lorentz group and its Lie algebra. The book is suitable for students in the third year of a physics degree or on a masters course, as well as researchers and any reader interested in relativity. Thanks to the geometric approach adopted, this book should also be beneficial for the study of general relativity. “A modern presentation of special relativity must put forward its essential structures, before illustrating them using concrete applications to specific dynamical problems. Such is the challenge (so successfully met!) of the beautiful book by Éric Gourgoulhon.” (excerpt from the Foreword by Thibault Damour)

Quantum Gravity

Author: Carlo Rovelli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139456156

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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Quantum gravity is perhaps the most important open problem in fundamental physics. It is the problem of merging quantum mechanics and general relativity, the two great conceptual revolutions in the physics of the twentieth century. The loop and spinfoam approach, presented in this 2004 book, is one of the leading research programs in the field. The first part of the book discusses the reformulation of the basis of classical and quantum Hamiltonian physics required by general relativity. The second part covers the basic technical research directions. Appendices include a detailed history of the subject of quantum gravity, hard-to-find mathematical material, and a discussion of some philosophical issues raised by the subject. This fascinating text is ideal for graduate students entering the field, as well as researchers already working in quantum gravity. It will also appeal to philosophers and other scholars interested in the nature of space and time.

The Cosmological Singularity

Author: Vladimir Belinski,Marc Henneaux

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108547990

Category: Science

Page: 263

View: 4396

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Written for researchers focusing on general relativity, supergravity, and cosmology, this is a self-contained exposition of the structure of the cosmological singularity in generic solutions of the Einstein equations, and an up-to-date mathematical derivation of the theory underlying the Belinski–Khalatnikov–Lifshitz (BKL) conjecture on this field. Part I provides a comprehensive review of the theory underlying the BKL conjecture. The generic asymptotic behavior near the cosmological singularity of the gravitational field, and fields describing other kinds of matter, is explained in detail. Part II focuses on the billiard reformulation of the BKL behavior. Taking a general approach, this section does not assume any simplifying symmetry conditions and applies to theories involving a range of matter fields and space-time dimensions, including supergravities. Overall, this book will equip theoretical and mathematical physicists with the theoretical fundamentals of the Big Bang, Big Crunch, Black Hole singularities, the billiard description, and emergent mathematical structures.

Superstring Theory

25th Anniversary Edition

Author: Michael B. Green,John H. Schwarz,Edward Witten

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107029139

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 7313

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Twenty-fifth anniversary edition featuring a new Preface, invaluable for graduate students and researchers in high energy physics and astrophysics.

Introduction to Supersymmetry

Author: Peter G. O. Freund

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521356756

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 805

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Just as ordinary symmetries relate various forms of matter to each other, and various basic forces to each other, so the novel concept of supersymmetry relates (Fermi) matter to (Bose) force. It is the aim of this book to provide a brief introductory description of the new physical and mathematical ideas involved in formulating supersymmetric theories. The book starts with a physical motivation of supersymmetry, a presentation of the mathematics of Lie superalgebras, supergroups and superspace. Techniques for constructing manifestly globally supersymmetric field theories are given, using the superfield formalism. To allow for a clear flow of ideas, the basic ideas and techniques are worked out in low space dimensionalities where the formulae do not obscure the concepts. Generalizations to four space-time dimensions are then readily come by. Some quantum aspects are discussed. Possible phenomenological applications are not emphasized. Supergravities, locally supersymmetric theories are then considered in 4 and 11 dimensions, in component formalism. An introduction to supersymmetry will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and particle physics, especially those working in quantum field theory, quantum gravity, general relativity and supergravity. The book will also be of interest to mathematicians with an interest in theoretical physics.

Spinors and Space-Time: Volume 1, Two-Spinor Calculus and Relativistic Fields

Author: Roger Penrose,Wolfgang Rindler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521337076

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

View: 4050

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This volume introduces and systematically develops the calculus of 2-spinors. This is the first detailed exposition of this technique which leads not only to a deeper understanding of the structure of space-time, but also provides shortcuts to some very tedious calculations. Many results are given here for the first time.

The Mathematical Theory of Black Holes

Author: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198503705

Category: Science

Page: 646

View: 3948

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"The theory of black holes is the most simple consequence of Einstein's relativity theory. Dealing with relativity theory, this book details one of the most beautiful areas of mathematical physics; the theory of black holes. It represents a personal testament to the work of the author, who spent several years working-out the subject matter." --WorldCat.

Theory and Experiment in Gravitational Physics

Author: Clifford M. Will

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521439732

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 3032

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This is a revised edition of a classic and highly regarded book, first published in 1981, describing the status of theory and experiment in general relativity. The book provides all the necessary theoretical background, and covers all the important experimental tests. A new chapter has been added to cover recent important experimental tests, and the bibliography has been brought right up to date. Reviews of the previous edition: ' … consolidates much of the literature on experimental gravity and should be invaluable to researchers in gravitation …' Science ' … a concise and meaty book … and a most useful reference work … researchers and serious students of gravitation should be pleased with it …' Nature

Springer Handbook of Spacetime

Author: Abhay Ashtekar,Vesselin Petkov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642419925

Category: Science

Page: 950

View: 5880

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The Springer Handbook of Spacetime is dedicated to the ground-breaking paradigm shifts embodied in the two relativity theories, and describes in detail the profound reshaping of physical sciences they ushered in. It includes in a single volume chapters on foundations, on the underlying mathematics, on physical and astrophysical implications, experimental evidence and cosmological predictions, as well as chapters on efforts to unify general relativity and quantum physics. The Handbook can be used as a desk reference by researchers in a wide variety of fields, not only by specialists in relativity but also by researchers in related areas that either grew out of, or are deeply influenced by, the two relativity theories: cosmology, astronomy and astrophysics, high energy physics, quantum field theory, mathematics, and philosophy of science. It should also serve as a valuable resource for graduate students and young researchers entering these areas, and for instructors who teach courses on these subjects. The Handbook is divided into six parts. Part A: Introduction to Spacetime Structure. Part B: Foundational Issues. Part C: Spacetime Structure and Mathematics. Part D: Confronting Relativity theories with observations. Part E: General relativity and the universe. Part F: Spacetime beyond Einstein.

Relativity and Gravitation

100 Years after Einstein in Prague

Author: Jiří Bičák,Tomáš Ledvinka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319067613

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 5282

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In early April 1911 Albert Einstein arrived in Prague to become full professor of theoretical physics at the German part of Charles University. It was there, for the first time, that he concentrated primarily on the problem of gravitation. Before he left Prague in July 1912 he had submitted the paper “Relativität und Gravitation: Erwiderung auf eine Bemerkung von M. Abraham” in which he remarkably anticipated what a future theory of gravity should look like. At the occasion of the Einstein-in-Prague centenary an international meeting was organized under a title inspired by Einstein's last paper from the Prague period: "Relativity and Gravitation, 100 Years after Einstein in Prague". The main topics of the conference included: classical relativity, numerical relativity, relativistic astrophysics and cosmology, quantum gravity, experimental aspects of gravitation and conceptual and historical issues. The conference attracted over 200 scientists from 31 countries, among them a number of leading experts in the field of general relativity and its applications. This volume includes abstracts of the plenary talks and full texts of contributed talks and articles based on the posters presented at the conference. These describe primarily original results of the authors. Full texts of the plenary talks are included in the volume "General Relativity, Cosmology and Astrophysics--Perspectives 100 Years after Einstein in Prague", eds. J. Bičák and T. Ledvinka, published also by Springer Verlag.